Otto IV, Haly Roman Emperor

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Otto IV
Otto IV 1836.jpg
19t Century impression o Otto IV
Haly Roman Emperor
Ring1209–1215
Coronation21 October 1209, Roum
PredecessorHenry VI
SuccessorFrederick II
Keeng o the Romans
Ring1198–1209
Coronation12 Julie 1198, Aachen
PredecessorHenry VI
SuccessorFrederick II
Keeng o Italy
Reing1208–1212
PredecessorHenry VI
SuccessorHenry VII[1]
Keeng o Burgundy
Ring1208–1215
PredecessorPhilip o Swabia
SuccessorFrederick II
Born1175
Dee'd19 Mey 1218
Harzburg
BuirialBrunswick Cathedral
SpouseBeatrice o Hohenstaufen
Marie o Brabant
HooseHoose o Welf
FaitherHenry the Lion
MitherMatilda o Ingland
ReleegionRoman Catholicism

Otto IV o Brunswick (1175 – Mey 19, 1218) wis ane o twa rival keengs o the Haly Roman Empire frae 1198 on, sole keeng frae 1208 on, an emperor frae 1209 on. The anly keeng o the Welf dynasty, he incurred the wrath o Pape Innocent III an wis excommunicated in 1215.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Althou Frederick II wis crouned Keeng o the Romans, Keeng o Sicily, Keeng o Jerusalem an Haly Roman Emperor, he never crouned Keeng o Italy at Pavia, Monza or Milan during his lifetime - see Sismondi's History of the Italian Republics in the Middle Ages, (1906), pg. 143; 147 and Kington-Oliphant's, History of Frederick the Second, Emperor of the Romans, Vol I, (1862), pg. 195 which speceefically state that the Milanese refused tae croun Frederick wi the Iron Croun. Neither is his coronation as Keeng o Italy mentioned in ony modren soorce, such as Abulafia's, The New Cambridge Medieval History, Vol. V: c. 1198-c. 1300, (1999)