Solingen

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Solingen
Typical Hooses in Solingen-Gräfrath
Typical Hooses in Solingen-Gräfrath
Coat o airms o Solingen
Solingen is located in Germany
Solingen
Solingen
Coordinates 51°10′0″N 7°05′0″E / 51.16667°N 7.08333°E / 51.16667; 7.08333
Admeenistration
Kintra Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalie
Admin. region Düsseldorf
Destrict Urban destrict
Laird Mayor Norbert Feith, CDU (CDU)
Basic statistics
Aurie 89.45 km2 (34.54 sq mi)
Elevation 53-276 m
Population 155,316 (31 Dizember 2012)[1]
 - Density 1,736 /km2 (4,497 /sq mi)
Ither information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate SG
Postal codes 42601-42719
Aurie code 0212
Wabsteid www.solingen.de

Solingen is a ceety in North Rhine-Westphalie, Germany. It is locatit on the northren edge o the region cried Bergisches Land, sooth o the Ruhr aurie, an wi a 2009 population[2] o 161,366 is the seicont lairgest ceety in the Bergisches Land. It is a member o the regional authority o the Rhineland.

Solingen is cried the "Ceety o Blades", syne it haes lang been renouned for the manufacturin o fine swords, knives, scissors an razors made bi famous firms such as DOVO Solingen, Wüsthof, J. A. Henckels, Böker, Eickhorn-Solingen, an numerous ither manufacturers. Wilkinson is an aa based here. Compare wi Sheffield an Birmingham in Ingland.

In Medieval times, the swordsmiths o Solingen coined the toun's image, which is preserved tae this date. In the latter pairt o the 17t century, a group o swordsmiths frae Solingen brak their guild oaths bi takin their sword-makin secrets wi them tae Shotley Brig, Coonty Durham in Ingland. Some 90% o German knives are produced in Solingen.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Solingen lies soothwast o Wuppertal in the Bergisches Land. The ceety haes an aurie o 89.45 square kilometres (34.54 sq. miles), o which roughly 50% is uised for agricultur, horticultur, or forestry. The ceety's border is 62 kilometres (38.5 miles) lang, an the ceety's dimensions are 15.6 kilometres (9.7 miles) east tae wast an 11.7 kilometres (7.3 miles) north tae sooth. The Wupper river, a richt tributary the Rhine, flows through the ceety for 26 kilometres (16.2 miles). The ceety's heichest point at 276 metres (906 ft) is in the northren borough o Gräfrath at the Licht Touer, previously the water touer, an the lawest point at 53 metres (174 ft) is in the soothwast.

Neighbourin ceeties an communities[eedit | eedit soorce]

The follaein ceeties an communities share a border wi Solingen, stairtin in the northeast an goin clockwise aroond the ceety:

Ceety admeenistration[eedit | eedit soorce]

Solingen currently consists o five boroughs. Each borough haes a municipal cooncil o either 13 or 15 representatives (Bezirksvertreter) electit ivery five years bi the borough's population. The municipal councils are responsible for mony o the boroughs' important admeenistrative affairs.

The five ceety boroughs:

  • Gräfrath
  • Wald (Solingen)
  • Solingen-Mitte
  • Ohligs/Aufderhöhe/Merscheid
  • Höhscheid/Burg

The individuals boroughs are in pairt composed o separate quarters or residential auries wi their awn names, although they aften lack precise borders. Examples o these auries are Balkhausen, Brabant, Broßhaus, Central, Dahl, Demmeltrath, Dorperhof, Flachsberg, Fürk, Fürkeltrath, Fuhr, Glüder, Gosse, Hackhausen, Haasenmühle, Hasseldelle, Hästen, Ittertal, Kannenhof, Katternberg, Ketzberg, Kohlfurth, Kotzert, Krahenhöhe, Külf, Landwehr, Mangenberg, Mankhaus, Maubes, Meigen, Müngsten, Nümmen, Papiermühle, Piepersberg, Rüden, Schaberg, Schieten, Schnittert, Theegarten, Unterland, Weyer, Widdert, Wilzhaus, an Zum Holz.

Population[eedit | eedit soorce]

Solingen's population doubled atween the years 1880 an 1890 due tae the incorporation o the ceety Dorp intae Solingen in 1889, at which time the population reached 36,000. The population again received a lairge boost on August 1, 1929 through the incorporation o Ohligs, Wald, Höhscheid, an Gräfrath intae the ceety limits. This brought the population abuin the 100,000 mark, which gave Solingen the destinction o "lairge ceety" (Großstadt). The number o inhabitants peaked in 1971 wi 177,899 residents, an the 2006 population figure wis 163,263.

The follaein chairt shows the population figures athin Solingen's ceety limits at the respective points in time. The figures are derived frae census estimates or numbers providit bi statistical offices or ceety agencies, wi the exception o figurs precedin 1843, which wur gathered uisin inconsistent recordin techniques.

Releegion[eedit | eedit soorce]

Solingen haes belanged frae its beginnins tae the Roman Catholic Airchdiocese o Cologne (Erzbistum Köln), an mair specifically tae the Airchdeaconry o the Probst (provost) o St. Kunibert, the deanery o Deutz. Although the Protestant Reformation gradually made gains in the ceety, which wis unner the control o the Coonts o Berg, the population bi an lairge remained Catholic. The Catholic community wis newly endoued bi the local laird in 1658 an in 1701 received a new kirk. In 1827 Solingen became the seat o its awn deanery athin the newly defined Airchdiocese o Cologne, tae which the ceety's current parishes still belang.

As mentioned, the Reformation anerlie gradually gained a fuithauld in Solingen. A reformed kirk affiliatit wi the Bergisch synod wis established in 1590, an the ceety's parish kirk became reformed in 1649. Lutherans haed been present in Solingen syne the beginnin o the 17t century, an a Lutheran congregation wis foondit in 1635. In 1672 a formalized releegious greement wis reached atween the ceety's releegious groups. The Reformation wis an aa introduced in Gräfrath in 1590, whaur a kirk cooncil wis apparently established in 1629. The Reformed an Lutheran kirks wur formed intae a unitit kirk community in 1838 follaein the general merger o Reformed an Lutheran churches in Proushie in 1817.

The Protestant parishes oreeginally belanged tae the destrict synod o Lennep, the day pairt o the ceety Remscheid. A new synod wis established in Solingen in 1843, an the ceety acquired its awn superintendent, a form o kirk admeenistrator. This formed the basis for the present-day Kirk Destrict o Solingen, a member o the Evangelical Kirk in the Rhineland. Wi the exception o the free kirks, maist Protestant kirks belang tae the Kirk Destrict o Solingen.

The day approximately 34% o Solingen's population belangs tae Protestant kirks, an roughly 26% belang tae Catholic kirks. Ither kirk communities in Solingen include Greek Orthodox, Evangelical Free (includin Baptist an Bretheran), Methodist, Seventh-day Adventist, Pentecostal, Salvation Airmy, an free kirks. The Kirk o Jesus Christ o Latter-day Saunts, Jehovah's Witnesses an the New Apostolic Kirk an aw hae communities in Solingen.

Main sichts[eedit | eedit soorce]

Müngstener Brücke, a railroad brig atween Solingen an Remscheid.

Locations o note in the ceety include:

Notable fowk[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 31 July 2013. 
  2. "Bevölkerung im Regierungsbezirk Detmold". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 22 April 2010.  (German)

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]