Auvergne (region)

Frae Wikipedia
Lowp tae: navigation, rake
This article is aboot the French administrative région of Auvergne. For the historical county and province of Auvergne, see Auvergne (province).
Auvergne
Region o Fraunce

Flag
Official logo of Auvergne
Logo
Kintra Banner o Fraunce Fraunce
Prefectur Clermont-Ferrand
Depairtments
Government
 • Preses René Souchon (PS)
Area
 • Total 26,013 km2 (10,044 sq mi)
Population (2008-01-01)
 • Total 1,341,000
 • Density 52/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
GDP/ Nominal € 32 billion (2006)[1]
GDP per capita € 23,800 (2006)[1]
NUTS Region FR7
Website auvergne.org

Auvergne (French pronunciation: [ovɛʁɲ]; Occitan: Auvèrnhe / Auvèrnha) is ane o the 27 admeenistrative regions o Fraunce. It comprises the 4 depairtments o Allier, Puy de Dome, Cantal an Haute Loire.

The current admeenistrative region o Auvergne is lairger than the historical province o Auvergne, an includes provinces an auries that historically wur no pairt o Auvergne. The Auvergne region is composed o the follaein auld provinces:

  • Auvergne: depairtments o Puy-de-Dôme, Cantal, north-wast o Haute-Loire, an extreme sooth o Allier. The province o Auvergne is entirely contained inside the Auvergne region.
  • Bourbonnais: depairtment o Allier. A sma pairt o Bourbonnais is an aw contained inside the Centre region (sooth o the depairtment o Cher).
  • Velay: center an sootheast o depairtment o Haute-Loire. Velay is entirely contained inside the Auvergne region.
  • a sma pairt o Gévaudan: extreme soothwast o Haute-Loire. Gévaudan is essentially inside the Languedoc-Roussillon region.
  • a sma pairt o Vivarais: extreme sootheast o Haute-Loire. Vivarais is essentially inside the Rhône-Alpes region.
  • a sma pairt o Forez: extreme northeast o Haute-Loire. Forez is essentially inside the Rhône-Alpes region.

Velay, Gévaudan, an Vivarais are aften considered tae be sub-provinces o the auld Languedoc province. Forez is an aw aften considered tae be a sub-province o Lyonnais province. Therefore, the modren region o Auvergne is composed o the provinces o Auvergne, major pairt o Bourbonnais, an pairts o Languedoc an Lyonnais.

The 2002 awaird-winnin film, To Be and to Have (Être et avoir), documents ane year in the life o a ane-teacher schuil in rural Saint-Étienne-sur-Usson, Puy-de-Dôme, Auvergne.[2]

The region contains many volcanoes, although the last confirmit eruption wis aroond 6,000 years ago. They began formin some 70,000 years ago, an maist hae erodit awa leavin plugs o uneruptit hardened magma that form roondit hilltops kent as puys.[3]

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

In the region surroondin Clermont-Ferrand, the heichest muntain is 1,885m (6,180 ft). Frae north tae sooth, wi a sma ascent aroond the Plateau de Millevaches (978m/3,200 ft) the terrain becomes flatter an rockier. The Auvergne is 25 per cent woodland, 45 per cent grassland, 20 per cent arable land an 10 per cent ither uises (includin urban auries).

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

The average annual temperatur is 12 degrees C (53 degrees F), an the region receives 510 tae 1,020 mm (20 to 40 in) o rainfaw annually.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Auvergne is ane o the least populated regions in Europe, let alane Fraunce. The département o Cantal wad be amaist completely depopulated if it werena for the toun o Aurillac. Major communities in the region include the caipital Clermont-Ferrand, Montluçon, Aurillac an Vichy.

Major communities[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Regions of France Coordinates: 45°20′N 3°00′E / 45.333°N 3.000°E / 45.333; 3.000