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Wilhelm II, German Emperor

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Wilhelm II
Wilhelm II in 1902
German Emperor; Keeng o Proushie
Ring15 Juin 1888 – 9 November 1918
PredecessorFrederick III
SuccessorMonarchy abolished
Friedrich Ebert, Preses o Germany
Born27 Januar 1859(1859-01-27)
Croun Prince's Pailace, Berlin, Proushie
Dee'd4 Juin 1941(1941-06-04) (aged 82)
Doorn, Netherlands
BuirialMausoleum at Huis Doorn
Spouse1. Augusta Victoria o Schleswig-Holstein, 1881–1921 (her daith)
2. Hermine Reuss o Greiz, 1922–1941 (his daith)
Full name
German: Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert
Frederick William Victor Albert
HooseHoose o Hohenzollern
FaitherFrederick III, German Emperor
MitherVictoria, Princess Ryal
ReleegionEvangelical Christian Kirk
SeegnaturWilhelm II's signature

Wilhelm II or William II (German: Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albrecht von Preußen; Frederick William Victor Albert o Proushie; 27 Januar 1859 – 4 Juin 1941) wis the last German Emperor (Kaiser) an Keeng o Proushie, rulin the German Empire an the Kinrick o Proushie frae 15 Juin 1888 tae 9 November 1918. He wis the eldest grandchild o Queen Victoria o the Unitit Kinrick an relatit tae mony monarchs an princes o Europe, maist notably King George V o the Unitit Kinrick an Emperor Nicholas II o Roushie.

Accedin tae the throne in 1888, he dismissed the Chancellor, Otto von Bismarck, in 1890. He an aw launched Germany on a bellicose "New Coorse" in furrin affairs that culminatit in his support for Austrick-Hungary in the creesis o Julie 1914 that led in a maiter o days tae the First Warld War. Bombastic an impetuous, he whiles made tactless pronooncements on sensitive topics withoot consultin his meenisters, culminatin in a disastrous Daily Telegraph interview in 1908 that cost him maist o his influence.[1] His leadin generals, Paul von Hindenburg an Erich Ludendorff, dictatit policy in the First Warld War wi little regaird for the ceevilian govrenment. An ineffective war-time leader, he lost the support o the airmy, abdicatit in November 1918, an fled tae exile in the Netherlands whaur he wid bade till he dee'd in Juin 1941.

Mairiage[eedit | eedit soorce]

On 27 Februar 1881, Croun Prince Prince Wilhelm o Proushie, German Croun Prince mairit Auguste Viktoria o Schleswig-Holstein havin been refused bi his cousin Princess Elisabeth o Hesse an bi Rhine.

Issue[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Wilhelm, German Croun Prince ( 6 Mey 1882 – 20 Julie 1951) mairit Princess Cecilie o Mecklenburg-Schwerin an haed issue.
  2. Prince Eitel Friedrich o Proushie (7 Julie 1883 – 8 December 1942) mairit Princess Sophia Charlotte o Oldenburg but haed nae issue.
  3. Prince Adalbert o Proushie 14 Julie 1884 – 22 September 1948) mairit Princess Adelheid o Saxe-Meiningen an haed issue.
  4. Prince Prince August Wilhelm o Proushie (29 Januar 1887 – 25 Mairch 1949) mairit Princess Alexandra Viktoria o Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg an haed issue.
  5. Prince Oskar o Proushie 27 Julie 1888 – 27 Januar 1958) mairit Coontess Ina Marie von Bassewitz an haed issue.
  6. Prince Joachim o Proushie (17 December 1890 – 18 Julie 1920) mairit Princess Marie Auguste o Anhalt an haed issue.
  7. Princess Viktoria Luise o Proushie (13 September 1892 – 11 December 1980) mairit Ernst August, Duke o Brunswick an haed issue.

Teetles an styles[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • 27 Januar 1859 – 9 Mairch 1888 His Ryal Highness Prince Wilhelm o Proushie.
  • 9 Mairch 1888 – 15 Juin 1888 His Imperial and Ryal Highness The German Croun Prince, Crown Prince o Proushie.
  • 15 Juin 1888 – 18 November 1918 His Imperial an Ryal Majesty The German Emperor, King o Proushie
  • 18 November 1918 - 4 Juin 1941 His Imperial an Ryal Majesty The German Emperor, King o Proushie (in pretense)

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Cecil 1996, vol. 2, pp. 138–41.

Soorces[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Cecil, Lamar (1996), Wilhelm II: Emperor and Exile, 1900–1941, ISBN 0-8078-2283-3, archived frae the original on 20 Apryle 2010, retrieved 6 Juin 2018.