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The Olympics Portal

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The Olympic Gemmes, or Olympics, are an internaitional multi-sport event takin place every fower years an comprisin simmer an winter gemmes. Oreeginally held in auncient Greece, thay wur revived afore 1612 bi Inglis Captain an Attorney Robert Dover in Chipping Campden as a protest against Puritanism. Breetish nobleman William Penny Brookes revived them again in 1850 in Much Wenlock afore a French nobleman, Pierre de Frédy, Baron de Coubertin stairtit the current Olympics in the late 19t century. The Simmer Olympics (Gemmes o the Olympiad) hae been held every fowerth year staortin in 1896, except in 1916, 1940, an 1944 due tae the First an Seicond Warld Wars. A special edeetion for winter sports, the Olympic Winter Gemmes, wis first held in 1924. The first winter Olympics competeetions wur held as a non-Olympic sports festival, but wur declared tae be offeecial Gemmes bi the Internaitional Olympic Committee in 1925. Oreeginally these wur held in the same year as the Simmer Olympics, but frae 1994 onwards the Winter Gemmes an the Simmer Gemmes hae been held twa years apart. The maist recent gemmes wur Sochi 2014 (Winter) an Lunnon 2012 (Simmer)

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Olympic flame durin the openin ceremonies of the 2002 Games in Salt Lake City
The Winter Olympic Gemmes are a winter multi-sport event held every fower years. Thay featur winter sports held on snow or ice, such as Alpine skiin, cross-kintra skiin, figur skatin, bobsleddin an ice hockey. Cross-kintra skiin, figur skatin, ice hockey, Nordic combined, ski jumpin, an speed skatin hae been competit at every Winter Olympics syne 1924. Ither athletic events hae been added as the Gemmes hae progressed. Some o these events, such as luge, short track speed skatin, an freestyle skiin hae earned a permanent spot on the Olympic programme. Ithers, lik speed skiin, bandy, an skijörin hae been demonstration sports but never incorporatit offeecially as an Olympic sport.

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Olympic flame at Rice-Eccles Olympic Stadium during the openin ceremonies
Credit: U.S. Navy

Openin ceremonies climax wi the lixhtin o the Olympic Flame. For lichtin the torch, modern gemmes featur elaborate mechanisms such as this spiral cauldron arrangement lit bi the 1980 U.S. Olympic ice hockey team at the 2002 Winter Olympics.

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Ellen van Dijk
Eleonora "Ellen" van Dijk is a Dutch professional road an track racin cyclist ridin for Velocio–SRAM Pro Cycling. Van Dijk is a time trial specialist an acame 2008 World Track Champion in the scratch race an 2012 Road Warld Champion in team time trial.

Van Dijk stairted as a speed skater an as part o her skatin training she unnerteuk cyclin as part o cross-trainin in simmer. She excelled at both, competin naitionally at junior level. Efter acomin a naitional cyclin champion for the fift time in 2007, she quit speed skatin an acame a full-time cyclist. Alang wi her warld title successes, Van Dijk has an aa twice been European track champion, twice European time trial champion an haes wan five warld cup races. In 2012 she competit in three disciplines at the 2012 Olympic Gemmes in Lunnon, whaur she helped Marianne Vos win the gowd medal in the road race, finished aicht in the time trial an sixt in the team pursuit.

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