Roubaix

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Roubaix
The ceety haw
The ceety haw
Coat o airms o Roubaix
Coat o airms
Roubaix is located in Fraunce
Roubaix
Roubaix
Coordinates: 50°41′24″N 3°10′54″E / 50.6901°N 3.18167°E / 50.6901; 3.18167Coordinates: 50°41′24″N 3°10′54″E / 50.6901°N 3.18167°E / 50.6901; 3.18167
Kintra Fraunce
Region Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie
Depairtment Nord
Arrondissement Lille
Canton 2 cantons
Intercommunality European Metropolis o Lille
Govrenment
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Guillaume Delbar
Aurie
 • Land1 13.23 km2 (5.11 sq mi)
Population (2013)2 95,866
INSEE/Postal code 59512 / 59100
Elevation 17–52 m (56–171 ft)
(avg. 35 m or 115 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population withoot dooble coontin: residents o multiple communes (e.g., students an militar personnel) anly coonted ance.

Roubaix (French: Roubaix, pronoonced French pronunciation: [ʀu.bɛ]; Dutch: Robaais, pronoonced Dutch pronunciation: [roʊˈbeɪ]) is an auld industrial ceety an a commune in the Nord depairtment in northren Fraunce, at the sooth o the umwhile province o French Flanders, naur tae the mairch wi Belgium.

Wi ower ninety-five thoosand indwallers,[1] Roubaix is the third-maist populatit ceety o the Hauts-de-France region efter Lille an Amiens. Thegither wi the ceeties o Lille, Tourcoing, Villeneuve-d'Ascq an aichty-sax ither communes,[2] Roubaix forms the European Metropolis o Lille aurie conurbation populatit bi mair than 1.1 million fowk.[3][4]

The ceety o Roubaix is maist weil-kent as the steid o the feenish o the Clessic Paris–Roubaix.

Historie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The steid wis first documentit in 863. It remainit a smaa mercat toun till the nineteent yeirhunder, whan the Industrial Revolution led tae the growthe o the entire aurie. Waxin factories an warkshaps becam employers o monie fowk in Roubaix an the local airt. In 1800, 8,091 indwallers livit in Roubaix; in 1896 the population haed eikit tae 124,661. Durin this stound, the ceety gainit an internaitional staundin for oo an claith production, an becam kent as the "Toun o a thoosand chimneys" or unner the eik-name o "French Mahnchestur".

Internaitional competeetion in textile gart a dwyne in tradeetional local industries atween the nineteen-seventies an nineteen-aichties. In order tae kemp economic, social an environmental difficulties associatit wi deindustrialisation, maist ceety govrenments hae wirkit tae impruive infrastructur, diversify local acteevities, an invest in the airts iver syne.

Fowk[eedit | eedit soorce]

Roubaix haes a multicultural identity stemmin frae its diverse population. Bytimes kent bi thair name in the local variant o the Picard leid, Roubégnos, the ceety's indwallers are referrt tae as Roubaisiens in French an Roubaisians in Inglis.

Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Acause its historical an cultural backgrund, the ceety haes been clesst frae its designation as a Ville d'art et d'histoire[note 1] syne December 2000. The Museum o airt an industrie foondit in 2001 unner the name o La Piscine – Musée d'art et d'industrie André Diligent an ither important cultural venues are locatit in Roubaix.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Roubaix is twinnit wi:

Friendly relationship[eedit | eedit soorce]

Roubaix haes an offeecial friendly relationship wi:

Notes and references[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Toun o airt an historie

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. French 2013 census INSEE - Roubaix
  2. Lecluyse, Frédérick (December 16, 2016). "MEL : on prend les mêmes ou presque et on recommence" [MEL: lat's tak haurdly the same anes an stairt ower]. Nord Éclair (in French). Roubaix, F: La Voix du Nord, S.A. 73 (349, ROUBAIX & SES ALENTOURS): 4. ISSN 1277-1422. 
  3. French 2013 census INSEE - Métropole européenne de Lille
  4. Neveu, Clarisse (December 15, 2016). "Métropole Européenne de Lille : les vice-présidents et conseillers métropolitains délégués élus" [European Metropolis o Lille : electit vice-presidents an metropolitan delegate-councilors]. MEL. Communiqué de presse (in French). Lille, F: Métropole Européenne de Lille. Retrieved 2016-12-18. La fusion, effective au 1er janvier 2017, acte un élargissement historique du territoire de la Métropole Européenne de Lille, passant de 85 à 90 communes pour près d'1.2 million d'habitants. 
  5. "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 2013-07-11. 
  6. "Skopje - Twin towns & Sister cities". Official portal of City of Skopje. © Grad Skopje - 2006 - 2013, www.skopje.gov.mk. Archived frae the oreeginal on 2013-10-24. Retrieved 2013-11-04. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Media relatit tae Roubaix at Wikimedia Commons