Regions o Fraunce

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Template:Administrative divisions of France Fraunce is dividit intae 27 admeenistrative regions (French: régions, pronounced: [ʁe.ʒjɔ̃]), 22 o which are in Metropolitan Fraunce, an five o which are owerseas. Corsica is a territorial collectivity (French collectivité territoriale), but is considered a region in mainstream uisage, an is even shown as such on the INSEE wabsteid.[1] Each mainland region an Corsica are further subdividit intae depairtments, rangin in number frae 2 tae 8 per region for the metropolitan anes whereas the owerseas regions technically consist o anerlie ane depairtment. The term region wis offeecially creatit bi the Law o Decentralization (2 Mairch 1982), which an aw gave regions their legal status. The first direct elections for regional representatives teuk place on 16 Mairch 1986.

General characteristics[eedit | eedit soorce]

In mainland Fraunce (excludin Corsica), the median land aurie o a region is 25,809 km² (9,965 sq mi), which is slichtly lairger than the U.S. state o Vermont, an 4% the median land aurie o a Canadian province, but 15% lairger than the median land aurie o a German region ("Regierungsbezirk").

In 2004, the median population o a region in continental Fraunce wis 2,329,000 inhabitants, three quarters o the median population o a German Land (state), but mair than twice the median population o a Canadian province.

Role[eedit | eedit soorce]

Regions lack separate legislative authority an therefore canna write their awn statutory law. They levy their awn taxes an, in return, receive a decreasin pairt o their budget frae the central govrenment, which gives them a portion o the taxes it levies. They an aw hae considerable budgets managit bi a regional council (conseil régional) made up o representatives votit intae office in regional elections.

A region's primary responsibility is to build and furnish high schools. In March 2004, the French central government unveiled a controversial plan to transfer regulation of certain categories of non-teaching school staff to the regional authorities. Critics of this plan contended that tax revenue was insufficient to pay for the resulting costs, and that such measures would increase regional inequalities.

In addition, regions hae considerable discretionary pouer ower infrastructural spendin, e.g., education, public transit, universities an research, an assistance tae business awners. This haes meant that the heids o walthy regions such as Île-de-France or Rhône-Alpes can be heich-profile positions.

Proposals tae give regions limited legislative autonomy hae met wi considerable resistance; ithers propose transferrin certain pouers frae the depairtments tae their respective regions, leavin the umwhile wi limited authority.

Regional Control[eedit | eedit soorce]

Number o regions controlled bi each coalition syne 1986.


Representation o mainland France's regions and their respective historical and military flags[eedit | eedit soorce]

Map of mainland France's regions and their respective historical and military flags.

Regions an their caipitals[eedit | eedit soorce]

Metropolitan regions
Flag[2] Region French name Native name/s Caipital INSEE No.[1] Derivation or status
Flag of Alsace Alsace Alsace Alsatian: Elsàss
German: Elsass
Strasbourg 42 Umwhile German territory o Elsaß
Flag of Aquitaine Aquitaine Aquitaine Occitan: Aquitània
Basque: Akitania
Bordeaux 72 Umwhile Roman province o Aquitaine
plus Guyenne an Gascony
Flag of Auvergne Auvergne Auvergne Occitan: Auvèrnhe / Auvèrnha Clermont-Ferrand 83 Umwhile province o Auvergne
Flag of Brittany Breetany Bretagne Breton: Breizh
Gallo: Bertaèyn
Rennes 53 Duchy o Brittany
Flag of Bourgogne (Burgundy) Burgundy Bourgogne Burgundian: Bregogne / Borgoégne
Arpitan: Borgogne
Dijon 26 Duchy o Burgundy
Flag of Centre Centre Centre Orléans 24 Central position
Flag of Champagne-Ardenne Champagne-Ardenne Champagne-Ardenne Châlons-en-
21 Umwhile province o Champagne
Flag of Franche-Comté Franche-Comté Franche-Comté Franc-Comtois: Fràntche-Comté
Arpitan: Franche-Comtât
Besançon 43 Free Coonty o Burgundy
Flag of Île-de-France Île-de-France Ile-de-France Paris 11 Province o Ile-de-France an pairts
o the umwhile province o Champagne
Flag of Languedoc-Roussillon Languedoc-Roussillon Languedoc-Roussillon Occitan: Lengadòc-Rosselhon
Catalan: Llenguadoc-Rosselló
Montpellier 91 Umwhile provinces o Languedoc
an Roussillon
Flag of Limousin Limousin Limousin Occitan: Lemosin Limoges 74 Umwhile province o Limousin an pairts
o Marche, Berry, Auvergne, Poitou
an Angoumois
Flag of Lorraine Lorraine Lorraine German: Lothringen Metz 41 Umwhile province o Lorraine plus
Barrois an the Three Bishoprics
Flag of Lower Normandy Lawer Normandy Basse-Normandie Norman: Basse-Normaundie Caen 25
Flag of Midi-Pyrénées Midi-Pyrénées Midi-Pyrénées Occitan: Miègjorn-Pirenèus
Occitan: Mieidia-Pirenèus
Toulouse 73 Nane; creatit for Toulouse
Flag of Nord-Pas-de-Calais Nord-Pas-de-Calais Nord-Pas-de-Calais Dutch: Noord-Nauw van Kales Lille 31 Nord an Pas-de-Calais depairtments
Flag of Pays-de-la-Loire Pays de la Loire Pays de la Loire Breton: Broioù al Liger Nantes 52 Nane; creatit for Nantes
Flag of Picardie (Picardy) Picardy Picardie Amiens 22
Flag of Poitou-Charentes Poitou-Charentes Poitou-Charentes Poitiers 54 Umwhile province o Poitou
Flag of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Occitan:
   Provença-Aups-Còsta d'Azur
   Prouvènço-Aup-Costo d'Azur
   Provenza-Alpi-Costa Azzurra
Marseille 93 Provence plus the umwhile coonty o
, principality o Orange an
Flag of Rhône-Alpes Rhône-Alpes Rhône-Alpes Arpitan: Rôno-Arpes
Occitan: Ròse Aups
Lyon 82 Creatit for Lyon frae Dauphiné an
Lyonais provinces
Flag of Haute-Normandie Upper Normandy Haute-Normandie Norman: Ĥâote-Normaundie Rouen 23 A. Le Vern (PS)
The follaeing region haes the special status o territorial collectivity.
Flag of Corsica Corsicae Corse Corsican: Corsica
Italian: Corsica
Ajaccio 94 Territorial collectivity
The follaein five regions hae the special status o owerseas region.
Flag of French Guiana French Guiana Guyane Cayenne 03 Owerseas region
Flag of Guadeloupe Guadeloupe Guadeloupe Antillean Creole: Gwadloup Basse-Terre 01 Owerseas region V. Lurel (PS)
Flag of Martinique Martinique Martinique Antillean Creole: Matinik Fort-de-France 02 Owerseas region S. Letchimy (PPM)
unofficial flag of Mayotte Mayotte Mayotte Shimaore: Maore
Malagasy: Mahori
Mamoudzou 05 Owerseas region
Flag of Réunion based on the logo of the région. Reunion La Réunion Reunion Creole: La Rényon Saint-Denis 04 Owerseas region

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Carte des Régions" (in French). INSEE. Retrieved 2009-09-29. 
  2. These flags are no offeecial, but popularly uised.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]