Vologodsky Destrict

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Vologodsky Destrict
Вологодский район (Roushie)
Location of Vologodsky District (Vologda Oblast).svg
Location o Vologodsky Destrict in Vologda Oblast
Coordinates: 59°26′N 39°41′E / 59.433°N 39.683°E / 59.433; 39.683Coordinates: 59°26′N 39°41′E / 59.433°N 39.683°E / 59.433; 39.683
Coat of Arms of Vologda rayon (Vologda oblast).png
Flag of Vologodsky rayon (Vologda oblast).gif
Coat o airms o Vologodsky Destrict
Banner o Vologodsky Destrict
Location
KintraRoushie
Federal subjectVologda Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as o Juin 2012)
Admeenistrative centreceetyVologda[2]
Admeenistrative diveesions:[2]
selsoviet23
Inhabitit localities:[2]
Rural localities912
Municipal structure (as o July 2012)
Municipally incorporatit asVologodsky Municipal Destrict[3]
Municipal diveesions:[3]
Urban settlements0
Rural settlements12
Stateestics
Aurie4,500 km2 (1,700 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census)50,438 inhabitants[5]
• Urban0%
• Rural100%
Density11.21/km2 (29.0/sq mi)[6]
Time zoneMSK (UTC+03:00)[7]
Established15 Julie 1929[8]
Offeecial wabsteid
Vologodsky Destrict on WikiCommons

Vologodsky Destrict (Roushie: Волого́дский райо́н) is a admeenistrative[1] an municipal[3] destrict (raion), ane o the twinty-sax in Vologda Oblast, Roushie. It is locatit in the centre o the oblast an borders wi Ust-Kubinsky an Sokolsky Destricts in the northeast, Mezhdurechensky Destrict in the east, Gryazovetsky Destrict in the sootheast, Poshekhonsky Destrict o Yaroslavl Oblast in the soothwast, Sheksninsky Destrict in the wast, an wi Kirillovsky Destrict in the northwast. The aurie o the destrict is 4,500 square kilometers (1,700 sq mi).[4] Its admeenistrative centre is the ceety o Vologda[9] (which is no admeenistratively a pairt o the destrict).[1] Population: 50,438 (2010 Census);[5] 50,956 (2002 Census);[10] 64,946 (1989 Census).[11] As o 2010, Vologodsky Destrict wis the maist populous amang aw the destricts o Vologda Oblast.[5]

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The destrict is elongatit frae northwast tae sootheast wi Loch Kubenskoye, ane of the biggest lakes in Vologda Oblast, formin its northeastren border. The loch is shared atween Vologodsky an Ust-Kubensky Destricts. Amaist aw o the destrict's territory lees in the basin o the Sukhona River. In pairticular, the rivers in the north lee in the basin o Loch Kubenskoye, the source o the Sukhona, an the soothren pairt is in the basin o the Vologda River, ane o the major tributars o the Sukhona. The Lezha River, anither major tributar o the Sukhona, forms the sootheastren border o the destrict, an the Sukhona itsel forms the eastren border, upstream frae the mooth o the Lezha.

Minor auries in the northwast o the destrict are in the Sheksna River's basin an some auries in the sooth o the destrict are in the basin o the Sogozha River. Baith rivers are left tributars o the Volga, an thus the divide atween the basins o the White an the Caspian Seas crosses the destrict.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Vologda was first mentioned in reliable sources in 1264 as a remote dounset controlled bi the Novgorod Republic. Subsequently, it became an important dounset on the trade route connectin Central Roushie tae the White Sea via the Northren Dvina River, an tharefore it wis a subject o frequent disputes atween Novgorod an the Grand Duchy o Moscow. In the 15t century, it became the seat o the quasi-unthirlt Principality o Vologda, which wis maist o the time controlled bi Moscow an which includit the current aurie o Vologodsky Destrict. In the 15t century, the aurie became a pairt o the Grand Duchy o Moscow.

In the course o the admeenistrative reform carriet oot in 1708 bi Peter the Great, the aurie wis includit intae Archangelgorod Govrenorate. Vologda wis specifically mentioned as ane o the touns comprisin the govrenorate. In 1780, Archangelogorod Govrenorate was abolisht an transformit intae Vologda Viceryalty, an in 1796 the latter wis split intae Arkhangelsk an Vologda Govrenorates. Wha is nou Vologodsky Destrict wis then a pairt o Vologodsky Uyezd o Vologda Govrenorate.

On 15 Julie 1929, several govrenorates, includin Vologda Govrenorate, wur mergit intae Northren Krai, an the uyezds wur abolisht. Insteid, Vologodsky Destrict wi the admeenistrative centre in Vologda wis establisht as a pairt o Vologda Okrug. On 20 Juin 1932, the destrict wis abolisht. Some o its territory wis transferred tae Chyobsarsky, Gryazovetsky, an Ust-Kubinsky Destricts, an the rest wis admeenistratively subordinatit tae Vologda.[8]

In the follaein years, the first-level admeenistrative diveesion o Roushie kept chyngin. In 1936, Northren Krai wis transformit intae Northren Oblast, which in turn wis split intae Arkhangelsk Oblast an Vologda Oblast in 1937. On 1 September 1938, Vologodsky Destrict wis re-establisht.[8]

On 15 Julie 1929, Chyobsarsky Destrict wi the admeenistrative centre in Chyobsara wis establisht. On 13 Dizember 1962, it wis abolisht an its territory wis split atween Vologodsky an Cherepovetsky Destricts. On 12 Januar 1965, Sheksninsky Destrict wis establisht, which includit some o the auries o the umwhile Chyobsarsky Destrict, includin the urban-teep dounset o Chyobsara.[8]

On 15 Julie 1929, Kubeno-Ozersky Destrict wi the admeenistrative centre in the selo o Kubenskoye wis establisht an aw. On 13 Dizember 1962, it wis abolisht an mergit intae Vologodsky Destrict.[8]

Admeenistrative an municipal status[eedit | eedit soorce]

Athin the framewirk o admeenistrative diveesions, Vologodsky Destrict is ane o the twinty-sax in the oblast.[1] The ceety o Vologda serves as its admeenistrative centre,[9] despite bein incorporatit separately as a ceety o oblast significance—a admeenistrative unit wi the status equal tae that o the destricts.[1]

As a municipal diveesion, the destrict is incorporatit as Vologodsky Municipal Destrict.[3] The ceety o oblast significance o Vologda is incorporatit separately frae the destrict as Vologda Urban Okrug.[12]

Economie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Industrie[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 2011, fuid industrie wis the leadin industrie in the destrict, producin 61% o the gross product. Timber industrie is next in importance.[13]

Agricultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Crops are grown in the destrict, an meat, milk, an eggs are producit. In 2011, the destrict producit mair crops, milk, meat, an eggs than ony ither destrict o Vologda Oblast.[13]

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ane o the principal heich-gates in Roushie, M8, which connects Moscow an Arkhangelsk, crosses the eastren pairt o the destrict frae sooth tae north. In Vologda, twa mair heich-gates branch aff. Anither heich-gate, A114, connectin Vologda tae Cherepovets an Saunt Petersburg, runs wast frae Vologda, an the heich-gate connectin Vologda wi the touns o Kirillov, Vytegra, an Pudozh runs northwast alang the axis o the destrict.

The railwey connectin Yaroslavl an Vologda crosses the destrict frae sooth tae north. In the sooth o the destrict, a railwey tae Buy branches aff sootheast. The railwey connectin Vologda wi Cherepovets an Saunt Petersburg begins in Vologda an runs wast throu the destrict.

Loch Kubenskoye an the Sukhona River are baith navigable, as well as the Lezha an the Vologda in their lawer courses, but thare is nae passenger navigation.

Cultur an recreation[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Chapel o Iliya the Prophet in the Ethnographic Museum in Semyonkovo

The destrict contains sax objects classified as cultural an historical heritage bi the Roushie Federal law an addeetionally saxty-aicht objects classifee'd as cultural an historical heritage o local importance.[14] The objects protected at the federal level are the Ethnographic Museum in Semyonkovo, the Mozhaysky Estate in Mozhayskoye (umwhile Kotelnikovo), the Intercession Kirk in Pokrovskoye, an the Ulyanov Hoose in Raskopino.

There are three museums in the destrict. The Ethnographic Museum in Semyonkovo is an open air museum which is creatit for preservation o tradeetional firthen airchitectur in the central an eastren pairts o Vologda Oblast.[15] The umwhile Mozhaysky Estate in the dounset o Mozhayskoye is nou the museum o Alexander Mozhaysky.[16] Alexander Mozhaysky, Roushie aviation pioneer, who in 1884 constructit a monoplane aircraft an performit an unsuccessful attempt tae tak aff, livit in the estate, which belangit tae his wife, atween 1860 an 1863. The Vologda Destrict Museum is locatit in the selo o Kubenskoye.[17]

Sergey Ilyushin, Soviet aircraft designer an the foonder o the Ilyushin Design Bureau, wis born in 1894 in the veelage o Dilyalevo, currently in Vologodsky Destrict.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Law #371-OZ
  2. 2.0 2.1 Resolution #178
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Law #1112-OZ
  4. 4.0 4.1 Судаков, Г.В. (2006). Г. В. Судаков, ed. Вологодская энциклопедия (PDF) (in Russian). Вологда: ВГПУ, Русь. p. 136. ISBN 5-87822-305-8. Retrieved November 14, 2011. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census) (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. The value o density wis calculatit automatically bi dividin the 2010 Census population bi the aurie specifee'd in the infobox. Please note that this vailyie is anly approximate as the aurie specifee'd in the infobox daes nae necessarily correspond tae the aurie o the entity proper or is reportit for the same year as the population.
  7. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Govrenment o the Roushie Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of Juin 31, 2011 On Calculatin Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of Julie 03, 2016 On Amendin Federal Law "On Calculatin Time". Effective as of efter saxty days follaein the day o the offeecial publication.).
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 "Справка об изменениях административно-территориального устройства и сети партийных и комсомольских органов на территории Вологодской области (1917-1991)" (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved October 16, 2011. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 19 220», в ред. изменения №275/2015 от 1 сентября 2015 г.. (State Statistics Committee o the Roushie Federation. Committee o the Roushie Federation on Staundartisation, Metrology, an Certification. #OK 019-95 Januar 1, 1997 Roushie Clessification o Objects o Admeenistrative Diveesion . Code 19 220, as amended by the Amendment #275/2015 of September 1, 2015. ).
  10. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population o Roushie, Its Federal Destricts, Federal Subjects, Destricts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Admeenistrative Centres, an Rural Localities wi Population o Ower 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002] (in Roushie). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [Aw Union Population Census o 1989: Present Population o Union an Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts an Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Destricts, Urban Settlements, an Veelages Servin as Destrict Admeenistrative Centres]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [Aw-Union Population Census o 1989] (in Roushie). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute o Demografie at the Naitional Resairch Varsity: Heicher Schuil o Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  12. Law #1103-OZ
  13. 13.0 13.1 "Экономика района" (in Russian). Администрация Вологодского района. Retrieved November 19, 2011. 
  14. "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved November 19, 2011. 
  15. "Архитектурно-этнографический музей Вологодской области" (in Russian). Вологодский государственный музей-заповедник. Retrieved November 19, 2011. 
  16. "Дом-музей А.Ф. Можайского (филиал Вологодского государственного историко-архитектурного и художественного музея-заповедника)" (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved November 19, 2011. 
  17. "Культура" (in Russian). Администрация Вологодского района. Retrieved November 19, 2011. 

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №371-ОЗ от 4 июня 1999 г. «О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области», в ред. Закона №2916-ОЗ от 7 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон области "О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №124–125, 29 июля 1999 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #371-OZ of June 4, 1999 On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Law #2916-OZ of December 7, 2012 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Правительство Вологодской области. Постановление №178 от 1 марта 2010 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц Вологодской области», в ред. Постановления №686 от 25 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Постановления Правительства области». Вступил в силу 20 марта 2010 г. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №29, 20 марта 2010 г. (Government of Vologda Oblast. Resolution #178 of March 1, 2010 On Adopting the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #686 of June 25, 2012 On Amending Various Resolutions of the Oblast Government. Effective as of March 20, 2010.).
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