Oberbergischer Kreis

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Oberbergischer Kreis
Destrict
Kintra Banner o Germany Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalie
Adm. region Cologne
Caipital Gummersbach
Area
 • Total 918.53 km2 (354.65 sq mi)
Population (31 Dizember 2012)[1]
 • Total 271,332
 • Density 300/km2 (770/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration GM
Website http://www.oberbergischer-kreis.de

The Oberbergischer Kreis is a Kreis (destrict) in the state o North Rhine-Westphalie, Germany. Neighbourin destricts are Ennepe-Ruhr, Märkischer Kreis, Olpe, Altenkirchen, Rhein-Sieg, Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis, an the urban destricts Remscheid an Wuppertal.

Name[eedit | eedit soorce]

The aurie o the Bergisches Land belangit tae the Coonty o Berg for maist o the medieval times, which still gives the destrict its name. Wha is cried "Oberbergisch" ('upper Bergian') lees in the sootheast o that earldom: Awready in 1740, a description o wha haed meanwhile become a duchy made a destinction atween the "Niederbergisch" part north o the river Wupper an the "Oberbergisch" tae its sooth.

In 1816, efter the whole Rhineland wis annexed tae Proushie, the destricts o Waldbröl, Homburg, Gimborn, Wipperfürth, an Lennep wur creatit on the aurie nou covered bi the destrict. In 1825 the destricts Gimborn an Homburg wur mergit tae the destrict Gummersbach. In 1932 it wis mergit wi the destrict o Waldbröl, an then for the first time cried Oberbergischer Kreis. The restructurin o the destricts in 1969/75 did then create the destrict tae its current extent.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Oberbergischer Kreis covers the hills wast o the Sauerland an north o the Westerwald. It constitutes the eastren pairt o the Bergisches Land natur reserve. Situatit at an altitude o 100–520 meters abuin sea level, it is rich in wood an watter (numberin ten airtificial lakes) an thus a recreational aurie for citizens frae Cologne, the Ruhr an the Netherlands.

The prevailing rock is greywacke, which wis an in places still is mined in lairge stane quarries.

Coat o airms[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coat of arms The coat o airms is a combination o the heraldic signs o the territories the destrict belangit tae. The red-white bar in the top seembolizes the Coonty o Mark an the lion that o Berg. Homburg Castle (near Nümbrecht) wis the seat o the Princes o Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg.

Politics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Destrict admeenistrator[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • 1945-1951: Dr. August Dresbach, CDU
  • 1951-1952: Fritz Eschmann, SPD
  • 1952-1956: Wilhelm Henn, CDU
  • 1956-1961: Fritz Eschmann, SPD
  • 1961-1964: Reinhard Kaufmann, CDU
  • 1964-1969: Dr. Heinrich Schild, CDU
  • 1969-1989: Hans Wichelhaus, CDU
  • 1989-1994: Hans-Leo Kausemann, CDU
  • 1994-1999: Herbert Heidtman, SPD

Syne the 1 October 1999 there is anerlie ane (directly electit) Destrict admeenistrator who at the same time is heid o management:

  • 1999-2004: Hans-Leo Kausemann, CDU
  • 2004-today: Hagen Jobi, CDU

Destrict Admeenistrator for the management[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • 1946-1979: Dr. Friedrich-Wilhelm Goldenbogen, CDU
  • 1979-1987: Dr. Dieter Fuchs, CDU
  • 1987-1994: Dr. Gert Ammermann, CDU
  • 1995-1999: Heribert Rohr, SPD

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

The destrict's economy is markit bi sma an middle-sizit industry, pairticularly in the auries o plastic an metal processin.

Places o interest[eedit | eedit soorce]

Homburg Castle

Touns an municipalities[eedit | eedit soorce]

Touns Municipalities
  1. Bergneustadt
  2. Gummersbach
  3. Hückeswagen
  4. Radevormwald
  5. Waldbröl
  6. Wiehl
  7. Wipperfürth
  1. Engelskirchen
  2. Lindlar
  3. Marienheide
  4. Morsbach
  5. Nümbrecht
  6. Reichshof

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Media relatit tae Oberbergischer Kreis at Wikimedie Commons