Babushkinsky Destrict, Vologda Oblast

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Babushkinsky Destrict
Бабушкинский район (Roushie)

Location o Babushkinsky Destrict in Vologda Oblast
Coordinates: 59°45′N 43°08′E / 59.750°N 43.133°E / 59.750; 43.133Coordinates: 59°45′N 43°08′E / 59.750°N 43.133°E / 59.750; 43.133

Munt Isakova near the veelage o Isakovo in Babushkinsky District
Coat o airms o Babushkinsky Destrict
Banner o Babushkinsky Destrict
Federal subjectVologda Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as o March 2012)
Admeenistrative centreseloimeni Babushkina[2]
Admeenistrative diveesions:[2]
Inhabitit localities:[2]
Rural localities138
Municipal structure (as o April 2010)
Municipally incorporatit asBabushkinsky Municipal Destrict[3]
Municipal diveesions:[3]
Urban settlements0
Rural settlements10
Aurie7,761 km2 (2,997 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census)12,779 inhabitants[5]
• Urban0%
• Rural100%
Density1.65/km2 (4.3/sq mi)[6]
Time zoneMSK (UTC+03:00)[7]
Established15 Julie 1929[8]
Offeecial wabsteid
Babushkinsky Destrict on WikiCommons

Babushkinsky Destrict (Roushie: Ба́бушкинский райо́н) is a admeenistrative[1] an municipal[3] destrict (raion), ane o the twinty-sax in Vologda Oblast, Roushie. It is locatit in the sootheast o the oblast an borders wi Nyuksensky Destrict in the north, Kichmengsko-Gorodetsky Destrict in the northeast, Nikolsky Destrict in the east, Kologrivsky an Chukhlomsky Destricts o Kostroma Oblast in the sooth, an wi Totemsky Destricts in the wast. The aurie o the destrict is 7,761 square kilometer (2,997 sq mi).[4] Its admeenistrative centre is the landwart locality (a selo) o imeni Babushkina.[2] Destrict's population: 12,779 (2010 Census);[5] 14,994 (2002 Census);[9] 18,037 (1989 Census).[10] The population o imeni Babushkina accoonts for 31.6% o the destrict's population.[5]

Name[eedit | eedit soorce]

Prior tae 1941, the destrict wis kent as Ledengsky Destrict, an the selo o imeni Babushkina wis kent as Ledengskoye. Baith the destrict an its admeenistrative centre wur renamit in Mairch 1941 tae commemorate Bolshevik revolutionar Ivan Babushkin, who wis born in Ledengskoye.[8]

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The destrict is locatit at the divide atween the basins o the Sukhona, the Yug, an the Unzha Rivers (the left tributar o the Volga), an sicweys at the divide atween the basins o the Airctic Ocean an the Caspian Sea. The landscape is dominatit bi the Northren Ridge chain o hills. The Unzha crosses the soothren pairt o the destrict frae east tae wast, an mony rivers in the centre an the sooth o the destrict drain intae the Unzha. The rivers in the northeast o the destrict drain intae the Sharzhenga, the left tributar o the Yug. The rivers in the wast drain intae various richt tributars o the Sukhona, sic as the Tolshma, the Ledenga, an the Staraya Totma.

Ower 80% o the tot aurie o the destrict is covered bi coniferous forests.[11]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The aurie wis oreeginally populatit bi the Finno-Ugric peoples an then colonisit bi the Novgorod Republic. In the 12t century, Totma an the surroondin auries wur awready unner the control o Novgorod. Efter the faw o Novgorod, the aurie became a pairt o the Grand Duchy o Moscow. In the 14t century, salt wis discovered in the glen o the Ledenga, an the selo o Ledengskoye (nou cried imeni Babushkina) became kent for its salt production.[12]

In the course o the admeenistrative reform carriet oot in 1708 bi Peter the Great, the aurie wis includit intae Archangelgorod Govrenorate. In 1780, the govrenorate wis abolisht, an transformit intae Totemsky Uyezd o Vologda Viceryalty. The latter wis abolisht in 1796, an the pairt o it which includit Ledengskoye wis made intae Vologda Govrenorate.

On 15 Julie 1929, several govrenorates, includin Vologda Govrenorate, wur mergit intae Northren Krai, an the uyezds wur abolisht. Insteid, Ledengsky Destrict wi the admeenistrative centre in the selo o Ledengskoye wis establisht as a pairt o Vologda Okrug. It includit pairts o the umwhile aurie o Totemsky Uyezd. In the follaein years, the first-level admeenistrative diveesion o Roushie kept chyngin. In 1936, Northren Krai wis transformit intae Northren Oblast. In 1937, Northren Oblast wis split intae Arkhangelsk Oblast an Vologda Oblast. Ledengsky Destrict remained in Vologda Oblast iver syne, but wis renamit Babushkinsky in 1941.[13] Durin the abortive Khrushchyov admeenistrative reform o the 1960s, Babushkinsky Destrict wis briefly disestablisht in 1962 an then reestablisht in 1965.[8]

In 1918, Northren Dvina Govrenorate wi the admeenistrative centre in Veliky Ustyug wis establisht on the auries previously in the northeast o Vologda Govrenorate. In 1924, the uyezds in Northren Dvina Govrenorate wur abolisht an replacit wi the destricts. On 10 Juin 1924, Roslyatinsky Destrict wis establisht, amang ithers. The admeenistrative centre o Roslyatinsky Destrict wis the selo o Roslyatino. In 1929, Northren Dvina Govrenorate wis mergit intae Northren Krai. On 30 Julie 1931, Roslyatinsky Destrict wis mergit intae Ledengsky Destrict, then in 1935 it wis re-establisht, an on 22 November 1960 Roslyatinsky Destrict wis abolisht again, an its aurie wis dividit atween Babushkinsky an Nikolsky Destricts.[8][13]

Admeenistrative an municipal diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Admeenistratively, the destrict is dividit intae fifteen selsoviets.[2] Municipally, the destrict is incorporatit as Babushkinsky Municipal Destrict an is dividit intae ten landwart dounsets.[3] The municipal destrict includes aw o the inhabitit localities o the admeenistrative destrict, as well as twa landwart localities (the dounsets o Ida an Kordon) frae Gryazovetsky Destrict an ane landwart locality (the dounset o Ilezka) frae Nyuksensky Destrict.[2][3]

Economie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The economie o the destrict is based on timber production.[11]

Agricultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

As o 2009, thare wur twal lairge-scale ferms in the destrict, maistly producin meat an milk, as well as growin crops. The agricultur is steadily shrinkin.[14]

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

A pavit road connectin Totma wi Nikolsk passes throu the destrict an, in parteecular, throu imeni Babushkina. Afore the road atween Totma an Veliky Ustyug alang the Sukhona wis completit in the first decade o the 2000s, this wis the anerlie road connectin Vologda an Totma tae Veliky Ustyug.

The anerlie railwey in the destrict is the Monza Railroad, biggit for timber transport an operatit bi the timber production authorities, which runs alang the border o Vologda an Kostroma Oblasts. The railwey crosses Babushkinsky Destrict frae wast tae east. Plans tae extend it further east tae Nikolsk wur niver implementit.[15]

Cultur an recreation[eedit | eedit soorce]

The veelage o Zhubrino
The St. Kosma an St. Damian kirk in the veelage o Logduz

The destrict contains 1 object classifee'd as cultural heritage o the federal significance (a monument tae Ivan Babushkin in the selo o imeni Babushkina) an 106 objects classifee'd as cultural an historical heritage o local significance.[16] Maist o thir are firthen ferms an kirks biggit afore 1917.

The anerlie state museum in the destrict is the Memorial Museum o Ivan Babushkin, locatit in imeni Babushkina.[17]

The Ledengsk Spa Resort in imeni Babushkina uises unnergrund lakes wi heich concentration o salt.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. a b Law #371-OZ
  2. a b c d e Resolution #178
  3. a b c d e Law #1106-OZ
  4. a b "Официальный сайт Бабушкинского муниципального района / Official website of the district administration" (in Russian). Archived frae the original on 16 Mey 2013. Retrieved 26 September 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  5. a b c Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census] (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  6. The value o density wis calculatit automatically bi dividin the 2010 Census population bi the aurie specifee'd in the infobox. Please note that this vailyie is anly approximate as the aurie specifee'd in the infobox daes nae necessarily correspond tae the aurie o the entity proper or is reportit for the same year as the population.
  7. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Govrenment o the Roushie Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of Juin 31, 2011 On Calculatin Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of Julie 03, 2016 On Amendin Federal Law "On Calculatin Time". Effective as of efter saxty days follaein the day o the offeecial publication.).
  8. a b c d "Справка об изменениях административно-территориального устройства и сети партийных и комсомольских органов на территории Вологодской области (1917–1991)" (in Russian). Архивы России. Archived frae the original on 17 September 2011. Retrieved 20 September 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  9. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (21 Mey 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population o Roushie, Its Federal Destricts, Federal Subjects, Destricts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Admeenistrative Centres, an Rural Localities wi Population o Ower 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002] (in Roushie).CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  10. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [Aw Union Population Census o 1989: Present Population o Union an Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts an Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Destricts, Urban Settlements, an Veelages Servin as Destrict Admeenistrative Centres]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [Aw-Union Population Census o 1989] (in Roushie). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute o Demografie at the Naitional Resairch Varsity: Heicher Schuil o Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  11. a b "Бабушкинский район" (in Russian). Правительство Вологодской области. Archived frae the original on 12 August 2011. Retrieved 26 September 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  12. "Село имени Бабушкина" (in Russian). Archived frae the original on 31 Mairch 2012. Retrieved 28 September 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  13. a b "История" (in Russian). Администрация Бабушкинского р-на. Archived frae the original on 17 Apryle 2013. Retrieved 28 September 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  14. "Сельское хозяйство" (in Russian). Администрация Бабушкинского р-на. Archived frae the original on 17 Apryle 2013. Retrieved 27 September 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  15. Белихов, А. Б. (2009). А.М. Белов, А.В. Новиков (ed.). Развитие железных дорог Костромского края в ХХ веке. II Романовские чтения. Центр и провинция в системе российской государственности: материалы конференции. Кострома: КГУ им. Н.А. Некрасова. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
  16. "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved 26 September 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  17. "Дом-музей И.В.Бабушкина" (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved 26 September 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №371-ОЗ от 4 июня 1999 г. «О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области», в ред. Закона №2916-ОЗ от 7 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон области "О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №124–125, 29 июля 1999 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #371-OZ of June 4, 1999 On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Law #2916-OZ of December 7, 2012 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Правительство Вологодской области. Постановление №178 от 1 марта 2010 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц Вологодской области», в ред. Постановления №686 от 25 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Постановления Правительства области». Вступил в силу 20 марта 2010 г. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №29, 20 марта 2010 г. (Government of Vologda Oblast. Resolution #178 of March 1, 2010 On Adopting the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #686 of June 25, 2012 On Amending Various Resolutions of the Oblast Government. Effective as of March 20, 2010.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №1106-ОЗ от 6 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ Бабушкинского муниципального района, границах и статусе муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав», в ред. Закона №2809-ОЗ от 5 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы области, устанавливающие границы и статус муниципальных образований области». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №242, 11 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #1106-OZ of December 6, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of Babushkinsky Municipal District, on the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #2809-OZ of July 5, 2012 On Amending Various Laws of the Oblast, Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Municipal Formations of the Oblast. Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).