Leverkusen

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Leverkusen
Morsbroich Palace
Morsbroich Palace
Flag of Leverkusen
Coat o airms o Leverkusen
Leverkusen is located in Germany
Leverkusen
Leverkusen
Coordinates 51°02′N 6°59′E / 51.033°N 6.983°E / 51.033; 6.983
Admeenistration
Kintra Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalie
Admin. region Cologne
Destrict Urban destrict
Mayor Reinhard Buchhorn (CDU)
Govrenin pairties CDUSPD / Bürgerliste
Basic statistics
Aurie 78.85 km2 (30.44 sq mi)
Elevation 60 m  (197 ft)
Population 159,926 (31 Dizember 2012)[1]
 - Density 2,028 /km2 (5,253 /sq mi)
Ither information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate LEV
Aurie codes 0214, 02171 & 02173
Wabsteid www.Leverkusen.de/English

Leverkusen (German pronunciation: [ˈleːfɐˌkuːzn̩]) is a ceety in North Rhine-Westphalie, Germany on the eastren bank o the Rhine. Tae the sooth, Leverkusen borders the ceety o Cologne an tae the north is the state caipital Düsseldorf.

Wi aboot 161,000 inhabitants, Leverkusen is ane o the state's smawer ceeties. The ceety is kent for the pharmaceutical company Bayer an its associatit sports club Bayer 04 Leverkusen.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Datin tae the 12t century as Wiesdorf, the Leverkusen aurie wis rural till the late 19t century.

Chemical facility

In 1860, Wiesdorf wis chosen bi the apothecary Carl Leverkus for establishin a dye factory. The factory wis taken ower bi the Bayer company in 1891. The company muivit its office tae Wiesdorf in 1912, turning the town into the centre of German chemical industry. In Warld War II, the Bayer (Standard Oil/IG Farben) plant [1] wis bombit on 22 August 1943,[2] an durin the Battle o Berlin (air) on November 19/20 an December 10/11, 1943.

Leverkusen wis foondit in 1930 bi mergin Wiesdorf, Schlebusch, Steinbüchel an Rheindorf. In 1975, Opladen (includin Lützenkirchen syne 1930), Hitdorf an Bergisch Neukirchen joined. The present ceety is made up o several veelages, oreeginally cried Wiesdorf, Opladen, Schlebusch, Lützenkirchen, Steinbüchel, Rheindorf an Bergisch-Neukirchen.

Main sichts an places o interest[eedit | eedit soorce]

Japanese Garden in front o the Bayer touer
BayArena
The BayArena is the stadium an hame o Leverkusen's fitbaa team Bayer 04 Leverkusen. Efter the extension the stadium nou haulds place for ower 30,210 fowk.
Bayer Cross Leverkusen
The Bayer Cross Leverkusen is ane o the lairgest illuminatit advertisements in the warld. It haes a identifyin meanin for Leverkusen's population.
Freudenthaler Sensenhammer
the Sensenhammer is a 'livin' industrial museum. The permanent exhibition includes manufratur o scythes an drepanium an the uise o those tuils in fermin. The museum itsel is the biggest exhibit. The museum is uised in a different wey an aw, for example for concerts or theater.
  • Schloss Morsbroich - moatit castle in the baroque style, nou a museum for contemporary airt
  • Water Tower Leverkusen-Bürrig - 72.45-metre-high (237.7 ft) watter reservoir containin an observation deck
  • Neuland Park - lairge pairk beside the Rhine
  • Japanese Garden - A garden creatit bi Carl Duisberg at 1923
  • Colony o wirkers - historical urban destrict in the center o Leverkusen
  • Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit - historical Boat brig next tae the Rhine atween Wiesdorf an Rheindorf
  • Mausoleum o Carl Duisberg - mausoleum in the center o the Carl Duisberg Pairk next tae the Casino
  • NaturGut Ophoven - educational center for natur in Leverkusen-Opladen



Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

BayArena
Main airticle: Leet o twin touns an sister ceeties in Germany

Leverkusen is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 31 July 2013. 
  2. "Twin towns". www.ouka.fi. Retrieved 2009-11-07. 
  3. (Bracknell Town, part of the Bracknell Forest local authority twinned with Opladen in 1973, Opladen then incorporated with Leverkusen in 1975
  4. "Twin towns". www.ratibor.de. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 

Literature[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Blaschke, Stefan (1999): Unternehmen und Gemeinde: Das Bayerwerk im Raum Leverkusen 1891-1914 Cologne: SH-Verlag, ISBN 3-89498-068-0 (German)
  • Archive of Leverkusen (2005): Leverkusen. Geschichte einer Stadt am Rhein. Bielefeld: Verlag für Regionalgeschichte, ISBN 3-89534-575-X (German)
  • Franz Gruß (1987): Geschichte und Porträt der Stadt Leverkusen. Leverkusen: Verlag Anna Gruß, ISBN 3-930478-03-X (German)

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]