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Cottbus Altmarkt (old market square)
Cottbus Altmarkt (old market square)
Coat o airms o Cottbus
Coat o airms
Kintra Germany
State Brandenburg
Destrict Urban district
 • Laird Mayor Frank Szymanski (SPD)
 • Total 164.28 km2 (63.43 sq mi)
Elevation 70 m (230 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Tot 99,687
 • Density 610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 03042-03055
Diallin codes 0355
Vehicle registration CB

Cottbus (German pronunciation: [ˈkɔtbʊs]; Lawer Sorbie: Chóśebuz; Czech: Chotěbuz; Pols: Chociebuż) is a varsity ceety in Brandenburg, Germany, situatit aroond 125 km (78 mi) sootheast o Berlin, on the River Spree. Cottbus is a major railway junction wi extensive sidins/depots.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The dounset wis established in the 10t century, when Sorbs erectit a castle on a sandy island in the River Spree. The first recorded mention o the toun's name wis in 1156. In the 13t century German settlers came tae the toun and thareefter livit side-by-side wi the Sorbs. In medieval times Cottbus wis kent for oo, an the toun's drapery wis exportit aw ower the Brandenburg, Bohemie an Saxony. In 1462 Cottbus wis acquired bi the Margraviate o Brandenburg; in 1701 the ceety became pairt o the Kingdom o Proushie. In 1815 the surrounding districts of Upper and Lawer Lusatie were cedit bi the Kinrick o Saxony tae Proushie. During World War II, Cottbus was taken bi the Red Airmy on 22 Apryle 1945.

Frae 1949 till German reunification in 1990, Cottbus wis pairt o the German Democratic Republic (East Germany).

Demografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Cultur an education[eedit | eedit soorce]

Cottbus is the cultural centre o the Lawer Sorbie minority. Mony signs in the toun are bilingual, an there is a Lawer Sorbie-middlin Gymnasium, but Sorbie is rarely spoken on the streets.

Next tae Cottbus is the famous Branitz Park, creatit bi Prince Hermann von Pückler-Muskau efter 1845. Schloss Branitz (Branitz Castle) wis rebuilt bi Gottfried Semper in a late Baroque style atween 1846 an 1852, end the gardens laid bi Prince Hermann feature twa pyramids. Ane o these, the Seepyramide, is in the middle o a airtificial loch an serves as his mauseoleum.[2]

Cottbus is hame o the Brandenburg Varsity o Technology (BTU) an the maths/science-orientit Max-Steenbeck-Gymnasium, which is namit efter the pheesicist Max Steenbeck.

Every year Cottbus is host tae the East European Film Festival.

Cottbus haes a fitbaa team cried FC Energie Cottbus, which currently play in the 2. Fußball-Bundesliga. Their hame matches are played at the ceety's Stadion der Freundschaft.

Pouer generation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Thare are several coal-fired pouer stations in the aurie aroond Cottbus (Lausitz). The biggest stations are "Schwarze Pumpe" (1600 MW), "Boxberg" (1900 MW) an "Jänschwalde" (3000 MW).

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns – Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Cottbus is twinned wi:[3]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2015 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 2016. 
  2. Udo Lauer, Fürst Pücklers Traumpark, Ullstein Verlag, 1996, Berlin
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 "Our twin cities - Cottbus". Retrieved 2013-06-24.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  4. "Zielona Góra Miasta partnerskie". Urząd Miasta Zielona Góra. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  5. "International Contacts". Targovishte Municipality. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2007-08-13. Retrieved 2013-08-29. 
  6. "Twin cities of the City of Kosice". Magistrát mesta Košice, Tr. Retrieved 2013-07-27. 
  7. "Town Twinnings". Landeshauptstadt Saarbrücken. Retrieved 2013-06-11. 
  8. "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr District" (PDF). 2009 Retrieved 28 October 2009.  External link in |publisher= (help)[deid airtin]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Germany destricts Brandenburg

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