Breetany (admeenistrative region)

Frae Wikipedia
Lowp tae: navigation, rake
Breetany
Bretagne/Breizh
Region o Fraunce

Flag
Official logo of Breetany
Logo
Kintra Banner o Fraunce Fraunce
Prefectur Rennes
Depairtments
Government
 • Preses Pierrick Massiot (PS)
Area
 • Total 27,208 km2 (10,505 sq mi)
Population (2008-01-01)
 • Total 3,139,000
 • Density 120/km2 (300/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
GDP/ Nominal € 78 billion (2006)[1]
GDP per capita € 25,200 (2006)[1]
NUTS Region FR5
Website bretagne.fr

Breetany (Breton: Breizh, French: Bretagne, IPA: [bʁətaɲ] ( listen)); is ane o the 27 regions o Fraunce. It occupees a lairge peninsulae in the northwast o the kintra, lyin atween the Inglis Channel tae the north an the Bay o Biscay tae the sooth. Its caipital is Rennes.

Territory[eedit | eedit soorce]

Le Diben harbour - Plougasnou (Bretagne)

The region o Breetany is made up o 80% o the umwhile Duchy an Province o Breetany. The remainin 20% o the province is the Loire-Atlantique department which nou lees inside the Pays de la Loire region. Its caipital, Nantes, wis the historical caipital o the Duchy o Breetany.

Pairt o the reason why Breetany wis split atween twa present-day regions wis tae avoid the rivalry atween Rennes an Nantes. Although Nantes wis the principal caipital o the Duchy o Breetany till the saxteent century, Rennes haed been the seat o the Duchy's supreme court o juistice atween 1560 an 1789. Rennes haed an aw been the admeenistrative caipital o the Intendant o Breetany atween 1689 an 1789, an Intendances wur the maist important admeenistrative units o the kinrick o Fraunce in the seiventeent an aichteent centuries. As for the provincial States o Breetany, a legislative body which haed oreeginally met ivery twa years in a different ceety o Breetany, that had met in Rennes anerlie atween 1728 an 1789, although no in the years 1730, 1758, an 1760. Despite that, the Chambre des comptes haed remained in Nantes till 1789. Housomeivver, frae 1381 till the end o the fifteent century Vannes (Gwened in Breton) haed served as the first admeenistrative caipital o the Duchy, remainin the seat o the Chambre des comptes till the 1490s, an an aw the seat o the "Parlement" till 1553 an then again atween 1675 an 1689.

Although there wur previous plans tae create Régions oot o Départements, like the plan Clémentel (1919) or the Vichy regionalisation program (1941), these plans haed nae effect or wur abolished in 1945. The current French Regions date frae 1956, they wur creatit bi gatherin Departements thegither.[2] In Breetany, this will lead tae the creation o the Région Bretagne which gathered anerlie 4 oot o the 5 historical Breton départements.

Some fowke in Breetany an Nantes continue tae protest against the current diveesion o Breetany an wad like to see Loire-Atlantique combined wi the region o Breetany in order tae reunify the historic aurie o Breetany. Housomeivver, reunification raises ither questions: first, wha tae dae wi the rump Pays de la Loire region, an seicont, which ceety shoud be chosen as the caipital o such a reunifeed Breetany.

Leid an cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Bilingual road signs in Quimper (French on top)

The name o Breetany derives frae settlers frae Great Breetain, who fled that island in the wake o the Anglo-Saxon conquest o Ingland atween the fift an seivent centuries. Unlike the rest o Fraunce an Breetany, Lawer Breetany (roughly, wast o a bundary frae Saint Brieuc to Vannes) haes maintained a destinctly Celtic leid, Breton, which is relatit tae Cornish an Welsh. It wis the dominant leid in Lawer, or wastren, Breetany till the mid-20t century. It haes been grantit regional leid status an revival efforts are unnerwa. In Upper, or eastren, Breetany, the traditional leid is Gallo, an Oïl leid, which haes an aw received regional recognition an is in the process o being revived.

The French admeenistration nou allous for some Breton or Gallo tae be uised bi the region an its communes, in road signs an names o touns an ceeties, alangside the offeecial French version. The twa regional leids are an aw taught in some schuils, an mony fowklore associations an clubs are tryin tae revive them.

Breetany haes historically been a stranghauld o the Roman Catholic Kirk, an its rates o church attendance hae tendit tae be considerably heicher than the naitional average. Housomeivver, in recent years the influence o the kirk haes declined.

Politics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Breetany is admeenistered bi the Regional Cooncil o Breetany.

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hoose in Breetany at the Channel Coast (north o Morlaix)

There are several airports in Brittany servin destinations in Fraunce an Ingland. TGV train services link the region wi ceeties such as Paris, Lyon, Marseille, an Lille in ither regions o Fraunce. In addition there are ferry services that tak passengers, vehicles an freight tae Ireland, England, an the Channel Islands.

Major communities[eedit | eedit soorce]

The follaein table is the leet o touns in Breettany wi a population ower 15,000 inhabitants.

Town Breton name Population
(2007)[3]
Department
Rennes Roazhon 207,922 Ille-et-Vilaine
Brest Brest 142,722 Finistère
Quimper Kemper 63,961 Finistère
Lorient An Oriant 58,135 Morbihan
Vannes Gwened 52,984 Morbihan
Saint-Malo Sant-Maloù 48,563 Ille-et-Vilaine
Saint-Brieuc Sant-Brieg 46,178 Côtes-d'Armor
Lanester Lannarstêr 22,598 Morbihan
Fougères Felger 20,678 Ille-et-Vilaine
Concarneau Konk Kerne 20,280 Finistère
Lannion Lannuon 19,773 Côtes-d'Armor
Ploemeur Plañvour 18,509 Morbihan
Vitré Gwitreg 16,691 Ille-et-Vilaine
Morlaix Montroulez 15,605 Finistère
Douarnenez Douar an enez 15,436 Finistère
Cesson-Sévigné 15,261 Ille-et-Vilaine
Bruz 15,031 Ille-et-Vilaine

Sport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Three Breton clubs play in the Ligue 1, the top flicht o French fitbaa: Stade Brestois, Stade Rennais an FC Lorient. En Avant Guingamp play in Ligue 2, an Vannes in the third tier the Championnat National.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "GDP per inhabitant in 2006 ranged from 25% of the EU27 average in Nord-Est in Romania to 336% in Inner London". Eurostat. 
  2. Michèle Cointet, op. cit., pp. 183-216 (p. 216 pour la citation)
  3. (French) INSEE: 2007 Legal population

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 48°00′N 3°00′W / 48.000°N 3.000°W / 48.000; -3.000