Bonar Law

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Andrew Bonar Law
Andrew Bonar Law 02.jpg
Prime Meenister o the Unitit Kinrick
In office
23 October 1922 – 22 Mey 1923
MonarchGeorge V
Precedit biDavid Lloyd George
Succeedit biStanley Baldwin
Leader o the Hoose o Commons
In office
23 October 1922 – 22 Mey 1923
Precedit biAusten Chamberlain
Succeedit biStanley Baldwin
In office
10 December 1916 – 23 Mairch 1921
Prime MeenisterDavid Lloyd George
Precedit biHerbert Henry Asquith
Succeedit biAusten Chamberlain
Leader o the Conservative Pairty
In office
23 October 1922 – 22 Mey 1923
Precedit biAusten Chamberlain
Succeedit biStanley Baldwin
In office
13 November 1911 – 21 Mairch 1921
Precedit biArthur Balfour
Succeedit biAusten Chamberlain
Laird Privy Seal
In office
10 Januar 1919 – 1 Aprile 1921
Prime MeenisterDavid Lloyd George
Precedit biThe Earl o Crawford
Succeedit biAusten Chamberlain
Chancellor o the Exchequer
In office
10 December 1916 – 10 Januar 1919
Prime MeenisterDavid Lloyd George
Precedit biReginald McKenna
Succeedit biAusten Chamberlain
Secretar o State for the Colonies
In office
25 Mey 1915 – 10 December 1916
Prime MeenisterHerbert Henry Asquith
David Lloyd George
Precedit biThe Viscoont Harcourt
Succeedit biThe Viscoont Long
Leader o the Opposeetion
In office
13 November 1911 – 25 Mey 1915
MonarchGeorge V
Prime MeenisterHerbert Henry Asquith
Precedit biArthur Balfour
Succeedit biSir Edward Carson[a]
Pairlamentar Secretar tae the Buird o Trade
In office
11 Julie 1902 – 5 December 1905
Prime MeenisterArthur Balfour
Precedit biThe Earl o Dudley
Succeedit biHudson Kearley
Member o Pairlament
for Glesga Central
In office
15 December 1918 – 30 October 1923
Precedit biJohn Mackintosh MacLeod
Succeedit biWilliam Alexander
Member o Pairlament
for Bootle
In office
28 Mairch 1911 – 15 December 1918
Precedit biThomas Myles Sandys
Succeedit biThomas Royden
Member o Pairlament
for Dulwich
In office
16 Mey 1906 – 20 December 1910
Precedit biFrederick Rutherfoord Harris
Succeedit biSir Frederick Hall
Member o Pairlament
for Glesga Blackfriars
In office
25 October 1900 – 13 Januar 1906
Precedit biAndrew Dryburgh Provand
Succeedit biGeorge Nicoll Barnes
Personal details
Born16 September 1858(1858-09-16)
Kingston, Colony o New Brunswick (nou pairt o Canadae)
Dee'd30 October 1923(1923-10-30) (aged 65)
Kensington, Unitit Kinrick
Restin placeWastmeenster Abbey
NaitionalityBreetish
Poleetical pairtyConservative
Spoose(s)Annie Pitcairn Robley
BairnsJames
Isabel
Charles
Harrington
Richard
Catherine
ProfessionAirn merchant
ReligionFree Kirk o Scotland
SignaturCursive signatur in ink
a. ^ Office vacant frae 25 Mey 1915 to 19 October 1915.

Andrew Bonar Law (16 September 1858 – 30 October 1923), commonly cried Bonar Law wis a Breetish Conservative Pairty statesman an Prime Meenister.

Law wis born in the Breetish colony o New Brunswick (nou a Canadian province), the first Breetish prime meenister tae be born ootside the Breetish Isles. He wis o Scots an Ulster Scots strynd an moved tae Scotland in 1870. He left schuil aged saxteen tae wirk in the airn industry, acomin a walthie man bi the age o thirty. He entered the Hoose o Commons at the 1900 general election, relatively late in life for a front-rank politeecian, an wis made a junior meenister, Pairlamentar Secretar tae the Buird o Tred, in 1902. Law jynt the Shaidae Cabinet in opposeetion efter the 1906 general election. In 1911, he wis appyntit a Privy Cooncillor, an stuid for the vacant pairty leadership. Despite niver haein served in the Cabinet, an despite trailin third efter Walter Long an Austen Chamberlain, Law becam leader whan the twa front-rinners widrew raither nor risk a draw splittin the pairty.

As Leader o the Conservative Pairty an Leader o the Opposeetion, Law focused his attentions in favour o tariff reform an against Erse Hame Rule. His campaignin helped turn Leeberal attempts tae pass the Third Home Rule Bill intae a three-year struggle eventually haultit bi the start o the First Warld War, wi muckle argiement ower the status o the sax coonties in Ulster that wad later acome Northren Ireland, fower o that war predominantly Protestant.

Law first held Cabinet office as Secretar o State for the Colonies in Asquith's Coaleetion Govrenment (Mey 1915 – December 1916). Upon Asquith's faw frae pouer he declined tae form a govrenment, insteid servin as Chancellor o the Exchequer in David Lloyd George's Coaleetion Government. He resigned on grunds o ill heal in early-1921. In October 1922, wi Lloyd George's Coaleetion haein acome unpopular wi the Conservatives, he wrote an anonymous letter tae the press giein anerly lew-wairm support tae the Govrenment's actions ower Chanak. Efter Conservative MPs votit tae end the Coaleetion, he again becam Pairty Leader an, this time, Prime Meenister. Bonar Law wan a clear majority at the 1922 general election, an his brief premiership saw negotiation wi the Unitit States ower Breetain's war loans. Seriously ill wi throat cancer, Law resigned in Mey 1923, an dee'd later that year. He wis the shortest-servin Prime Meenister o the twentiet century (211 days in office), an is whiles cried "The Unkent Prime Meenister".

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