Nyuksensky Destrict

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Nyuksensky Destrict
Нюксенский район (Roushie)
Location of Nyuksensky District (Vologda Oblast).svg
Location o Nyuksensky Destrict in Vologda Oblast
Coordinates: 60°25′N 44°14′E / 60.417°N 44.233°E / 60.417; 44.233Coordinates: 60°25′N 44°14′E / 60.417°N 44.233°E / 60.417; 44.233
Coat of Arms of Nyuksensky rayon (Vologda oblast).png
Flag of Nyuksensky rayon (Vologda oblast).png
Coat o airms o Nyuksensky Destrict
Banner o Nyuksensky Destrict
Location
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Vologda Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as o March 2010)
Admeenistrative centre seloNyuksenitsa[2]
Admeenistrative diveesions:[2]
selsoviet 11
Inhabitit localities:[2]
Rural localities 138
Municipal structure (as o June 2010)
Municipally incorporatit as Nyuksensky Municipal Destrict[3]
Municipal diveesions:[3]
Urban settlements 0
Rural settlements 4
Stateestics
Aurie 5,167.42 km2 (1,995.15 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census) 9,777 inhabitants[5]
• Urban 0%
• Rural 100%
Density 1.89/km2 (4.9/sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[7]
Established 10 Juin 1924[8]
Offeecial wabsteid
Nyuksensky Destrict on WikiCommons

Nyuksensky Destrict (Roushie: Ню́ксенский райо́н) is an admeenistrative[1] an municipal[3] destrict (raion), ane o the twinty-sax in Vologda Oblast, Roushie. It is locatit in the northeast o the oblast an borders wi Ustyansky Destrict o Arkhangelsk Oblast in the north, Velikoustyugsky Destrict in the east, Kichmengsko-Gorodetsky Destrict in the sootheast, Babushkinsky Destrict in the sooth, Totemsky Destrict in the soothwast, an wi Tarnogsky Destrict in the wast. The aurie o the destrict is 5,167.42 square kilometers (1,995.15 sq mi).[4] Its admeenistrative centre is the landwart locality (a selo) o Nyuksenitsa.[2] Destrict's population: 9,777 (2010 Census);[5] 11,714 (2002 Census);[9] 13,287 (1989 Census).[10] The population o Nyuksenitsa accoonts for 43.7% o the destrict's total population.[5]

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The destrict is locatit on baith banks o the Sukhona River. Is is elongatit frae north tae sooth an dividit bi the Sukhona roughly intae twa equal pairts. The major pairt o the destrict belangs tae the basin o the Sukhona an twa o its tributars: the Uftyuga (left) an the Gorodishna (richt). The rivers in the north o the destrict drain intae the Ustya River basin an thus intae the basin o the Vaga, a major tributar o the Northren Dvina. Some rivers in the sootheast o the district drain intae the Kichmenga an the Sharzhenga, left tributars o the Yug River. The whole destrict belangs tae the basin o the Northren Dvina.

The destrict is amaist completely covered bi coniferous forests (taiga). The exception are the meadaes in the floodplains.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The aurie wis oreeginally populatit bi the Finno-Ugric peoples an then colonisit bi the Novgorod Republic (Totma) an Vladimir-Suzdal Principality (Veliky Ustyug). The Novgorod merchants uised the Sukhona River as ane o the main watterweys leadin tae the White Sea an the Pechora. Efter the faw o Novgorod, the aurie became a pairt o the Grand Duchy o Moscow. The veelage o Bobrovy Yam (currently Bobrovskoye) wis mentioned in the chronicles in 1425.[4] Nyuksenitsa was first mentioned in 1619.[11]

In the course o the admeenistrative reform carriet oot in 1708 bi Peter the Great, the aurie wis includit intae Archangelgorod Govrenorate. In 1780, the govrenorate wis abolisht an transformit intae Vologda Viceryalty. The latter wis abolisht in 1796, an the pairt o it which includit Nyuksenitsa became Vologda Govrenorate. It wis includit intae Velikoustyugsky Uyezd. In 1918, the aurie wis transferred tae the newly establisht Northren Dvina Govrenorate, an in 1924 the uyezds wur abolisht in favor o the new diveesions, the destricts (raions).

Nyuksensky Destrict wis established on 10 Juin 1924 an includit auries o umwhile Solvychegodsky an Velikoustyugsky Uyezds. On 27 Februar 1928, it wis renamit Sukhonsky Destrict. In 1929, Northren Dvina Govrenorate wis mergit intae Northren Krai, an Kokshengsky Destrict wis establisht. On 30 Julie 1931, Sukhonsky an Kokshengsky Destricts wur mergit, an Nyuksensky Destrict wis re-establisht, wi the admeenistrative centre locatit in Nyuksenitsa. In 1935, Tarnogsky Destrict wis split aff frae Nyuksensky Destrict.[8] In 1936, Northren Krai wis transformit intae Northern Oblast, an in 1937, Northren Oblast itsel wis split intae Arkhangelsk Oblast an Vologda Oblast. Nyuksensky Destrict remained in Vologda Oblast iver syne.

Admeenistrative an municipal diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Landwart dounsets o Nyuksensky Municipal Destrict (in Roushie)

Admeenistratively, the destrict is dividit intae eleiven selsoviets.[2] Municipally, the destrict is incorporatit as Nyuksensky Municipal Destrict an is dividit intae fower landwart dounsets.[3] The municipal destrict includes aw o the inhabitit localities o the admeenistrative destrict, wi the exception o the dounset o Ilezka,[2] which is municipally a pairt o Babushkinsky Destrict.[3]

Economie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Industrie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The economy o the destrict is based on timber production. Thare is some fuid industrie present, includin a milk factory in Nyuksenitsa.[12]

Agricultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Thare is cattle fermin in the destrict, which is still in creesis efter the faw in the 1990s.[12] The aurie o the agricultural auries in the destrict is 313 square kilometers (121 sq mi). Anither 5,106 square kilometers (1,971 sq mi) are huntin grunds.[4]Template:Contradict-inline

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Nyuksenitsa staunds on the road connectin Vologda an Veliky Ustyug, an in Nyuksenitsa the road muives ower the brig frae the left bank tae the richt bank o the Sukhona. Anither pavit road branches aff in Nyuksenitsa northwast tae Tarnogsky Gorodok an further tae Oktyabrsky in Arkhangelsk Oblast. Thare is regular passenger bus service on baith roads.

The Sukhona is navigable athin the destrict; housomeivver, thare is nae passenger navigation.

Nyuksenitsa haes an ile-pumpin station in the Baltic Pipeline System.[12]

Cultur an recreation[eedit | eedit soorce]

The destrict contains 130 objects classifee'd as cultural an historical heritage o local importance.[13] Maist o these are firthen ferms an kirks built prior tae 1917.

The anerlie state museum in the destrict is the Nyuksenitsa Regional Museum, locatit in Nyuksenitsa.[14]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Law #371-OZ
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Resolution #178
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Law #1120-OZ
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Паспорт Нюксенского муниципального района" (in Russian). Администрация Нюксенского муниципального района. Retrieved August 31, 2011. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census) (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. The value o density wis calculatit automatically bi dividin the 2010 Census population bi the aurie specifee'd in the infobox. Please note that this vailyie is anly approximate as the aurie specifee'd in the infobox daes nae necessarily correspond tae the aurie o the entity proper or is reportit for the same year as the population.
  7. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Govrenment o the Roushie Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of Juin 31, 2011 On Calculatin Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of Julie 03, 2016 On Amendin Federal Law "On Calculatin Time". Effective as of efter saxty days follaein the day o the offeecial publication.).
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Справка об изменениях административно-территориального устройства и сети партийных и комсомольских органов на территории Вологодской области (1917-1991)" (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved August 31, 2011. 
  9. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population o Roushie, Its Federal Destricts, Federal Subjects, Destricts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Admeenistrative Centres, an Rural Localities wi Population o Ower 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002] (in Roushie). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [Aw Union Population Census o 1989: Present Population o Union an Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts an Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Destricts, Urban Settlements, an Veelages Servin as Destrict Admeenistrative Centres]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [Aw-Union Population Census o 1989] (in Roushie). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute o Demografie at the Naitional Resairch Varsity: Heicher Schuil o Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. "Нюксенский район" (in Russian). Культура в Вологодской области. Archived frae the oreeginal on July 24, 2012. Retrieved August 31, 2011. 
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 "Паспорт Нюксенского муниципального района, стр.2" (in Russian). Администрация Нюксенского муниципального района. Retrieved August 31, 2011. 
  13. "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved September 1, 2011. 
  14. "Нюксенский районный краеведческий музей" (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved September 1, 2011. 

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №371-ОЗ от 4 июня 1999 г. «О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области», в ред. Закона №2916-ОЗ от 7 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон области "О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №124–125, 29 июля 1999 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #371-OZ of June 4, 1999 On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Law #2916-OZ of December 7, 2012 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Правительство Вологодской области. Постановление №178 от 1 марта 2010 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц Вологодской области», в ред. Постановления №686 от 25 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Постановления Правительства области». Вступил в силу 20 марта 2010 г. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №29, 20 марта 2010 г. (Government of Vologda Oblast. Resolution #178 of March 1, 2010 On Adopting the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #686 of June 25, 2012 On Amending Various Resolutions of the Oblast Government. Effective as of March 20, 2010.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №1120-ОЗ от 6 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ Нюксенского муниципального района, границах и статусе муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав», в ред. Закона №2809-ОЗ от 5 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы области, устанавливающие границы и статус муниципальных образований области». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №242, 11 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #1120-OZ of December 6, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of Nyuksensky Municipal District, on the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #2809-OZ of July 5, 2012 On Amending Various Laws of the Oblast, Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Municipal Formations of the Oblast. Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).