Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis

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Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis
Destrict

Coat of arms
Kintra  Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalie
Adm. region Arnsberg
Foondit 1 August 1929
Caipital Schwelm
Area
 • Total 408.44 km2 (157.70 sq mi)
Population (31 Dizember 2013)[1]
 • Total 322,731
 • Density 790/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration EN, WIT
Website www.enkreis.de

The Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis is a destrict in the centre o North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is pairt o the soothren Ruhr urban aurie an haes ca. 324,000 inhabitants (2012). The destrict's seat (caipital ceety) is Schwelm; the lairgest o its nine touns is Witten.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name o the destrict describes its geographical location – it is locatit in the valleys o the rivers Ruhr an Ennepe. Geologically it is pairt o the north-eastren Rhenish Massif, a Mittelgebirge landscape; anerly smaw pairts o Witten belang tae the flat Wastphalie Lawland.

Municipalities[eedit | eedit soorce]

The destrict consists o nine municipalities, aw entitled "Stadt" (toun or ceety).

Bochum Dortmund Essen Gelsenkirchen Hagen Herne Kreis Mettmann Kreis Unna Märkischer Kreis Oberbergischer Kreis Remscheid Wuppertal Breckerfeld Ennepetal Gevelsberg Hattingen Herdecke Schwelm Sprockhövel Wetter (Ruhr) WittenMunicipalities in EN.svg
About this image
Municipality Aurie
1. Breckerfeld 58.78 km2 (22.70 sq mi)
2. Ennepetal 57.43 km2 (22.17 sq mi)
3. Gevelsberg 26.29 km2 (10.15 sq mi)
4. Hattingen 71.40 km2 (27.57 sq mi)
5. Herdecke 22.40 km2 (8.65 sq mi)
6. Schwelm 20.50 km2 (7.92 sq mi)
7. Sprockhövel 47.80 km2 (18.46 sq mi)
8. Wetter (Ruhr) 31.47 km2 (12.15 sq mi)
9. Witten 72.37 km2 (27.94 sq mi)
Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis, total 408.44 km2 (157.70 sq mi)

Adjacent ceeties an destricts[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis is boondit bi (frae the north an clockwise) the destrict-free ceeties o Bochum, Dortmund an Hagen, the destricts o Märkischer Kreis (wi Schalksmühle an Halver) an Oberbergischer Kreis (wi Radevormwald), the ceety o Wuppertal, the destrict o Mettmann (wi Velbert) an the ceety o Essen.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Kreishaus (destrict admeenistration biggin) in Schwelm

The destrict wis creatit in 1929 bi mergin the umwhile destrict o Schwelm wi pairts o the umwhile destricts o Hattingen an Hagen. In 1970 an 1975 it wis modifee'd a bit durin the reorganization o the destricts in North Rhine-Westphalie; maist notable wis the inclusion o the previously independent ceety o Witten in 1975.

Coat o airms[eedit | eedit soorce]

In the middle o the coat o airms thare is the checkit red-white bar o the Coonty o Mark, which awned the aurie in medieval times. The twa wavy lines abuin an belaw depict the twa rivers which gave the destrict its name, the Ruhr an the Ennepe.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Media relatit tae Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis at Wikimedie Commons

Coordinates: 51°21′N 7°18′E / 51.350°N 7.300°E / 51.350; 7.300