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Houston, Texas
Ceety o Houston
Houston montage.jpg
Banner o Houston, Texas
Offeecial seal o Houston, Texas
Nickname(s): Space Ceety (offeecial), mair...
Location o Houston ceety leemits in an aroond Harris Coonty
Location o Houston ceety leemits in an aroond Harris Coonty
Kintra  Unitit States o Americae
State  Texas
Coonties Harris, Fort Bend, Montgomery
Incorporatit Juin 5, 1837
 • Teep Mayor–cooncil
 • Bouk Houston Ceety Cooncil
 • Mayor Annise Parker
 • Ceety 627.8 sq mi (1,625.2 km2)
 • Laund 599.59 sq mi (1,552.9 km2)
 • Watter 27.9 sq mi (72.3 km2)
 • Metro 10,062 sq mi (26,060 km2)
Elevation 43 ft (13 m)
Population (2010 Census)[1][2]
 • Ceety 2,195,914 (4t U.S.)
 • Density 3,662/sq mi (1,414/km2)
 • Urban 4,944,332 (7t U.S.)
 • Metro 6,313,158 (5t U.S.)
 • Demonym Houstonian
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Aurie code(s) 281, 346, 713, 832
FIPS code 48-35000[3]
GNIS feature ID 1380948[4]
Website houstontx.gov

Houston (/[unsupported input]ˈhjuːstən/) is the fowert-lairgest ceety in the Unitit States o Americae an the lairgest ceety in the state o Texas. As o the 2009 U.S. Census estimate, the ceety haed a population o 2.3 million athin an aurie o 579 square miles (1,500 km2). Houston is the seat o Harris Coonty an the economic centre o the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan aurie—the saxt-lairgest metropolitan aurie in the U.S. wi a population o 5.9 million.

Houston wis foondit on August 30, 1836, bi brithers Augustus Chapman Allen an John Kirby Allen on land naur the banks o Buffalo Bayou. The ceety wis incorporatit on Juin 5, 1837, an named efter then-Preses o the Republic o Texas—umwhile General Sam Houston—who haed commandit at the Battle o San Jacinto, whilk teuk place 25 miles (40 km) east o whaur the ceety wis established. The burgeonin port an railwey industry, combined wi oil discivery in 1901, haes induced continual surges in the ceety's population. In the mid-twintiet century, Houston became the hame o the Texas Medical Centre—the warld's lairgest concentration o heal care an research institutions—an NASA's Johnson Space Centre, whaur the Mission Control Centre is locatit.[5]

Ratit as a beta warld ceety, Houston's economy haes a braid industrial base in the energy, manufacturin, aeronautics, transportation, an heal care sectors an is a leadin centre for biggin oilfield equipment; anerlie New York Ceety is hame tae mair Fortune 500 heidquarters in the ceety limits.[6][7] The Port o Houston ranks first in the Unitit States in internaitional watterborne tonnage handled an seicont in total fraucht tonnage handled.[8] The ceety haes a population frae various ethnic an releegious backgrunds an a lairge an growin internaitional community. It is hame tae mony cultural institutions an exhibits—attractin mair than 7 million visitors a year tae the Houston Museum Destrict. Houston haes an active visual an performin airts scene in the Theatre Destrict an is ane o few U.S. ceeties that affer year-roond resident companies in aw major performin airts.[9]

Twin touns an sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Republic o Cheenae Taipei, Taiwan (1963)
Spain Huelva, Spain (1969)
Japan Chiba, Japan (1973)
Fraunce Nice, Fraunce (1973)
Azerbaijan Baku, Azerbaijan (1976)
Scotland Grampian Region, Scotland (1979)
Norawa Stavanger, Norrowey (1980)
Australie Perth, Australie (1983)
Turkey Istanbul, Turkey (1986)
Fowkrepublic o Cheenae Shenzhen, Fowkrepublic o Cheenae (1986)
Ecuador Guayaquil, Ecuador (1987)
Germany Leipzig, Germany (1993)
Roushie Tyumen, Roushie (1995)
Unitit Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi, Unitit Arab Emirates (2001)
Angolae Luanda, Angolae (2003)
Mexico Tampico, Mexico (2003)
Pakistan Karachi, Pakistan (2009)

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Texas by Place - GCT-T1-R. Census". US Census. Retrieved 2014-02-23. 
  2. Lee, Renée C. (3 December 2012). "City wins census appeal; count adjusted". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 23 Februar 2014. 
  3. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. Texas Medical Center. (2006). In 'A Vision for Strategic Growth'. September 14, 2010 from http://www.texasmedicalcenter.org/NR/rdonlyres/2C814975-2A2B-4AC1-B898-0C424A311C28/0/50YearMasterPlanLowRes2006UpdateV2.pdf
  6. Fortune 500 2010: Cities Accessed May 25, 2011
  7. "A.T. Kearney Global Cities Index 2010" (PDF). A.T. Kearney. Retrieved Mey 25, 2011. 
  8. U.S. Port Ranking by Cargo Volume 2004. Port Industry Information, American Association of Port Authorities. 2004. Retrieved on 2007-01-15. Archived September 27, 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  9. "Museums and Cultural Arts PDF (31.8 KB)", Greater Houston Partnership. Retrieved on 2009-03-21.