Sottunga

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Sottunga
Municipality
Sottunga kommun
The soothern end o Storsottunga as seen frae a passin ferry in 2004
The soothern end o Storsottunga as seen frae a passin ferry in 2004
Coat o airms o Sottunga
Coat o airms
Location o Sottunga in Finland
Location o Sottunga in Finland
Sottunga is locatit in Åland
Sottunga
Sottunga
Location in Åland Islands
Coordinates: 60°08′N 020°40′E / 60.133°N 20.667°E / 60.133; 20.667Coordinates: 60°08′N 020°40′E / 60.133°N 20.667°E / 60.133; 20.667
Kintra  Finland
Region Åland
Sub-region Archipelago sub-region
Chairter 1959
Govrenment
 • Municipal manager Christer von Essen
Aurie (2011-01-01)[1]
 • Total 342.46 km2 (132.22 sq mi)
 • Laund 28.05 km2 (10.83 sq mi)
 • Watter 314.41 km2 (121.39 sq mi)
Aurie rank 266t lairgest in Finland
Population (2013-08-31)[2]
 • Tot 104
 • Rank 336t lairgest in Finland
 • Density 3.71/km2 (9.6/sq mi)
Population bi native leid[3]
 • Swedish 88.7% (offeecial)
 • Finnish 8.7%
 • Ithers 2.6%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 tae 14 10.4%
 • 15 tae 64 60.9%
 • 65 or aulder 28.7%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Simmer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 18%
Wabsteid www.sottunga.ax

Sottunga is an island municipality o the Åland Islands, an autonomous territory o Finland. The municipality is the smawest when it comes tae population in Åland an in Finland, wi a population o anerlie 110 (31 Januar 2011) an covers an aurie o 342.46 square kilometres (132.22 sq mi) o which 314.41 km2 (121.39 sq mi) is watter.[1] The population density is 3.92 indwallers per square kilometre (10.2 /sq mi). The municipality is unilingually Swadish, wi 88.7% o the indwallers speakin Swadish as thair native leid.[6] Sottunga comprises mony islands, o which anerlie three, Husö, Finnö an Storsottunga, are inhabitit. Storsottunga is uisually cried Sottunga. Thare are five veelages in the municipality: Finnö, Husö, Hästö, Mosshaga an Sottunga. The heichest pynt o Sottunga is Kasberget (25 m).

Sottunga can be reached bi ferry frae Långnäs in Lumparland an Galtby in Korpo an mony ferries pass the island athoot makkin a stap.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Lik the rest o Eastren Åland, Sottunga got its first permanent indwallers sometime in the 11t century, awtho thare is evidence that the island haes haed indwallers lang afore that. The name Sottunga itsel is thocht tae predate the 11t century. In the 17t century thare wur some ten hoosehaulds on the island an aboot 70 indwallers.

Sottunga haes suffered durin mony wars, first durin the Great Northern War in 1714–22 when aw o Åland fled tae Swaden an again durin the Finnish War o 1808-09 when aw the biggins on the island wur set on fire in order tae prevent them frae fawin intae enemy haunds. In 1800, afore the Finnish War, the island haed been visitit bi Keeng Gustaf Adolf. Later durin the Winter War o 1939–40 the island wis bombed bi the Soviet Union. The bombs wur responsible for the sinkin o the cargo ship s/s Notung in 1940 juist northeast o Sottunga.

The population o Sottunga reached its peak in the 1920s wi aboot 400 indwallers frae which it haes gradually declined durin the 20t century.

Sichts[eedit | eedit soorce]

The kirk o Sottunga wis oreeginally biggit in 1661. The modren kirk on the steid wis biggit in 1728 efter a fire haed destroyed the oreeginal ane. It is the smawest widden kirk in Finland. Its clock touer wis biggit in 1770 an the biggin wis renovatit in 1802. The pentin at the altar wis made bi P. Berggren in Stockholm, Swaden, in 1845.

Afore the kirk wis biggit Sottunga haed a chapel which wis biggit in 1544 an which wis approximately ane kilometer away frae the contemporary kirk.

On the island o Södö thare are auld mines datin back tae the 19t century. Anerlie 1,700 tons o iron ore wur iver mined atween the years 1839 an 1847 when the mines wur operatin. The day the island is uninhabitit but open tae visitors.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sottunga daes no hae mony indwallers an sae the island haes anerlie ane bank, ane post office, ane primary schuil an ane healcare center. Anerlie 1.54 km2 (0.59 sq mi) is cultivatit an commercial fishin is no practiced onymair. The industry o the island is dominatit bi dairy products an the cultivation o sugar beet.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Area by municipality as of 1 Januar 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 Mairch 2011.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  2. "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 31.8.2013" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  3. "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 Dizember 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 Mairch 2009.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  4. "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 Dizember 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 Apryle 2009.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  5. "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 Mairch 2011.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  6. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named population by language

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Media relatit tae Sottunga at Wikimedia Commons