Leet o prime meenisters o the Unitit Kinrick

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pentin o Robert Walpole
pentin o William Pitt the Younger
photograph o Benjamin Disraeli
photograph o Henry Campbell-Bannerman

The Prime Meenister o the Unitit Kinrick is the heid o the Govrenment o the Unitit Kinrick, an chairs Cabinet meetins.

From 1721[eedit | eedit soorce]

Contents bi century an monarch
18t tae 19t century
20th tae 21st century
     Whig (17)      Tory (11)      Conservative (19)      Peelite (1)      Liberal (7)      Labour (6)      National Labour (1)
Teetle
Prime Meenister
Office
(Birth–Daith)
Term o office & mandate[lower-alpha 1]
Duration in years an days
Meenisterial offices
held as prime meenister
Party Government Monarch
(Ring)
Ref.
pentin The Richt Honourable
Sir Robert Walpole
KGKBPC
MP for King's Lynn[§]
(1676–1745)
3 April
1721
11 February
1742
1722 Whig Walpole–Townshend George I
Coat of Arms of Great Britain (1714-1801).svg
(1714–1727)
[1]
1727 George II
Coat of Arms of Great Britain (1714-1801).svg
(1727–1760)
1734 Walpole
1741
20 years and 315 days
pentin The Richt Honourable
Spencer Compton
1st Yerl o Wilmington
KGKBPC
(1673–1743)
16 February
1742
2 July
1743
Whig Carteret [2]
1 year and 137 days[†]
pentin The Richt Honourable
Henry Pelham
FRS
MP for Sussex
(1694–1754)
27 August
1743
6 March
1754
Whig [3]
Broad Bottom I
1747 Broad Bottom II
10 years and 192 days[†]
pentin His Grace
Thomas Pelham-Holles
1st Duke o Newcastle
KGPCFRS
(1693–1768)
16 March
1754
11 November
1756
1754 Whig Newcastle I [4]
2 years and 241 days
pentin His Grace
William Cavendish
4t Duke o Devonshire
KGPC
(1720–1764)
16 November
1756
29 June
1757
Whig Pitt–Devonshire [5]
1757 Caretaker
226 days
pentin His Grace
Thomas Pelham-Holles
1st Duke o Newcastle
KGPCFRS
(1693–1768)
29 June
1757
26 May
1762
1761 Whig Pitt–Newcastle [6]
George III
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1801-1816).svg
(1760–1820)
[lower-alpha 2]
Bute–Newcastle
(ToryWhig)
4 years and 332 days
pentin The Richt Honourable
John Stuart
3rd Yerl o Bute
KGPC
(1713–1792)
26 May
1762
8 April
1763
Tory Bute [7]
318 days
pentin The Richt Honourable
George Grenville
MP for Buckingham
(1712–1770)
16 April
1763
10 July
1765
Whig
(Grenvillite)
Grenville
(mainly Whig)
[8]
2 years and 86 days
pentin The Most Honourable
Charles Watson-Wentworth
2nt Marquess o Rockingham
KGPCFRS
(1730–1782)
13 July
1765
30 July
1766
Whig
(Rockinghamite)
Rockingham I [9]
1 year and 18 days
pentin The Richt Honourable
William Pitt
1st Yerl o Chatham
PCFRS
MP for Bath (1766)[§]
(1708–1778)
30 July
1766
14 October
1768
1768 Whig
(Chathamite)
Chatham [10]
2 years and 77 days
pentin His Grace
Augustus FitzRoy
3rd Duke o Grafton
KGPC
(1735–1811)
14 October
1768
28 January
1770
Whig
(Chathamite)
Grafton [11]
1 year and 107 days
pentin The Richt Honourable
Frederick North
Lord North
KG
MP for Banbury
(1732–1792)
28 January
1770
27 March
1782
1774 Tory
(Northite)
North [12]
1780
12 years and 59 days
pentin The Most Honourable
Charles Watson-Wentworth
2nt Marquess o Rockingham
KGPCFRS
(1730–1782)
27 March
1782
1 July
1782
Whig
(Rockinghamite)
Rockingham II [9]
97 days[†]
pentin The Richt Honourable
William Petty
2nt Yerl o Shelburne
KGPC
(1737–1805)
4 July
1782
26 March
1783
Whig
(Chathamite)
Shelburne [13]
266 days
pentin His Grace
William Cavendish-Bentinck
3rd Duke o Portland
PCFRS
(1738–1809)
2 April
1783
18 December
1783
Whig Fox–North [14]
261 days
pentin The Richt Honourable
William Pitt the Younger
MP for Appleby (1784) 
Cambridge University[‡] (1784–1801)

(1759–1806)
19 December
1783
14 March
1801
1784 Tory
(Pittite)
Pitt I [15]
1790
1796
17 years and 86 days
pentin The Richt Honourable
Henry Addington
MP for Devizes
(1757–1844)
17 March
1801
10 May
1804
1801 Tory
(Addingtonian)
Addington [16]
1802
3 years and 55 days
pentin The Richt Honourable
William Pitt the Younger
MP for Cambridge University
(1759–1806)
10 May
1804
23 January
1806
Tory
(Pittite)
Pitt II [17]
1 year and 259 days[†]
pentin The Richt Honourable
William Grenville
1st Baron Grenville
PCPC (Ire)
(1759–1834)
11 February
1806
25 March
1807
1806 Whig All the Talents
(WhigTory)
[18]
1 year and 43 days
pentin His Grace
William Cavendish-Bentinck
3rd Duke o Portland
KGPCFRS
(1738–1809)
31 March
1807
4 October
1809
1807 Tory
(Pittite)
Portland II [19]
2 years and 188 days
pentin The Richt Honourable
Spencer Perceval
KC
MP for Northampton
(1762–1812)
4 October
1809
11 May
1812
Tory
(Pittite)
Perceval [20]
2 years and 221 days[†]
pentin The Richt Honourable
Robert Jenkinson
2nt Yerl o Liverpuil
KGPCFRS
(1770–1828)
8 June
1812
9 April
1827
1812 Tory
(Pittite)
Liverpool [21]
1818
1820 George IV
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1816-1837).svg
(1820–1830)
1826
14 years and 306 days
pentin The Richt Honourable
George Canning
FRS
MP for Seaford
(1770–1827)
12 April
1827
8 August
1827
Tory
(Canningite)
Canning
(CanningiteWhig)
[22]
119 days[†]
pentin The Richt Honourable
Frederick John Robinson
1st Viscoont Goderich
PC
(1782–1859)
31 August
1827
8 January
1828
Tory
(Canningite)
Goderich [23]
131 days
pentin Field MarshalHis Grace
Arthur Wellesley
1st Duke o Wellington
KGGCBGCHPC
(1769–1852)
22 January
1828
16 November
1830
1830 Tory Wellington–Peel [24]
2 years and 299 days William IV
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1816-1837).svg
(1830–1837)
pentin The Richt Honourable
Charles Grey
2nt Yerl Grey
KGPC
(1764–1845)
22 November
1830
9 July
1834
1831 Whig Grey [25]
1832
3 years and 230 days
pentin The Richt Honourable
William Lamb
2nt Viscoont Melbourne
PCPC (Ire)
(1779–1848)
16 July
1834
14 November
1834
Whig Melbourne I [26]
122 days
pentin Field MarshalHis Grace
Arthur Wellesley
1st Duke o Wellington
KGGCBGCHPC
(1769–1852)
17 November
1834
9 December
1834
Tory Wellington Caretaker [27]
23 days
pentin The Richt Honourable
Sir Robert Peel
BtFRS
MP for Tamworth
(1788–1850)
10 December
1834
8 April
1835
Conservative Peel I [28]
120 days
pentin The Richt Honourable
William Lamb
2nt Viscoont Melbourne
PCPC (Ire)FRS
(1779–1848)
18 April
1835
30 August
1841
1835 Whig Melbourne II [29]
1837 Victoria
Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1837–1901)
6 years and 135 days
pentin The Richt Honourable
Sir Robert Peel
BtFRS
MP for Tamworth
(1788–1850)
30 August
1841
29 June
1846
1841 Conservative Peel II [28]
4 years and 304 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
Lord John Russell
FRS
MP for the Ceety o Lunnon
(1792–1878)
30 June
1846
21 February
1852
1847 Whig Russell I [30]
5 years and 237 days
engraving The Richt Honourable
Edward Smith-Stanley
14t Yerl o Derby
PCPC (Ire)
(1799–1869)
23 February
1852
17 December
1852
1852 Conservative Who? Who? [31]
299 days
engraving The Richt Honourable
George Hamilton-Gordon
4t Yerl o Aiberdeen
KTFRSEFRSPCFSA Scot
(1784–1860)
19 December
1852
30 January
1855
Conservative
(Peelite)
Aberdeen
(PeeliteWhig–et al.)
[32]
2 years and 43 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
Henry John Temple
3rd Viscoont Palmerston
KGGCBPCFRS
MP for Tiverton
(1784–1865)
6 February
1855
19 February
1858
1857 Whig Palmerston I [33]
3 years and 14 days
engraving The Richt Honourable
Edward Smith-Stanley
14t Yerl o Derby
PCPC (Ire)
(1799–1869)
20 February
1858
11 June
1859
Conservative Derby–Disraeli II [34]
1 year and 112 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
Henry John Temple
3rd Viscoont Palmerston
KGGCBPCFRS
MP for Tiverton
(1784–1865)
12 June
1859
18 October
1865
1859 Leeberal Palmerston II [35]
1865
6 years and 129 days[†]
photograph The Richt Honourable
John Russell
1st Yerl Russell
KGPCFRS
(1792–1878)
29 October
1865
26 June
1866
Leeberal Russell II [30]
241 days
engraving The Richt Honourable
Edward Smith-Stanley
14t Yerl o Derby
KGPCPC (Ire)
(1799–1869)
28 June
1866
25 February
1868
Conservative Derby–Disraeli III [36]
1 year and 243 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
Benjamin Disraeli
MP for Buckinghamshire
(1804–1881)
See an aw § Main articles:1 Conservative [37]
27 February
1868
1 December
1868
279 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
William Ewart Gladstone
FSS
MP for Greenwich
(1809–1898)
See an aw § Main articles:2 Leeberal Gladstone I [38]
3 December
1868
17 February
1874
1868
5 years and 77 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
Benjamin Disraeli
1st Yerl o Beaconsfield
KGPCFRS
MP for Buckinghamshire
(1874–1876)[§]

(1804–1881)
See an aw § Main articles:1 Conservative Disraeli II [39]
20 February
1874
21 April
1880
1874
6 years and 62 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
William Ewart Gladstone
FRSFSS
MP for Midlowden
(1809–1898)
See an aw § Main articles:2 Leeberal Gladstone II [40]
23 April
1880
9 June
1885
1880
5 years and 48 days
photograph The Most Honourable
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
3rd Marquess o Salisbury
KGPCFRSDL
(1830–1903)
23 June
1885
28 January
1886
Conservative Salisbury I [41]
220 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
William Ewart Gladstone
FRSFSS
MP for Midlowden
(1809–1898)
See an aw § Main articles:2 Leeberal Gladstone III [40]
1 February
1886
20 July
1886
1885
170 days
photograph The Most Honourable
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
3rd Marquess o Salisbury
KGPCFRSDL
(1830–1903)
25 July
1886
11 August
1892
1886 Conservative Salisbury II [42]
6 years and 18 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
William Ewart Gladstone
FRSFSS
MP for Midlothian
(1809–1898)
See an aw § Main articles:2 Leeberal Gladstone IV [40]
15 August
1892
2 March
1894
1892
1 year and 200 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
Archibald Primrose
5t Yerl o Rosebery
KGPCFRS
(1847–1929)
5 March
1894
22 June
1895
Leeberal Rosebery [43]
1 year and 110 days
photograph The Most Honourable
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
3rd Marquess o Salisbury
KGPCFRSDL
(1830–1903)
25 June
1895
11 July
1902
1895 Conservative Salisbury III
(Con.Lib.U.)
[44]
1900 Salisbury IV
7 years and 17 days Edward VII
Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1901–1910)
photograph The Richt Honourable
Arthur Balfour
FRSFBADL
MP for Manchester East
(1848–1930)
12 July
1902
4 December
1905
Conservative Balfour [45]
3 years and 146 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
GCB
MP for Stirling Burghs
(1836–1908)
5 December
1905
3 April
1908
1906 Leeberal Campbell-Bannerman [46]
2 years and 121 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
H. H. Asquith
KCFRS
MP for East Fife
(1852–1928)
8 April
1908
5 December
1916
Leeberal Asquith I [47]
Jan.1910 Asquith II
George V
Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1910–1936)
Dec.1910 Asquith III
Asquith Coalition
(Lib.Con.–et al.)
8 years and 243 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
David Lloyd George
OM
MP for Caernarvon Boroughs
(1863–1945)
6 December
1916
19 October
1922
Leeberal Lloyd George War [48]
1918 Lloyd George II
(Lib.Con.)
5 years and 318 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
Bonar Law
MP for Glasgow Central
(1858–1923)
23 October
1922
20 May
1923
1922 Conservative
(Scot.U.)
Law [49]
210 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
Stanley Baldwin
JP
MP for Bewdley
(1867–1947)
22 May
1923
22 January
1924
Conservative Baldwin I [50]
246 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
Ramsay MacDonald
MP for Aberavon
(1866–1937)
22 January
1924
4 November
1924
1923 Labour MacDonald I [51]
288 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
Stanley Baldwin
JPFRS
MP for Bewdley
(1867–1947)
4 November
1924
4 June
1929
1924 Conservative Baldwin II [52]
4 years and 213 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
Ramsay MacDonald
FRS
MP for Seaham
(1866–1937)
5 June
1929
7 June
1935
1929 Labour MacDonald II [53]
National Labour National I
(N.Lab.Con.–et al.)
1931 National II
6 years and 3 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
Stanley Baldwin
JPFRS
MP for Bewdley
(1867–1947)
7 June
1935
28 May
1937
1935 Conservative National III [54]
Edward VIII
Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1936)
George VI
Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1936–1952)
1 year and 356 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
Neville Chamberlain
FRS
MP for Birmingham Edgbaston
(1869–1940)
28 May
1937
10 May
1940
Conservative National IV [55]
Chamberlain War
2 years and 349 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
Winston Churchill
CHTDFRS
MP for Epping (1940–1945) 
Woodford[‡] (1945)

(1874–1965)
10 May
1940
26 July
1945
Conservative Churchill War [56]
Churchill Caretaker
(Con.L.Nat.)
5 years and 78 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
Clement Attlee
CHFRS
MP for Limehouse (1945–1950) 
Walthamstow West[‡] (1950–1951)

(1883–1967)
26 July
1945
26 October
1951
1945 Labour Attlee I [57]
1950 Attlee II
6 years and 93 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
Sir Winston Churchill
KGOMCHTDDLFRSRA
MP for Woodford
(1874–1965)
26 October
1951
5 Apryle
1955
1951 Conservative Churchill III [58]
3 years and 162 days Elizabeth II
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom.svg
(1952–present)
photograph The Richt Honourable
Sir Anthony Eden
KGMC
MP for Warwick & Leamington
(1897–1977)
6 April
1955
9 January
1957
1955 Conservative Eden [59]
1 year and 279 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
Harold Macmillan
FRS
MP for Bromley
(1894–1986)
10 January
1957
18 October
1963
Conservative Macmillan I [60]
1959 Macmillan II
6 years and 282 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
Sir Alec Douglas-Home
KT
MP for Kinross & Wastren Perthshire[lower-alpha 3]
(1903–1995)
19 October
1963
16 October
1964
Conservative
(Scot.U.)
Douglas-Home [61]
364 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
Harold Wilson
OBEFRSFSS
MP for Huyton
(1916–1995)
16 October
1964
19 June
1970
1964 Labour Wilson I [62]
1966 Wilson II
5 years and 247 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
Edward Heath
MBE
MP for Bexley (1970–1974) 
Sidcup[‡] (1974)

(1916–2005)
19 June
1970
4 March
1974
1970 Conservative Heath [63]
3 years and 259 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
Harold Wilson
OBEFRSFSS
MP for Huyton
(1916–1995)
4 March
1974
5 April
1976
Feb.1974 Labour Wilson III [62]
Oct.1974 Wilson IV
2 years and 33 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
James Callaghan
MP for Cardiff South East
(1912–2005)
5 April
1976
4 May
1979
Labour Callaghan [64]
3 years and 30 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
Margaret Thatcher
FRSHonFRSC
MP for Finchley
(1925–2013)
See an aw § Main articles:3 Conservative Thatcher I [65]
4 May
1979
28 November
1990
1979
1983 Thatcher II
1987 Thatcher III
11 years and 209 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
John Major
MP for Huntingdon
(born 1943)
28 November
1990
2 May
1997
Conservative Major I [66]
1992 Major II
6 years and 156 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
Tony Blair
MP for Sedgefield
(born 1953)
See an aw § Main articles:4 Labour Blair I [67]
2 May
1997
27 June
2007
1997
2001 Blair II
2005 Blair III
10 years and 57 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
Gordon Brown
MP for Kirkcaudy & Coudenbeith
(born 1951)
See an aw § Main articles:5 Labour Brown [68]
27 June
2007
11 May
2010
2 years and 319 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
David Cameron
MP for Witney
(born 1966)
See an aw § Main articles:6 Conservative Cameron–Clegg
(Con.L.D.)
[69]
11 May
2010
13 July
2016
2010
2015 Cameron II
6 years and 64 days
The Richt Honourable
Theresa May
MP for Maidenhead
(born 1956)
See an aw § Main airticles:7 Conservative May I [70]
13 Julie
2016
24 Julie
2019
2017 May II
3 years and 12 days
photograph The Richt Honourable
Boris Johnson
MP for Uxbridge & Sooth Ruislip
(born 1964)
See an aw § Main articles:8 Conservative Johnson
24 Julie
2019
Incumbent
1 year and 11 days
Teetle
Prime Meenister
Office
(Birth–Daith)
Term o office & mandate Meenisterial offices Pairty Govrenment Monarch Ref.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Leegend for cells leetit in the saxt column frae richt:
    • e.g.  1722  and  1841 —coloured conteenin a linked year
      indicates a general election wan bi the govrenment (e.g. 1722) or one that led to its formation (e.g. 1841);
    • e.g.  1830 —shaded grey containin a linked year
      indicates an election resultin in na single pairty winnin a Commons majority;
    • e.g.  — —coloured conteenin a dash
      indicates the formation o a majority govrenment withoot an election;
    • e.g.  — —shadit gray conteenin a dash
      indicates the formation of a minority or coaleetion govrenment in a hung pairlament.
  2. George III did nae appynt his feenal prime meenister. His son George, Prince o Wales, that served as regent frae 1811, appyntit Liverpuil in 1812 (Englefield et al. 1995, pp. 102, 363).
  3. Douglas Home disclaimed his peerage as the Yerl o Home on 23 October 1963. He wis electit an MP on 7 November.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, pp. 1, 5; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 1–5; Pryde et al. 1996, pp. 45–46.
  2. Cook & Stevenson 1988, p. 41; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 14; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 7–10; Jones & Jones 1986, p. 222.
  3. Cook & Stevenson 1988, pp. 41–42; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 17; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 11–15.
  4. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 28; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 16–21.
  5. Cook & Stevenson 1988, p. 44; Courthope 1838, p. 19; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 34; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 23–26; Schumann & Schweizer 2012, p. 143.
  6. Cook & Stevenson 1980, p. 11; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 28; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 16–21; Pryde et al. 1996, p. 46; Tout 1910, p. 740.
  7. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 36; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 28–31; Jones & Jones 1986, p. 223; Tout 1910, p. 740.
  8. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 42; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 33–35; Tout 1910, p. 740.
  9. 9.0 9.1 The British Magazine and Review 1782, p. 79; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, pp. 46, 50; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 39–43.
  10. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 54; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 45–50; Kebbel 1864, p. 143; Venning 2005, p. 93.
  11. Courthope 1838, p. 9; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 61; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 52–56; Venning 2005, p. 93; Vincitorio 1968, p. 156.
  12. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 64; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 58–62; Whiteley 1996, p. 24.
  13. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 73; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 64–68; Venning 2005, p. 93.
  14. Cook & Stevenson 1980, p. 11; Courthope 1838, p. 25; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 77; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 69–74; Venning 2005, p. 93.
  15. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 85; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 75–78; Evans 2008, p. 4.
  16. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 94; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 83–85; Styles 1829, p. 266.
  17. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 85; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 75–77; Evans 2008, p. 4.
  18. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 98; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 90–92; Tout 1910, p. 740.
  19. Courthope 1838, p. 25; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 77; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 69–74; Evans 2008, p. 4.
  20. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 101; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 98–101; Evans 2008, p. 4.
  21. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 106; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 104–108; Evans 2008, p. 4; Pryde et al. 1996, p. 47.
  22. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, pp. 116, 133; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 110–115.
  23. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, pp. 120, 133; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 118–120.
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  29. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 136; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 141–145; Pryde et al. 1996, p. 47.
  30. 30.0 30.1 Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 151; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 155–160.
  31. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 161; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 162–164.
  32. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, pp. 159, 167; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 169–174; Royal Society of Edinburgh 2006, p. 375; Tout 1910, p. 741.
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  34. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 161; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 162–164; Tout 1910, p. 741.
  35. Balfour 1910; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 174; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 177–184; Royal Society 2007, p. 349.
  36. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 161; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 162–167; Tout 1910, p. 741.
  37. Disraeli 1868; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 183; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 187–189; Tout 1910, p. 741.
  38. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 196; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 195–198; Royal Statistical Society 1892, p. 9.
  39. Chamberlain 1884; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 183; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 187–192.
  40. 40.0 40.1 40.2 Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 196; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 195–202; Royal Statistical Society 1892, p. 9.
  41. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 213; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 205–210; Mosley 2003, p. 3505; Sandys 1910, p. 287.
  42. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 213; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 205–210; Locker-Lampson 1907, p. 497; Mosley 2003, p. 3505; Sandys 1910, p. 287.
  43. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 222; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 212–215.
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  45. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 231; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 217–221; Mosley 1999, p. 173; Tout 1910, p. 741.
  46. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 239; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 223–227.
  47. Butler & Butler 2010, p. 5; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 244; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 229–235; Pryde et al. 1996, p. 48.
  48. Butler & Butler 2010, pp. 6–9; The Constitutional Yearbook 1919, p. 42; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 252; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 237–243.
  49. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 262; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 246–248; Scully 2018.
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  51. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 281; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 262–264.
  52. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 273; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 253–259; Mosley 1999, p. 172.
  53. Butler & Butler 2010, p. 13; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 281; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 262–268.
  54. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 273; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 253–259; Mosley 1999, p. 172; Pryde et al. 1996, p. 48.
  55. The Annual Register 1941, p. 11; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 289; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 270–274.
  56. The Annual Register 1946, p. 11; Butler & Butler 2010, pp. 17–21, 77; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 295; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 276–282; The London Gazette 1924.
  57. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 305; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 284–289.
  58. BBC On This Day 2005; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 295; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 276–282; The London Gazette 1924; Mosley 1999, p. 1868; Pryde et al. 1996, p. 48.
  59. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 315; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 291–295.
  60. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 320; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 297–303.
  61. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 329; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 306–310; Scully 2018.
  62. 62.0 62.1 Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 333; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 313–320.
  63. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 343; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 322–328; UK Parliament 2005a.
  64. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 350; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 331–333; UK Parliament 2005b.
  65. Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 358; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 340–347; UK Parliament 2013.
  66. Butler & Butler 2010, p. 61; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 384; Englefield, Seaton & White 1995, pp. 350–352.
  67. Butler & Butler 2010, pp. 61, 270; Eccleshall & Walker 2002, p. 392; Seldon 2007, pp. 77, 371, 647; UK Parliament 2017b.
  68. Butler & Butler 2010, pp. 61, 86; UK Parliament 2012.
  69. Butler & Butler 2010, pp. 61, 65; Lee & Beech 2011; Royal Communications 2016; Wheeler 2016.
  70. BBC News 2017; Stamp 2016; UK Parliament 2017a.