Tarnogsky Destrict

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Tarnogsky Destrict
Тарногский район (Roushie)
Location of Tarnogsky District (Vologda Oblast).svg
Location o Tarnogsky Destrict in Vologda Oblast
Coordinates: 60°30′N 43°33′E / 60.500°N 43.550°E / 60.500; 43.550Coordinates: 60°30′N 43°33′E / 60.500°N 43.550°E / 60.500; 43.550
Flag of Tarnogsky rayon (Vologda oblast).png
Coat o airms o Tarnogsky Destrict
Banner o Tarnogsky Destrict
Federal subjectVologda Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as o Mairch 2012)
Admeenistrative centreseloTarnogsky Gorodok[2]
Admeenistrative diveesions:[2]
Inhabitit localities:[2]
Rural localities265
Municipal structure (as o May 2010)
Municipally incorporatit asTarnogsky Municipal Destrict[3]
Municipal diveesions:[3]
Urban settlements0
Rural settlements6
Aurie5,200 km2 (2,000 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census)12,838 inhabitants[5]
• Urban0%
• Rural100%
Density2.47/km2 (6.4/sq mi)[6]
Time zoneMSK (UTC+03:00)[7]
Established15 Januar 1935[8]
Offeecial wabsteid
Tarnogsky Destrict on WikiCommons

Tarnogsky Destrict (Roushie: Та́рногский райо́н) is a admeenistrative[1] an municipal[3] destrict (raion), ane o the twinty-sax in Vologda Oblast, Roushie. It is locatit in the northeast o the oblast an borders wi Ustyansky Destrict o Arkhangelsk Oblast in the north, Nyuksensky Destrict in the east, Totemsky Destrict in the sooth, an wi Verkhovazhsky Destrict in the wast. The aurie o the destrict is 5,200 square kilometers (2,000 sq mi).[4] Its admeenistrative centre is the landwart locality (a selo) o Tarnogsky Gorodok.[2] Destrict's population: 12,838 (2010 Census);[5] 15,363 (2002 Census);[9] 17,402 (1989 Census).[10] The population o Tarnogsky Gorodok accoonts for 41.8% o the destrict's total population.[5]

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The destrict is locatit at the divide atween the Sukhona an the Vaga Rivers an belangs thus tae the Northern Dvina's basin. The Sukhona forms the sootheastren border o the destrict. The northeastren pairt o the destrict lees in the basin o the Uftyuga River, the left tributar o the Sukhona. The Uftyuga, as well as its main tributar the Sulonga, flow throu the destrict. The rivers in the central, northren, an wastren pairts o the destrict flow intae the Kokshenga River, the richt tributar o the Vaga. The main tributars o the Kokshenga athin the destrict are the Ileza an the Uftyuga (a different one from the tributar o the Sukhona).

Amaist the whole o the destrict is covered bi coniferous forests (taiga). The exception are the meadaes in the floodplains.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The aurie wis oreeginally populatit bi the Finno-Ugric fowks an then colonisit bi the Novgorod Republic. Novgorod merchants uised the Sukhona River as ane o the main waterweys leadin tae the White Sea an the Pechora. Awready in the 12t century, Totma an the surroondin auries wur unner Novgorod's control. Efter the faw o Novgorod, the aurie became a pairt o the Grand Duchy o Moscow. Tarnogsky Gorodok wis first mentioned in the chronicles in 1453.[8] The aurie producit crops, an the Kokshenga an the Vaga wur uised tae transport bread tae Arkhangelsk.

In the course o the admeenistrative reform carriet oot in 1708 bi Peter the Great, the aurie wis includit intae Vazhsky Uyezd o Archangelgorod Govrenorate. In 1780, the govrenorate wis abolisht an transformit intae Vologda Viceroyalty. The latter wis abolisht in 1796, an the pairt o it which includit Tarnogsky Gorodok became Vologda Govrenorate. The aurie became a pairt o Totemsky Volost wi the seat in Totma. In the 1890s, Tarnogsky Gorodok became the seat o Shevdenitskaya Volost.[8]

On 15 Julie 1929, several govrenorates, includin Vologda Govrenorate, wur mergit intae Northren Krai, an the uyezds wur abolisht. Insteid, Kokshengsky Destrict wi the admeenistrative centre in the selo o Tarnogsky Gorodok wis establisht as a pairt o Vologda Okrug. It includit pairts o the umwhile aurie Totemsky Uyezd. On 30 Julie 1931, Kokshengsky Destrict an the neebourin Sukhonsky Destrict wur abolisht, an Nyuksensky Destrict wi the admeenistrative centre in the selo o Nyuksenitsa wis establisht. On 25 Januar 1935, Tarnogsky Destrict wi the admeenistrative centre in Tarnogsky Gorodok wis establisht on the territories umwhile in Nyuksensky an Totemsky Destricts.[8] In the follaein years, the first-level admeenistrative diveesion o Roushie kept chyngin. In 1936, Northren Krai wis transformit intae Northern Oblast. In 1937, Northren Oblast itsel wis split intae Arkhangelsk Oblast an Vologda Oblast. Tarnogsky Destrict remained in Vologda Oblast iver syne wi the exception o the short period in 1962-1965, when some o the destricts wur mergit.

Economie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Industrie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The economy o the destrict is based on timber industrie.[11] Fuid industrie is present an aw; in pairticular, thare is a butter factory in Tarnogsky Gorodok an a fuid factory in the selo o Krasnoye.

Agriculture[eedit | eedit soorce]

Thare are saxteen ferms in the destrict: thirteen o thaim produce milk, twa produce meat, an ane produces eggs.[12]

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tarnogsky Gorodok staunds on the pavit road connectin Oktyabrsky in Arkhangelsk Oblast in the north wi Totma in the sooth an Veliky Ustyug in the east. A short stretch o the road connectin Vologda an Veliky Ustyg runs athin the limits o the destrict alang the left bank o the Sukhona. Thare are local roads in the destrict an aw. Thare is regular passenger bus service oreeginatin frae Tarnogsky Gorodok.

While the Sukhona is navigable athin the destrict, thare is nae passenger navigation.

Tarnogsky Gorodok wis servit bi the Tarnogsky Gorodok Airport which is currently defunct.[13]

Cultur an recreation[eedit | eedit soorce]

The destrict contains 4 objects classifee'd as cultural an historical heritage bi the Roushie Federal law, an addeetionally 123 objects classifee'd as cultural an historical heritage o local importance.[14] Maist o these are firthen ferms an kirks built prior tae 1917.

The objects protectit at the federal level are:

  • The Potsky Pogost, in the veelage o Kaplinskaya, consistin o the firthen St. George Kirk (1700) an the brickstane St. Iliya Kirk (1858). The firthen kirk wis muivit tae the Semyonkovo Open Air Museum, whareas the brickstane kirk is vera hintle neglectit.
  • The Aw Saunts Kirk in the veelage o Baklanovskoye.

The anerlie state museum in the destrict is the Museum o Tradeetional Fowk Cultur in Tarnogsky Gorodok.[15] The ethnographic depairtment o the museum is locatit in the veelage o Zarechye.[16]

Airtist Dzhanna Tutundzhan livit in the veelage o Sergiyevskaya frae the 1960s till her daith in 2011, an mony o her canvasses wur inspired bi the surroondin landscapes.[17]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Law #371-OZ
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Resolution #178
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Law #1123-OZ
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Характеристика района" (in Russian). Администрация Тарногского муниципального района. Retrieved August 30, 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census] (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  6. The value o density wis calculatit automatically bi dividin the 2010 Census population bi the aurie specifee'd in the infobox. Please note that this vailyie is anly approximate as the aurie specifee'd in the infobox daes nae necessarily correspond tae the aurie o the entity proper or is reportit for the same year as the population.
  7. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Govrenment o the Roushie Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of Juin 31, 2011 On Calculatin Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of Julie 03, 2016 On Amendin Federal Law "On Calculatin Time". Effective as of efter saxty days follaein the day o the offeecial publication.).
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 "Историческая справка" (in Russian). Администрация Тарногского муниципального района. Retrieved August 30, 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  9. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (21 May 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population o Roushie, Its Federal Destricts, Federal Subjects, Destricts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Admeenistrative Centres, an Rural Localities wi Population o Ower 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002] (in Roushie).CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  10. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [Aw Union Population Census o 1989: Present Population o Union an Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts an Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Destricts, Urban Settlements, an Veelages Servin as Destrict Admeenistrative Centres]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [Aw-Union Population Census o 1989] (in Roushie). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute o Demografie at the Naitional Resairch Varsity: Heicher Schuil o Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  11. "Ведущие предприятия района" (in Russian). Tannogsky Gorodok: Администрация Тарногского муниципального района. Retrieved August 30, 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  12. "Сельское хозяйство" (in Russian). Администрация Тарногского муниципального района. Retrieved August 30, 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  13. "Транспорт" (in Russian). Администрация Тарногского муниципального района. Retrieved August 31, 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  14. "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved August 30, 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  15. "Музей традиционной народной культуры" (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved August 30, 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  16. "Достопримечательности" (in Russia). Администрация Тарногского муниципального района. Retrieved August 30, 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  17. Шеваров, Дмитрий (February 24, 2011). "Любимое окно Джанны Тутунджан". Rossiyskaya Gazeta (in Russian) (5414 (38)).CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №371-ОЗ от 4 июня 1999 г. «О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области», в ред. Закона №2916-ОЗ от 7 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон области "О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №124–125, 29 июля 1999 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #371-OZ of June 4, 1999 On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Law #2916-OZ of December 7, 2012 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Правительство Вологодской области. Постановление №178 от 1 марта 2010 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц Вологодской области», в ред. Постановления №686 от 25 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Постановления Правительства области». Вступил в силу 20 марта 2010 г. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №29, 20 марта 2010 г. (Government of Vologda Oblast. Resolution #178 of March 1, 2010 On Adopting the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #686 of June 25, 2012 On Amending Various Resolutions of the Oblast Government. Effective as of March 20, 2010.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №1123-ОЗ от 6 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ Тарногского муниципального района, границах и статусе муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав», в ред. Закона №2809-ОЗ от 5 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы области, устанавливающие границы и статус муниципальных образований области». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №242, 11 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #1123-OZ of December 6, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of Tarnogsky Municipal District, on the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #2809-OZ of July 5, 2012 On Amending Various Laws of the Oblast, Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Municipal Formations of the Oblast. Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).