Verkhovazhsky Destrict

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Verkhovazhsky Destrict
Верховажский район (Roushie)
Location of Verkhovazhsky District (Vologda Oblast).svg
Location o Verkhovazhsky Destrict in Vologda Oblast
Coordinates: 60°44′N 42°03′E / 60.733°N 42.050°E / 60.733; 42.050Coordinates: 60°44′N 42°03′E / 60.733°N 42.050°E / 60.733; 42.050
Coat of Arms of Verkhovazhsky rayon (Vologda oblast).png
Flag Verxovazhskij.jpg
Coat o airms o Verkhovazhsky Destrict
Banner o Verkhovazhsky Destrict
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Vologda Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as o March 2011)
Admeenistrative centre seloVerkhovazhye[2]
Admeenistrative diveesions:[2]
selsoviet 14
Inhabitit localities:[2]
Rural localities 230
Municipal structure (as o Mairch 2010)
Municipally incorporatit as Verkhovazhsky Municipal Destrict[3]
Municipal diveesions:[3]
Urban settlements 0
Rural settlements 13
Aurie 4,260 km2 (1,640 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census) 13,898 inhabitants[5]
• Urban 0%
• Rural 100%
Density 3.26/km2 (8.4/sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[7]
Established 15 Julie 1929[8]
Offeecial wabsteid
Verkhovazhsky Destrict on WikiCommons

Verkhovazhsky Destrict (Roushie: Верхова́жский райо́н) is a admeenistrative[1] an municipal[3] destrict (raion), ane o the twinty-sax in Vologda Oblast, Roushie. It is locatit in the north o the oblast an borders wi Velsky Destrict o Arkhangelsk Oblast in the north, Ustyansky Destrict o Arkhangelsk Oblast in the northeast, Tarnogsky Destrict in the east, Totemsky Destrict in the sooth, Syamzhensky Destrict in the soothwast, Vozhegodsky Destrict in the wast, an wi Konoshsky Destrict o Arkhangelsk Oblast in the northwast. The aurie o the destrict is 4,260 square kilometers (1,640 sq mi).[4] Its admeenistrative centre is the landwart locality (a selo) o Verkhovazhye.[2] Destrict's population: 13,898 (2010 Census);[5] 16,346 (2002 Census);[9] 18,560 (1989 Census).[10] The population o Verkhovazhye accoonts for 36.2% o the destrict's total population.[5]

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The aurie o the destrict is slichtly elongatit frae wast tae east. It is crossed frae sooth tae north bi the Vaga River (the name o the destrict's admeenistrative centre, Verkhovazhye, means leeterally "on the Upper Vaga") an its tributars, the lairgest o which are the Kuloy in the east an the Pezhma in the wast. Auries in the wast an in the soothwast o the destrict belang tae the basins o the tributars o the Kubena, in the basin o the Sukhona River. The whole aurie o the destrict belangs tae the basin o the Northren Dvina River.

Thare are mony swamps in the destrict, maist o which are locatit in the glens o the Vaga an the Kuloy. The basins o the Vaga an Kuloy Rivers are separatit bi the chain o hills which runs throu the destrict frae north tae sooth.

Forests cover 85% o the destrict's territory. In pairticular, spruce occupees 44% o aw forestit auries, birch occupees 22%, pine–25%, an aspen–3% o aw forestit auries.[11]

Thare are three natural monuments o local significance in the destrict protectin various landscapes,[12]

  • Listvennichny Bor Landscape Zakaznik (larch firth) 20 kilometers (12 mi) sooth o Verkhovazhye; protects a staund o Siberian larch
  • Verkhovazhsky Les Landscape Zakaznik, in the glen o the Vaga close tae Verkhovazhye; protects the landscapes o the Vaga glen
  • Ivoninsky Bor Landscape Zakaznik, in the glen o the Kuloy at the border wi Arkhangelsk Oblast; tae protect glacial lake landscapes

In addeetion, the Chugly Park creatit bi Illarion Dudorov 47 kilometers (29 mi) frae Verkhovazhye, is protectit as a natural monument syne 2002.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The aurie o Verkhovazhye an the upper course o the Vaga wur awready populatit in the 13t century.[13] Due tae its location on ane o the main watterweys connectin central Roushie an the White Sea (it was controlled first bi Novgorodians, an efter the faw o Novgorod wis transferred tae the Grand Duchy o Moscow), an the later construction o the surface road connectin Moscow an Arkhangelsk, bi the 17t century Verkhovazhye became a major tradin dounset. In the 18t century, industrie wis introducit, which includit a distillery, an iron wirks, an a paper production plant. In the 18t century, Verkhovazhsky Posad (currently Verkhovazhye) wis ane o the main tradin touns in the Roushie North, hauldin twa annual fairs.[13]

In the course o the admeenistrative reform carriet oot in 1708 bi Peter the Great, the aurie wis includit intae Archangelgorod Govrenorate. In 1780, the govrenorate wis abolisht an transformit intae Vologda Viceryalty. The latter wis abolisht in 1796, an the pairt o it which includit Verkhovazhye became Vologda Govrenorate. Syne 1780, the upper Vaga launds wur pairt o Velsky Uyezd wi the seat in the toun o Velsk.

In 1929, several govrenorates, includin Vologda Govrenorate, wur mergit intae Northren Krai. On 15 Julie 1929, the uyezds wur abolisht, an Velsky Uyezd wis split intae Velsky, Verkhovazhsky, an Ustyansky Destricts. Verkhovazhsky Destrict became a pairt o Nyandoma Okrug o Northren Krai.

In 1930, the okrug wis abolisht, an the destrict wis subordinatit tae the central admeenistration o Northren Krai. On 30 Julie 1931, Verkhovazhsky Destrict wis mergit intae Velsky Destrict (wi the exception o Zhikhovsky Selsoviet, which wis transferred tae Totemsky Destrict), an on 25 Januar 1935, it wis re-establisht.[8][14] In 1936, the krai wis transformit intae Northren Oblast, which, in turn, wis split intae Arkhangelsk Oblast an Vologda Oblast in 1937. Verkhovazhsky Destrict remained in Vologda Oblast iver syne.

Economie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Industrie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The economie o the destrict is based on timber industrie, which is, housomeivver, declinin steadily. Thare is fuid industrie an aw, mainly bread bakkin.[15]

Agricultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 2010, three collective ferms, eleiven privately awned mid-scale ferms, an ane private smaw-scale ferms operatit in the destrict. The main agricultural specializations wur cattle breedin an flax growin. The flax growin, which wis a tradeetional occupation o the peasants in the aurie, is considered tae be a priority.[15]

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ane o the principal heich-gates in Roushie, M8, which connects Moscow an Arkhangelsk, crosses the destrict frae sooth tae north, bipassin Verkhovazhye. Thare are local roads an aw, wi the bus traffic oreeginatin frae Verkhovazhye.

Nane o the rivers are navigable athin the limits o the destrict.

Cultur an recreation[eedit | eedit soorce]

The destrict contains 174 objects classifee'd as cultural an historical heritage o local significance.[16] Maist o these are firthen ferms an kirks built prior tae 1917.

The anerlie state museum in the destrict is the Historical Museum o Verkhovazhsky Destrict, locatit in the selo o Verkhovazhye.[17]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Law #371-OZ
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Resolution #178
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Law #1110-OZ
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Верховажский район сегодня" (in Russian). Администрация Верховажского муниципального района. Retrieved October 10, 2011. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census) (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. The value o density wis calculatit automatically bi dividin the 2010 Census population bi the aurie specifee'd in the infobox. Please note that this vailyie is anly approximate as the aurie specifee'd in the infobox daes nae necessarily correspond tae the aurie o the entity proper or is reportit for the same year as the population.
  7. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Govrenment o the Roushie Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of Juin 31, 2011 On Calculatin Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of Julie 03, 2016 On Amendin Federal Law "On Calculatin Time". Effective as of efter saxty days follaein the day o the offeecial publication.).
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Справка об изменениях административно-территориального устройства и сети партийных и комсомольских органов на территории Вологодской области (1917-1991)" (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved October 10, 2011. 
  9. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population o Roushie, Its Federal Destricts, Federal Subjects, Destricts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Admeenistrative Centres, an Rural Localities wi Population o Ower 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002] (in Roushie). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [Aw Union Population Census o 1989: Present Population o Union an Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts an Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Destricts, Urban Settlements, an Veelages Servin as Destrict Admeenistrative Centres]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [Aw-Union Population Census o 1989] (in Roushie). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute o Demografie at the Naitional Resairch Varsity: Heicher Schuil o Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. "География Верховажского района" (in Russian). Администрация Верховажского муниципального района. Retrieved October 10, 2011. 
  12. "Природа Верховажского района" (in Russian). Администрация Верховажского муниципального района. Retrieved October 11, 2011. 
  13. 13.0 13.1 "Историческая справка" (in Russian). Центральная библиотека Верховажья. Retrieved October 11, 2011. 
  14. "История Верховажского района" (in Russian). Администрация Верховажского муниципального района. Retrieved October 11, 2011. 
  15. 15.0 15.1 "Социально-экономическое развитие района" (in Russian). Администрация Верховажского муниципального района. Retrieved October 11, 2011. 
  16. "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved October 10, 2011. 
  17. "Верховажский районный исторический музей" (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved October 10, 2011. 

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №371-ОЗ от 4 июня 1999 г. «О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области», в ред. Закона №2916-ОЗ от 7 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон области "О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №124–125, 29 июля 1999 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #371-OZ of June 4, 1999 On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Law #2916-OZ of December 7, 2012 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Правительство Вологодской области. Постановление №178 от 1 марта 2010 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц Вологодской области», в ред. Постановления №686 от 25 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Постановления Правительства области». Вступил в силу 20 марта 2010 г. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №29, 20 марта 2010 г. (Government of Vologda Oblast. Resolution #178 of March 1, 2010 On Adopting the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #686 of June 25, 2012 On Amending Various Resolutions of the Oblast Government. Effective as of March 20, 2010.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №1110-ОЗ от 6 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ Верховажского муниципального района, границах и статусе муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав», в ред. Закона №2809-ОЗ от 5 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы области, устанавливающие границы и статус муниципальных образований области». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №242, 11 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #1110-OZ of December 6, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of Verkhovazhsky Municipal District, on the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #2809-OZ of July 5, 2012 On Amending Various Laws of the Oblast, Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Municipal Formations of the Oblast. Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).