Northren Krai

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Northren Krai
Северный Край
Krai o the Soviet Union
1929–1936
Caipital Arkhangelsk
History
 -  Established 15 Julie 1929
 -  Disestablished 5 Dizember 1936
Poleetical subdiveesions 5 okrugs
1 autonomous oblast

Northren Krai (Roushie: Северный край, Severny Krai) wis a krai (a first-level admeenistrative an municipal unit) o the Roushie Soviet Federative Socialist Republic frae 1929 tae 1936.[1] Its seat wis in the ceety o Arkhangelsk. The krai wis locatit in the North o European Roushie, an its territory is currently dividit atween Arkhangelsk, Vologda, Kostroma, an Kirov Oblasts, the Nenets Autonomous Okrug, an the Komi Republic.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The krai wis establisht on 14 Januar 1929 bi the Aw-Roushie Central Executive Committee. The territory o the krai wis formit frae three govrenorates (Arkhangelsk, Vologda, an Northren Dvina) an the Komi-Zyryan Autonomous Oblast.[2]

On 15 Julie 1929 the Aw-Roushie Central Executive Committee issued a decree splittin Northren Krai (wi the exception o the Komi-Zyryan Autonomous Oblast, which remain as a single unit wi the seat in Ust-Sysolsk, an the islands o Vaygach, Kolguev, Matveyev, Novaya Zemlya, Solovetsky Islands, an Franz Josef Land) intae five admeenistrative destricts (okrugs)[3]

Afore the krai wis establisht, the diveesion o its constituent govrenorates mixed the auld diveesion inheritit frae the Roushie Empire (uyezds) wi the new ane (destricts, or raions). The same decree establisht the diveesion o the krai intae destricts. Aw okrugs an the Komi-Zyryan Autonomous Oblast wur dividit intae destricts, an the Airctic ocean islands remained subordinate tae the Krai executive committee.

The follaein destricts have been establisht,[3]

In Julie 1930, the Okrugs hae been abolisht. The Nenets Okrug became the autonomous unit, the Komi-Zyryan Autonomous Oblast remained intact, an the destricts which wur pairt o the fower ither Okrugs became directly subordinate tae the Krai goventment. Bi 25 August 1930 the Krai consistit o[2]

  • Ceeties o Arkhangelsk an Vologda;
  • Nenets National Destrict (consistin o Bolshezemelsky, Kanino-Timansky, an Pustozersky destricts);
  • Komi-Zyryan Autonomous Oblast (Izhemsky, Priluzsky, Storozhevsky, Syktyvkarsky, Sysolsky, Troitsko-Pechorsky, Udorsky, Ust-Kulomsky, Ust-Usinsky, Ust-Tsylemsky, an Ust-Vymsky destricts);
  • Fifty destricts o central subordination: Bereznikovsky, Chekuyevsky, Cherevkovsky, Chyobsarsky, Gryazovetsky, Kargopolsky, Karpogorsky, Kharovsky, Kholmogorsky, Kichmengsko-Gorodetsky, Kokshengsky, Konoshsky, Kotlassky, Krasnoborsky, Kubeno-Ozersky, Lalsky, Ledengsky, Lensky, Leshukonsky, Mezensky, Nikolsky, Nyuksensky, Nyandomsky, Onezhsky, Oparinsky, Pinezhsky, Plesetsky, Podosinovsky, Primorsky, Priozyorny, Rovdinsky, Roslyatinsky, Shenkursky, Shuysky, Sukhonsky, Sverdlovsky, Syamzhensky, Tolshmensky, Totemsky, Ust-Kubinsky, Ustyansky, Velikoustyuzhsky, Velsky, Verkhnetoyemsky, Verkhovazhsky, Vilegodsky, Vologodsky, Vokhomsky, Vozhegodsky, Yemetsky;
  • Islands in the Airctic Ocean an Solovetsky Islands.

Atween 1930 an 1935 thare wur constant chynges in the destrict configuration, some destricts wur abolisht, establisht, an renamit. On 10 Februar 1934, Novaya Zemlya, Vaygach, an a nummer o smawer islands in the Barents an Kara Seas wur muivit tae the Nenets Naitional Okrug. Bi 1936, the Krai includit 65 destricts.[2]

On 5 Mairch 1936, Pechorsky Okrug which wis a pairt o the Northren Krai wis establisht. The Okrug includit three destricts, Izhemsky, Ust-Tsilemsky, and Ust-Usinsky, an a pairt o Troitsko-Pechorsky Destrict. This wis relatit due tae the beginnin o the coal minin in the north o wha is nou the Komi Republic.

Accordin tae the 1936 Soviet Constitution, Northren Krai wis abolisht, an its territory wis dividit atween newly establisht Northren Oblast an Komi Republic. Northren Oblast includit 54 destricts an wis in 1937 split intae Arkhangelsk an Vologda Oblasts. Three o the destricts o Northren Krai, Lalsky, Oparinsky, an Podosinovsky, as the result o some later admeenistrative chynges, endit up in Kirov Oblast. Pavinsky an Vokhomsky Destrict wur later transferred intae Kostroma Oblast.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]