Sheksninsky Destrict

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Sheksninsky Destrict
Шекснинский район (Roushie)
Location of Sheksninsky District (Vologda Oblast).svg
Location o Sheksninsky Destrict in Vologda Oblast
Coordinates: 59°13′N 38°30′E / 59.217°N 38.500°E / 59.217; 38.500Coordinates: 59°13′N 38°30′E / 59.217°N 38.500°E / 59.217; 38.500
Coat of Arms of Sheksna rayon (Vologda oblast).png
Flag of Sheksninsky rayon (Vologda oblast).png
Coat o airms o Sheksninsky Destrict Banner o Sheksninsky Destrict
Admeenistrative status (as o June 2012)
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Vologda Oblast[1]
Admeenistrative center wirk dounsetSheksna[2]
# o urban-teep dounsets 2[2]
# o Selsovietss 15[2]
# o Landwart localities 374[2]
Municipal status (as o April 2010)
Municipally incorporatit as Sheksninsky Municipal Destrict[3]
- # o urban dounsets 2[3]
- # o landwart dounsets 13[3]
Statistics
Aurie 2,500 km2 (970 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
33,375 inhabitants[5]
- Urban population 67.1%
- Landwart population 32.9%
Density 13/km2 (34/sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[7]
Established January 12, 1965[8]
Offeecial wabsteid

Sheksninsky Destrict (Roushie: Шексни́нский райо́н) is a admeenistrative[1] an municipal[3] destrict (raion), ane o the twinty-sax in Vologda Oblast, Roushie. It is locatit in the centre o the oblast an borders wi Kirillovsky Destrict in the north, Vologodsky Destrict in the east, Poshekhonsky Destrict o Yaroslavl Oblast in the sooth, an wi Cherepovetsky Destrict in the wast. The aurie o the destrict is 2,500 square kilometers (970 sq mi).[4] Its admeenistrative centre is the urban locality (a wirk dounset) o Sheksna.[2] Population: 33,375 (2010 Census);[5] 36,007 (2002 Census);[9] 34,679 (1989 Census).[10] The population o Sheksna accoonts for 62.8% o the destrict's total population.[5]

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sheksninsky Destrict is locatit on baith banks o the Sheksna River, wi the wastren (richt-bank) pairt bein considerably smawer than the eastren (left-bank) ane. The Sheksna wis turned intae the Sheksna Reservoir upstream o the dounset o Sheksna, an dounstream o that dounset it flows its natural course. A major pairt o the destrict belangs tae the basin o the Sheksna, wi the exception o its sootheastren corner, which is dividit atween the basins o the Sogozha an the Vologda Rivers. As the Vologda belangs tae the basin o the Northren Dvina, an baith the Sheksna an the Sogozha belang tae the basin o the Volga, the destrict is crossed bi the divide atween the basins o the White an the Caspian Seas.

The landscape o the destrict is flat, wi lairge auries allocatit for agricultur. The remainin territory is covered bi firths.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Sheksna River wis aye ane o the main waterweys connectin central Roushie wi Loch Onega an wi the Northren Dvina. The selo o Nikolskoye, currently the wirk dounset o Sheksna, haes been kent syne 1590.

In the course o the admeenistrative reform carriet oot in 1708 bi Peter the Great, the east o the current aurie o the destrict wis includit intae Archangelgorod Govrenorate. In 1780, Arkhangelogorod Govrenorate wis abolished an transformit intae Vologda Viceryalty, an in 1796 the latter wis split intae Arkhangelsk an Vologda Govrenorates. Wha is nou Sheksninsky Destrict wis then a pairt o Vologodsky Uyezd o Vologda Govrenorate.

On 15 Julie 1929, several govrenorates, includin Vologda Govrenorate, wur mergit intae Northren Krai, an the uyezds wur abolished. Insteid, Chyobsarsky Destrict wi the admeenistrative center in the railwey station o Chyobsara (which is nou a urban-teep dounset) wis established as a pairt o Vologda Okrug. In 1936, Northren Krai wis transformit intae Northren Oblast. In 1937, Northren Oblast wis split intae Arkhangelsk Oblast an Vologda Oblast. Chyobsarsky Destrict remained in Vologda Oblast.[8]

The wastren pairt o the aurie wis in 1708 includit intae Ingermanland Govrenorate (kent syne 1710 as Saunt Petersburg Govrenorate). In 1727, separate Novgorod Govrenorate wis split aff. The aurie became a pairt o Ustyuzhensky Uyezd o Belozersk Oblast o Novgorod Govrenorate. In 1776, the aurie wis transferred tae Novgorod Viceryalty. In 1777, Cherepovetsky Uyezd wis established, an the aurie wis transferred tae it. In 1796, the viceryalty wis abolished, an the aurie wis transferred tae Novgorod Govrenorate. Cherepovetsky Uyezd wis abolished an mergit intae Ustyuzhensky Uyezd. Housomeivver, in 1802 Cherepovetsky Uyezd wis re-established.

In Juin 1918, five uyezds o Novgorod Govrenorate, includin Cherepovetsky Uyezd, wur split aff tae shape Cherepovets Govrenorate, wi the admeenistrative center in Cherepovets. On August 1, 1927, Cherepovets Govrenorate wis abolished, an its aurie became Cherepovets Okrug o Leningrad Oblast. Simultaneously, the uyezds wur abolished, an Prisheksninsky Destrict wi the admeenistrative center o Nikolskoye (currently Sheksna) wis established. On September 23, 1937, Prisheksninsky Destrict wis transferred tae newly established Vologda Oblast.[8]

In 1954, the selo o Nikolskoye, the admeenistrative center o Prisheksninsky Destrict, wis grantit urban-teep dounset status an renamit Sheksna. In 1959, Prisheksninsky Destrict wis abolished an mergit wi Chyobsarsky Destrict. On 13 Dizember 1962, as a pairt o a abortive Khrushchev's admeenistrative reform, Chyobsarsky Destrict wis abolished as well an split atween Vologodsky an Cherepovetsky Destricts.

On 12 Januar 1965, Sheksninsky Destrict wi the admeenistrative centre in Sheksna wis established.[8]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Industry[eedit | eedit soorce]

The economy o the destrict is based on fuid industry an timber industry.[11] The Sheksna Hydropouer Plant, locatit in Sheksna, is a major energy producer.

Agricultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Agricultur in the destrict is based on production o meat, milk, an eggs.[11]

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

A114 highway, connectin Vologda tae Cherepovets an St. Petersburg, crosses the destrict frae east tae wast, passin Sheksna. Thare are local roads an aw.

The railwey connectin Vologda wi Cherepovets an St. Petersburg crosses the destrict frae east tae wast. Thare are railwey stations in baith Sheksna an Chyobsara.

The Sheksna is navigable athin the destrict an is a pairt o the Volga–Easter Waterwey (umwhile kent as the Mariinsk Canal System), which connects the Rybinsk Reservoir in the basin o the Volga River an Loch Onega in the basin o the Neva.

Cultur an recreation[eedit | eedit soorce]

The St. Nicholas Kirk in Sizma

The anerly museum in the destrict is the Historical an Cultural Center, locatit in Sheksna. It displays collections on local history, as well as temporar exhibeetions.[12]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Law #371-OZ
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Resolution #178
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Law #1130-OZ
  4. 4.0 4.1 Судаков, Г. В. (2006). Г. В. Судаков, ed. Вологодская энциклопедия (PDF) (in Russian). Вологда: ВГПУ, Русь. p. 541. ISBN 5-87822-305-8. Retrieved November 23, 2011. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census) (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved Juin 29, 2012. 
  6. The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 05 апреля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of April 05, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 "Справка об изменениях административно-территориального устройства и сети партийных и комсомольских органов на территории Вологодской области (1917-1991)" (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved November 21, 2011. 
  9. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (Mey 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Roushie). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Roushie). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Общая характеристика района" (in Russian). Администрация Шекснинского муниципального района. Retrieved November 22, 2011. 
  12. "Центр истории и культуры" (in Russian). Администрация Шекснинского муниципального района. Retrieved November 22, 2011. 

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №371-ОЗ от 4 июня 1999 г. «О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области», в ред. Закона №2916-ОЗ от 7 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон области "О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №124–125, 29 июля 1999 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #371-OZ of June 4, 1999 On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Law #2916-OZ of December 7, 2012 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Правительство Вологодской области. Постановление №178 от 1 марта 2010 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц Вологодской области», в ред. Постановления №686 от 25 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Постановления Правительства области». Вступил в силу 20 марта 2010 г. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №29, 20 марта 2010 г. (Government of Vologda Oblast. Resolution #178 of March 1, 2010 On Adopting the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #686 of June 25, 2012 On Amending Various Resolutions of the Oblast Government. Effective as of March 20, 2010.).
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