Brave (2012 film)

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Brave
A lass wi lang, curly reid hair stares at the viewer haudin a bow an a arrow. Ahint her is the film's teetle whiles at the left shaws a bear starin at her.
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Mark Andrews
Brenda Chapman
Produced by Katherine Sarafian
Screenplay by Mark Andrews
Steve Purcell
Brenda Chapman
Irene Mecchi
Story by Brenda Chapman
Starring Kelly Macdonald
Billy Connolly
Emma Thompson
Julie Walters
Robbie Coltrane
Kevin McKidd
Craig Ferguson
Music by Patrick Doyle
Edited by Nicholas C. Smith
Production
company
Distributed by Walt Disney Studios
Motion Pictures
Release date
  • Juin 10, 2012 (2012-06-10) (SIFF)
  • Juin 22, 2012 (2012-06-22) (Unitit States)
Running time
93 meenits[1]
Country Unitit States
Language Inglis
Budget $185 million[2]
Box office $538,983,207[3]

Brave is a 2012 American computer-animatit adventur fantasie film producit bi Pixar Animation Studios an distributit bi Walt Disney Pictures. It wis written bi Mark Andrews, Steve Purcell, Brenda Chapman, an Irene Mecchi, directit bi Andrews an Chapman[4] an co-directit bi Purcell. The film's vyce cast featurs Kelly Macdonald, Julie Walters, Billy Connolly, Emma Thompson, Kevin McKidd, Craig Ferguson, an Robbie Coltrane. For tae mak the maist complex visuals possible, Pixar completely rewrate thair animation seestem for the first time in 25 years.[5] It is the first film tae uise the Dolby Atmos soond format.

In the film, set in the Scots Hielands, a skeelit aircher namit Merida thraws an age-auld prattick, garrin reavel-raivel in her kinrick bi expressin the desire tae not be betrothed. Efter speirin a witch for help, Merida accidentally curses her faimilie an is forced tae undae the spell hersel afore it is ower late. Brave premiered on 10 Juin 2012, at the Seattle International Film Festival, an wis released in North Americae on 22 Juin 2012, tae baith positive reviews an box office success. The film wan the Golden Globe Award for Best Animated Feature Film an wis nominatit for the BAFTA Award for Best Animated Film an Academy Award for Best Animated Film.[6][7][8]

Precedin the feature is a short film enteetled La Luna, directit bi Enrico Casarosa.[9]

Plot[eedit | eedit soorce]

In Scotland, Keeng Fergus o Clan Dunbroch praisents his young dochter Merida wi a bow for her birthday. While practisin, Merida encoonters a will-o'-the-wisp. Suin efterwards, Mor'du, a giant deevilock beir, attacks the faimlie. Merida escapes alang wi her mither Queen Elinor whiles Fergus fechts aff the bear at the cost o his left shank. Yeirs later, Merida haes acome a free-speeritit teenager an a aulder sister tae identical thrieplets: Hamish, Harris an Hubert. Elinor informs her that she is tae be betrothed tae ane o louns frae her faither's allied clans. Myndin Merida o a legend anent a prince wha ruint his ain kinrick, Elinor wairns her that failure tae mairy coud hair, Dunbroch, bit Merida is dissatisfee'd wi the reengement.

The clans o Macintosh, MacGuffin an Dingwall arrive wi their first-born louns tae compete in Hieland Gemmes for Merida's haund. Merida kythes she is eligible tae compete for her awn haund as the first-born o Clan Dunbroch an defeats ilk o her suitors in an airchery contest. Efter a brief fawin oot wi Elinor, Merida runs intae the forest an comes across the will-o'-the-wisps. They lead her tae the hut o an elderly witch posin as a wid carver. Efter some bargainin, the witch grees tae gie Merida a spell tae chynge her mither; in the form o a cake.

Merida returns tae the castle an gies Elinor the cake, nae kennin Elinor haed realised her awn mistake o birnin Merida's bow in the fawin oot, garrin her mither tae transform intae a lairge black beir. Wi the help o her brithers, Merida an Elinor return tae the witch's nou desertit cottage where thay discover that the spell will be permanent unless undone bi the seicont sunrise. The witch leaves Merida a riddle, mentionin that she must "mend the bond torn bi pride." Merida an Elinor begin tae reconcile thair relationship while Merida observes that the spell is slowly becomin permanent, as Elinor eften loses control an acts mair like a wild beir. Efter encounterin the wisps again, the twa follow them tae auncient ruins an encounter Mor'du, who they discover wis ance the prince in Elinor's legend who received a similar spell frae the witch. Merida promises her mither that she will nae acome a wild ainimal like Mor'du an theorizes that she can reverse the spell bi repairin her faimily tapestry (Merida haed torn a hole atween herself an her mither on the tapestry).

At the castle, the clans are on the verge o war, but the princess quells thair fechtin. Wi the encooragement o her mither, unseen bi the ither guests, wha uises charades tae guide Merida throu a speech, the princess declares that the bairns shoud be allouit tae get mairrit in thair awn time, tae whamever thay chuise. Merida then sneaks intae the tapestry room wi Elinor, who is lowsin control o her human self. Fergus gangs-in the bed chaumer an is attackit bi Elinor till she regains human consciousness an races oot o the castle in desperation. Fergus gies chase. Wi the help o her brithers, wha hae transformed an aw intae bear cubs bi eatin the cake, Merida rides efter her faither while sewin up the tapestry. The clan memmers an Fergus captur Elinor, but Merida intervenes jist afore Mor'du attacks. Just as Mor'du is aboot tae swallow Merida hail, Elinor saves her an a menhir crashes doun on Mor'du, flattenin the monster, releasin the prince's speerit.

Whan Merida places the tapestry ower Elinor, nocht happens. Efter Merida teirfu reconciles wi Elinor, whilk is the true meanin o the witch's riddle, the queen is transformed back, alang wi the triplets, an the faimily is reunitit. A few days later, the clans depairt for thair respective launds an Merida an Elinor ride their horse thegither, thair bond finally restored.

In a post-credits scene, the witch's crow asks a castle guard tae sign for a delivery o widen carvins that Merida bocht simultaneously wi the spell.

Vyce cast[eedit | eedit soorce]

Non-speakin characters include Mor'du (the evil beir),[13] Angus (Merida's horse),[13] an Harris, Hubert, an Hamish (Merida's triplet brothers).[14]

Production[eedit | eedit soorce]

Annoonced in Aprile 2008 as The Bear and the Bow (Scots: The Beir an the Bow),[15] Brave is Pixar's first fairy tale.[16][17][18] Brenda Chapman considers it a fairy tale in the tradeetion o Hans Christian Andersen an the Brothers Grimm.[19] Chapman conceived the project an wis annoonced as the film's director, makin her Pixar's first female director,[20] but in October 2010, she wis replaced bi Mark Andrews followin creative disagreements.[21] Chapman later statit that her “vision came through in the film” an that she remains “very proud o the movie, an that I ultimately stood up for myself.”[22][23]

Merida is the first female lead protagonist in a Pixar film.[4] She wis oreeginally tae be voiced bi Reese Witherspoon,[24] who declined due tae schedulin issues. Instead, the character wis voiced bi Scottis actress Kelly Macdonald,[4] recently acclaimed for her role as Margaret Schroeder in HBO's Boordwalk Empire.

The end credits include a special tribute tae Pixar co-foonder an CEO Steve Jobs, who died in 2011.[25]

Muisic[eedit | eedit soorce]

The film score tae Brave wis componed bi Patrick Doyle. Tae bring some o Scotland's native flavor tae the muisic, Doyle uised native Scottis instruments such as bagpipes, a solo fiddle, Celtic harps, flutes an the bodhrán, wi an electronically treatit dulcimer an cimbalom tae give it a mair contemporary feel. "I employed mony classic Scottis dance rhythms such as reels, jigs, an strathspeys, which nae only serve the action but keep it authentic," said Doyle.[26] Doyle haed also written a drinkin sang for Keeng Fergus an wis travelin back an forth tae Scotland for research. The composer haes also been recordin "unaccompanied Gaelic psalm singin."[27]

In addition tae Doyle's muisic, the film features three oreeginal sangs. "Touch the Sky" (muisic bi Alex Mandel, lyrics bi Mark Andrews & Mandel) an "Intae the Open Air" (muisic an lyrics bi Alex Mandel) are baith performed bi Julie Fowlis, who provides Merida's aff-screen singin vyce. Mumford & Sons contributit the sang "Learn Me Richt" wi Birdy tae the film soondtrack.

Soondtrack[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main article: Brave (soundtrack)

Walt Disney Records released the soondtrack on baith CD album an deegital dounload on Juin 19, 2012.[28]

Release[eedit | eedit soorce]

The film wis initially set for release on Juin 15, 2012, but it wis later chynged tae Juin 22, 2012.[29] On Aprile 3, 2012, Pixar screened the film's first thirty minutes, an it received a positive reaction bi its screeners.[30] The film premiered on the last day o the Seattle Internaitional Film Festival on Juin 10, 2012.[31] It haed its Australie premiere on Juin 11, 2012, at the Sydney Film Festival,[32] an haed its domestic premiere on Juin 18, 2012, at Hollywood's Dolby Theatre as pairt o the Los Angeles Film Festival,[33] its European premiere wis at the Taormina Film Festival on Sicily on Juin 23, 2012, an its Breetish premiere at the Edinburgh Internaitional Film Festival on Juin 30, 2012.

In the Unitit States an Canadae, Brave is the first featur-length film tae uise the Dolby Atmos soond format.[34] Almaist hauf o the 14 theaters set up tae shaw the film in Atmos are in Californie (Burbank, Century Ceety, Fremont, Hollywid, San Francisco, an Sherman Oaks), wi the ethers locatit in seven states (Lake Buena Vista, Florida; Kansas Ceety, Missouri; Paramus, New Jersey; Las Vegas, Nevada; Chicago; West Plano, Texas; Vancouver, Washington) an in Toronto, Ontario.[35] It wis released in ither theaters wi Dolby Surround 7.1. In tot, it wis released in 4,164 theaters, a record-haich for Pixar, which wis previously held bi Caurs 2 (4,115 theaters).[36] 2,790 o the theaters includit 3D shaws.[37]

Home media[eedit | eedit soorce]

Brave wis released on Blu-ray, Blu-ray 3D, DVD, an deegital dounload on November 13, 2012. It is accompanied wi La Luna an a new short film The Legend o Mor'du.[38] Explorin the history o antagonist Mor’du, the direct-tae-video short will give fans the chance tae delve deeper intae the leg­end behind Mor'du, as told bi the eccen­tric witch who trans­formed him.[39]

Reception[eedit | eedit soorce]

Creetical response[eedit | eedit soorce]

Brave received positive reviews frae critics. The film haulds a 78% approval ratin on the review aggregator wabsteid Rotten Tomatoes, based on 213 reviews wi an average ratin o 6.9/10. The steid's creetical consensus reads: "Brave offers young audiences an fairy tale fans a rousin, funny fantasy adventure wi a distaff twist an surprisin depth."[40] Anither review aggregator, Metacritic, which assigns a normalized ratin oot o 100 tap reviews frae mainstream creetics, calculatit a score o 69 based on 37 reviews, or "Generally favorable."[41] The film wis also well-received amang the American audience, earnin an "A" CinemaScore.[42]

Roger Ebert o the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film 3 oot o 4 starns. He wrote, "The guid news is that the kids will probably love it, an the bad news is that parents will be disappointit if they're hopin for anither Pixar groondbreaker. Unlike such brightly oreeginal films as Toy Story, Finding Nemo, WALL-E, an Up, this ane finds Pixar poachin on tradeetional territory o Disney." He said that the film did hae an upliftin message aboot improvin communication atween mithers an dauchters, "although transformin yer mither intae a bear is a rather extreme first step."[43] Peter Debruge o Variety gave a positive review o the film, remarkin that the film "offers a tougher, mair self-reliant heroine for an era in which princes aren't so charmin, set in a sumptuously detailed Scottis environment where her spirit blazes bright as her fiery reid hair." Debruge also said that "Addin a female director [Brenda Chapman] tae its creative boys' club, the studio [Pixar] haes fashioned a resonant tribute tae mither-dauchter relationships that packs a level o poignancy on par wi such beloved male-bondin classics as Findin Nemo."[44] Conversely, Todd McCarthy o The Hollywood Reporter gave it a negative review, statin that the film "diminishes intae a rather wee thing as it chugs alang, wi climactic drama that is baith too conveniently wrapped up an hinges on magical elements that are somewhat confusin tae boot."[45]

Box office[eedit | eedit soorce]

As o Januar 2013, Brave haes earned $237,282,182 in North Americae, an $317,324,350 in ither kintras, for a warldwide tot o $538,983,207.[3] It is the eleventh haichest-grossin film o 2012,[46] the aicht haichest-grossin Pixar film,[47] an the third haichest-grossin animatit film that year behind Ice Age: Continental Drift ($875.2 million) an Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted ($742.1 million).

In North Americae, pre-release trackin suggestit the film would open atween $55 million tae $65 million in North Americae,[48][49] which is slichtly alaich average for a Pixar film.[37] Trackers suggestit that the film micht nae appeal tae the male demographic,[37] whereas the female protagonist wis expectit tae draw females o aw ages, an 3D wis expectit tae boost earnins.[50]

It opened on Juin 22, 2012, wi $24.6 million. It finished its openin weekend wi $66.3 million (the same amoont as Caurs 2, Pixar's previous film) at the upper end o the nummers analysts predictit.[51] This wis the fowert lairgest openin weekend in Juin,[52] an the fifth lairgest for a Pixar film.[53] Despite pre-release trackin indications, the audience wis estimatit tae be 43% male an 57% female.[42] In North Americae, it is the aichth haichest-grossin Pixar film,[47] the haichest-grossin 2012 animatit film,[54] an the aichth haichest-grossin film o 2012.[55]

Ootside North Americae, the film earned $14 million frae 10 mercats on its openin weekend, finishin in third place behind Madagascar 3: Europe's Maist Wantit an Snow White and the Huntsman.[56] Overaw, its lairgest openins occurred in Fraunce an the Maghreb region ($6.5 million), Mexico ($5.53 million), an Roushie an the CIS ($5.37 million). In tot earnins, its haichest-grossin kintras were the U.K., Ireland an Malta ($34.9 million), Fraunce an the Maghreb region ($26.8 million), an Mexico ($21.6 million).[57]

Accolades[eedit | eedit soorce]

Leet o awairds an nominations
Awaird Category Winner/Nominee Result
Academy Awairds[8] Baist Animatit Feature Film o the Year Mark Andrews an Brenda Chapman Won
Alliance o Weemen Film Journalists Baist Animatit Featur
Best Animatit Female Kelly Macdonald (Merida)
American Cinema Editors Baist Editit Animatit Featur Film Nicholas C. Smith, A.C.E.
Annie Awairds[58][59] Baist Animatit Featur Nominatit
Animatit Effects Featur Production Bill Watral, Chris Chapman, Dave Hale, Keith Klohn, Michael K. O’Brien
Character Animation Featur Production Dan Nguyen
Jaime Landes
Travis Hathaway
Muisic in an Animatit Featur Production Patrick Doyle, Mark Andrews, Alex Mandel
Production Design in an Animatit Featur Production Steve Pilcher Won
Voice Actin in an Animatit Featur Production Kelly Macdonald as Merida Nominatit
Writin in an Animatit Featur Production Brenda Chapman, Irene Mecchi, Mark Andrews and Steve Purcell
Editorial in an Animatit Featur Production Nicholas A. Smith, ACE, Robert Graham Jones, ACE, David Suther Won
BAFTA Awairds[7] Best Animatit Film
Chicago Film Critics Association Best Animatit Feature Nominatit
Cinema Audio Society Ootstandin Achievement in Soond Mixin for Motion Picturs Animatit Won
Critics' Choice Awairds[60] Best Animatit Feature Nominatit
Baist Sang Mumford & Sons an Birdy for Learn Me Right
Golden Globe Awairds[61] Best Animatit Feature Film Mark Andrews an Brenda Chapman Won
Grammy Awairds[62] Best Sang Written for Visual Media Mumford & Sons an Birdy for the sang Learn Me Right Nominatit
Houston Film Critics Society Baist Animatit Film
Baist Oreeginal Sang Lean Me Richt
Touch the Sky
Internaitional Film Muisic Critics Association Awairds Baist Oreeginal Score for an Animatit Featur Patrick Doyle
Online Film Critics Society Baist Animatit Featur
Phoenix Film Critics Society Baist Animatit Film
Producers Guild o Americae Animatit Theatrical Motion Pictur Katherine Sarafian
San Diego Film Critics Society Baist Animatit Film
Satellite Awairds[63] Motion Pictur, Animatit or Mixed Media
Oreeginal Sang Learn Me RichtBirdy an Mumford & Sons
Saturn Awairds[64] Best Animatit Film Mark Andrews an Brenda Chapman Nominatit
St. Louis Gateway Film Critics Association Best Animatit Film Nominatit
Toronto Film Critics Association Best Animatit Featur
Visual Effects Society[65] Ootstandin Animation in an Animatit Featur Motion Pictur Mark Andrews, Brenda Chapman, Steve May, Katherine Sarafian, Bill Wise Won
Ootstandin Animatit Character in an Animatit Featur Motion Pictur - Merida Kelly Macdonald, Travis Hathaway, Olivier Soares, Peter Sumanaseni, Brian Tindall
Ootstandin Creatit Environment in an Animatit Featur Motion Pictur - The Forest Tim Best, Steve Pilcher, Inigo Quilez, Andy Whittock
Ootstanding FX an Simulation Animation in an Animatit Featur Motion Pictur Chris Chapman, Dave Hale, Michael K. O'Brien, Bill Watral
Washington DC Aurie Film Critics Association Baist Animatit Featur Nominatit
Women Film Critics Circle Baist Animatit Females Kelly Macdonald (Merida), Emma Thompson (Queen Elinor), Julie Walters (The Witch) an aw ether female characters in Brave. Won

Video gemme[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main article: Brave (video game)

A video gemme based on the film wis published bi Disney Interactive Studios on Juin 19, 2012,[66] for the PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, Wii, PC, an Nintendo DS.[67] A mobile video gemme Temple Run: Brave (a Brave variation o Temple Run) wis released on Juin 14, 2012, for iOS an Android.[68]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

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