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Essen skyline
Essen skyline
Banner o Essen
Coat o airms o Essen
Coat o airms
Essen is locatit in Germany
Location o Essen athin North Rhine-Westphalie
North rhine w E.svg
Coordinates: 51°27′3″N 7°0′47″E / 51.45083°N 7.01306°E / 51.45083; 7.01306Coordinates: 51°27′3″N 7°0′47″E / 51.45083°N 7.01306°E / 51.45083; 7.01306
Kintra Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalie
Admin. region Düsseldorf
Destrict Urban destrict
Subdivisions 9 destricts, 50 burghs
 • Laird Mayor Reinhard Paß (SPD)
 • Governing parties SPD / CDU
 • City 210.32 km2 (81.21 sq mi)
Elevation 116 m (381 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Ceety 582,624
 • Density 2,800/km2 (7,200/sq mi)
 • Urban 5.302.179
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 45001–45359
Diallin codes 0201, 02054 (Kettwig)
Vehicle registration E

Essen (German pronunciation: [ˈɛsən]) is a ceety in the central pairt o the Ruhr aurie in North Rhine-Westphalie, Germany. Locatit on the River Ruhr, its population o approximately 579,000 (as o Juin 30, 2008) makes it the 9t-lairgest ceety in Germany. For the year 2010, Essen wis the European Caipital o Cultur on behauf o the whole Ruhr aurie.

Umwhile ane o Germany's maist important coal an steel centres an historically linked tae the centuries-auld Krupp family iron works, the ceety haes developed a strang tertiary sector o industry an (sometimes thegither wi nearbi Düsseldorf) claims tae be the "desk o the Ruhr aurie".[2] It is hame tae 13 o the 100 lairgest German corporations an seat tae several o the region's authorities.

In 1958, the ceety wis chosen tae serve as the seat tae a Roman Catholic diocese (aften referred tae as Ruhrbistum or diocese o the Ruhr). In early 2003, the universities o Essen an the nearbi ceety o Duisburg (baith established in 1972) wur merged intae the University o Duisburg-Essen wi campuses in baith ceeties an a university hospital in Essen.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns – sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Essen is twinned wi:[3]

The Ceety o Monessen, PA, situatit alang the Monongahela River, wis named efter the river an Essen.[5]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 18 July 2016. 
  2. ("Schreibtisch des Ruhrgebiets")[deid airtin]
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr District" (PDF). Retrieved 28 October 2009.  Freemit airtin in |publisher= (help)
  4. Jérôme Steffenino, Marguerite Masson. "Ville de Grenoble – Coopérations et villes jumelles". Archived frae the oreeginal on October 14, 2007. Retrieved 29 October 2009.