Åland

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Åland Islands

  • Landskapet Åland  (Swadish)
  • Ahvenanmaan maakunta  (Finnish)
Banner o Åland Islands
Banner
Motto: "Islands o Peace"[1]
AnthemÅlänningens sång
"Song of the Ålander"
Location o Åland within Finland
Location o Åland within Finland
Caipital
and largest city
Mariehamn
60°07′N 019°54′E / 60.117°N 19.900°E / 60.117; 19.900
Offeecial leidsSwadish
Demonym(s)
    • Ålandic
    • Ålandish
    • Ålänning
    • Åländare
  • Ahvenanmaalainen
Sovereign state Republic o Finland
GovrenmentAutonomous region o Finland
• Govrenora
Peter Lindbäck
• Premier
Katrin Sjögren
LegislaturLagting
Autonomy
• Act on the Autonomy o Åland
7 Mey 1920[2]
• Recognised
1921b
1 Januar 1995c
Aurie
• Total
1,580[3] km2 (610 sq mi) (unranked)
Population
• 2017 estimate
29,489[4]
• Density
18.36/km2 (47.6/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2007 estimate
• Total
$1.563 billion[5]
• Per capita
$55,829
HDI (2017)0.900[6]
verra heich
CurrencyEuro (€)d (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Cawin code+358e
ISO 3166 codeAX
Internet TLD.axf
  1. The govrenorship is an admeenistrative post appyntit bi the Govrenment o Finland an daes nae hae any authority ower the autonomous Govrenment o Åland.
  2. Settled bi the League o Naitions follaein the Åland Islands dispute.
  3. Åland held a separate referendum an then jynt at the same time as the rest o Finland.
  4. Til 1999, the Finnish markka. The Swadish krona (SEK) is an aw widely uised.
  5. Aurie code 18.
  6. Replacin .aland.fi frae August 2006. The .eu domain is an aw used, as it is shared wi Finland an the rest o European Union member states.

Åland (Swadish pronunciation: [ˈoːland], Finnish: Ahvenanmaa), is an autonomous region an a airchipelago in the Easter Seas. They are situatit at the entrance tae the Guwf o Bothnie an form an autonomous, demilitarised, monolingually Swadish-speakin region o Finland. The islands collectively constitute the smawest region o Finland, wi anerlie 0.49% o its land aurie, an 0.50% o its population.

Åland comprises Fasta Åland (the "Main Island," wi 90% o the population),[7] thegither wi an airchipelago tae the east that comprises ower 6,500 skerries an islands. Fasta Åland is separatit frae the coast o Swaden bi 38 kilometres (24 mi) o open water tae the wast. In the east, the Åland airchipelago is contiguous wi the Finnish Airchipelago Sea. Åland's anerlie land border is locatit on the uninhabitit skerry o Märket,[8] which it shares wi Swaden.

Acause o the autonomous status o the Åland Islands, the pouers exercised at the provincial level bi representatives o the central state admeenistration in the rest o Finland are lairgely exercised bi the Govrenment o Åland in Åland.

Municipalities[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Tim Vickery, Associated Press (18 July 2004) Deseret News.
  2. Hurst Hannum (1993). "Agreement between Sweden and Finland Relating to Guarantees in the Law of 7 May 1920 on the Autonomy of the Aaland Islands". Basic Documents on Autonomy and Minority Rights. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. p. 141. ISBN 0-7923-1977-X. 
  3. "Ennakkoväkiluku sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, helmikuu.2016". Pxnet2.stat.fi. Retrieved 31 March 2016. 
  4. "Ålands officiella statistikmyndighet". asub.ax.
  5. "Välkommen till ÅSUB! - Ålands statistik- och utredningsbyrå". Asub.ax. Retrieved 26 October 2017. 
  6. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org (in Inglis). Retrieved 2018-09-13. 
  7. The Åland Islands
  8. an account of the border on Märket, and how it was redrawn in 1985, appears in Hidden Europe Magazine, 11 (November 2006) pp. 26-29 ISSN 1860-6318

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