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Zelenograd (in Scots)
Зеленоград (Roushie)
-  Ceety[1]  -
Admeenistrative Okrug o Moscow[1]
Msk zelao.png
Zelenograd on the map o Moscow
Coordinates: 55°59′52″N 37°11′25″E / 55.99778°N 37.19028°E / 55.99778; 37.19028Coordinates: 55°59′52″N 37°11′25″E / 55.99778°N 37.19028°E / 55.99778; 37.19028
Zelenograd district of Moscow coa.png
Flag of Zelenograd (Moscow).png
Coat o airms
Admeenistrative status
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Moscow
Admeenistratively subordinatit tae Moscow[1]
Municipal status
Prefect[2] Anatoly Smirnov[2]
Aurie 37.22 km2 (14.37 sq mi)[3]
Population (2002 Census) 215,727 inhabitants[4]
Density 5,796/km2 (15,010/sq mi)[5]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[6]
Foondit 3 Mairch 1958[citation needit]
Ceety status syne 15 Januar 1963[citation needit]
Postal code(s)[7] 124xxx
Dialin code(s) +7 (495), (499)[8]
Offeecial wabsteid
Zelenograd on Wikimedia Commons

Zelenograd (Roushie: Зеленогра́д, lit. Green Ceety) is a ceety,[1] which, alang wi the territories an settlements unner its jurisdiction, forms ane o the admeenistrative okrugs o Moscow - Zelenograd Admeenistrative Okrug (ZelAO).[1] It is locatit 37 kilometers (23 mi) frae the centre o the Roushie caipital alang Leningradskoye Shosse heich-gate.

Description[eedit | eedit soorce]

Zelenograd wis ane o the maist pouerful centers o electronics, microelectronics an computer industry in the Soviet Union, an it still plays a seemilar role in modren Roushie. It wis developed as a reflection o the Californie Silicon Valley an kent as Soviet/Roushie Silicon Valley anaw.

Zelenograd wis foondit in 1958 an planned as centre o textile industry initially. In 1962 Alexander Shokin (Chairman o State Committee o Electronic Technology, then first Meenister o Electronic Technology) proposed tae chynge the line o futur ceety business tae electronics. Some researchers o Soviet electronics history mentioned, that seemilar idea wis proposed tae the Soviet govrenment bi twa fugitive Silicon Valley ingineers - Alfred Sarant (mair kent in Roushie as Philip Staros) an Joel Barr (Joseph Berg).

Afore 1989 Zelenograd wis a de-facto closed ceety in some aspect: it wis prohibitit tae tak photos in the central pairts o the ceety, near the plants, teachin and research facilities an the foreigners wur no admittit intae the ceety, as the buses enterin the ceety wur sporadically checked at the border.[9]

As Zelenograd wis biggit de novo on a previously empty, forestit place, its airchitectur an civic layout yields tae ane general airchitectural plan (chief airchitects Igor Rozhin (1956–1963), then Igor Pokrovsky (1963–2002)).

In 1988, Zelenograd incorporatit the umwhile veelage o Kryukovo, ane o the important steids durin the Battle o Moscow (October 1941 – Januar 1942). Several monuments tae the Defenders o Moscow an the heroes o the Great Patriotic War are locatit in Zelenograd an the surroondin aurie, the maist famous o which is the Shtyki Memorial, frae which the remains o the Unkent Sodger wur taken for reinterment at the Kremlin Wall in the Alexander Garden in Moscow.

Zelenograd is hame tae the Moscow Institute of Electronic Technology (MIET).

Zelenograd wis heidquarters o Sitronics Concerne syne its foondin in 1997 till 2005 (whan its heidquarters muivit tae Moscow). Nou the ceety is the heidquarters o its microelectronic solutions department. The leadin company o the depairtment is NIIME and Mikron (Mikron) - the ane o twa lairgest Roushie intgratit circuits manufacturers. Anaw the ceety is the heidquarters o Angstrem, which is anither lairgest Roushie ICs manufacturer.

A local soccer team Zelenograd (nickname — Zeleno-Belye (Green-Whites)) wis foondit in 2002 an in 2007-2010 haed been playin in the Roushie Seicont Diveesion. A local rugby team Zelenograd wis foondit in 2006 an played in Roushie Rugby Championship 2008 (but it coud no get tae Championship 2009).

The ceety colour is green an its emblemic ainimal is the squirrel (mair precisely Sciurus vulgaris).

The Skhodnya River oreeginates near the veelage o Alabushevo (ane o settlements, which are unner Zelenograd jurisdiction) an forms three ponds athin the precincts o ceety: Watter-touer Pond (Schuil Lake), Sma an Lairge Ceety Pond.

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Zelenograd is dividit intae five destricts.

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Patronizit ships[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Landin ship Caesar Kunikov, Black Sea Fleet (syne 1998)
  • Nuclear submarine Zelenograd, Pacific Ocean Fleet (1998–2010, retired)
  • Supply ship Berezina, Black Sea Fleet (1995–1997, retired)

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Law of the city of Moscow #13-47 of July 5, 1995 On Territorial Division of the City of Moscow with subsequent amendments (in Roushie)
  2. 2.0 2.1 Prefect Page. Official website of Zelenograd Administrative Okrug (in Roushie)
  3. Zelenograd Location. Official website of Zelenograd Administrative Okrug (in Roushie)
  4. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population o Roushie, Its Federal Destricts, Federal Subjects, Destricts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Admeenistrative Centres, an Rural Localities wi Population o Ower 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002] (in Roushie). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  5. The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2002 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Govrenment o the Roushie Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of Juin 31, 2011 On Calculatin Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of Julie 03, 2016 On Amendin Federal Law "On Calculatin Time". Effective as of efter saxty days follaein the day o the offeecial publication.).
  7. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Roushie Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Roushie)
  8. The same as Moscow dialin codes
  9. Personal blog o Vsevolod Baronin (in Roushie)

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]