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The new Mozhaysk Cathedral, constructit in 1802–1814
The new Mozhaysk Cathedral, constructit in 1802–1814
Banner o Mozhaysk
Coat o airms o Mozhaysk
Coat o airms
Location o Mozhaysk
Mozhaysk is locatit in Roushie
Location o Mozhaysk
Mozhaysk is locatit in Moscow Oblast
Mozhaysk (Moscow Oblast)
Coordinates: 55°30′N 36°02′E / 55.500°N 36.033°E / 55.500; 36.033Coordinates: 55°30′N 36°02′E / 55.500°N 36.033°E / 55.500; 36.033
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Moscow Oblast
Admeenistrative destrict Mozhaysky Destrict
Foondit 1231
 • Mayor Igor Sungurov
 • Total 15 km2 (6 sq mi)
Elevation 210 m (690 ft)
Population (2010 Census)[1]
 • Tot 31,363
 • Estimate (2018)[2] 30,190 (-3.7%)
 • Density 2,100/km2 (5,400/sq mi)
 • Caipital o Mozhaysky Destrict
 • Municipal destrict Mozhaysky Municipal Destrict
 • Urban settlement Mozhaysk Urban Dounset
Time zone Moscow Time Eedit this on Wikidata[3] (UTC+3)
Postal code(s)[4] 143200Eedit this on Wikidata
Dialin code(s) +7 49638
OKTMO ID 46633101001

Mozhaysk[5] (Roushie: Можайск) is a toun an the admeenistrative centre o Mozhaysky Destrict o Moscow Oblast, Roushie, locatit 110 kilometers (68 mi) tae the wast frae the Roushie caipital, on the historic road leadin tae Smolensk an then tae Poland. Population: 31,363 (2010 Census);[1] 31,459 (2002 Census);[6] 30,735 (1989 Census).[7]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The toun wis first mentioned in 1231 as an appanage o Chernigov; it wis namit efter the river Mozhai or Mozhaya, whose name is o Easter oreegin (cf. Lithuanie mažoja 'small').[8] Later it wis an important stranghauld o the Smolensk dynasty, ane time awned bi Feodor the Black. The Muscovites seized it in 1303, but in the course o the follaein century haed serious troubles defendin it against Algirdas o Lithuanie. The principality wis uisually held bi a younger brither o the ruling Grand Duke o Moscow, till the practice wis droppit in 1493. In 1562, the Treaty o Mozhaysk wis signed thare. Mozhaysk continued tae defend the Wastren approaches tae Moscow durin Napoleon's invasion o Roushie an Warld War II (durin which it wis captured bi the Germans on 16 October 1941). The great Battle o Borodino teuk place 12 kilometers (7.5 mi) frae the ceety. Toun status wis grantit tae it in 1708.

Airchitectur[eedit | eedit soorce]

The first stane cathedral wis biggit in the kremlin in the early 14t century; in 1849, it wis demolisht stane bi stane an then reconstructit exactly as it uised tae be. A lairger bluid-red cathedral in the Gothic Revival style wis completit in 1814. The kirk o St. Joachim an Anna preserves some pairts frae the early 15t century. Anither important laundmerk is the Luzhetsky monastery, foondit in 1408 bi Saunt Ferapont an rebuilt in brick in the 16t century. The monastery cathedral, erectit during the reign o Basil III, wis umwhile kent for its frescoes, ascribit tae Dionisy's circle.

In popular cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

The fact that Mozhaysk is ayont the 101st km zone ootside o Moscow an wis frequently the last major stap on the wey tae the caipital, led tae the "push ayont Mozhay" expression (загнать за Можай, zagnat' za Mozhay), which literally means "push (fowk, enemy) awa (frae Moscow) further than Mozhaysk."[9]

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns an sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mozhaysk is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census) (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  3. "Об исчислении времени" [On the calculation of time]. Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Roushie). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019. 
  4. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Roushie)
  5. Alternative transliterations include Mozhaisk, Mozhajsk, Mozhaĭsk, an Možajsk.
  6. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population o Roushie, Its Federal Destricts, Federal Subjects, Destricts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Admeenistrative Centres, an Rural Localities wi Population o Ower 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002] (in Roushie). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [Aw Union Population Census o 1989: Present Population o Union an Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts an Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Destricts, Urban Settlements, an Veelages Servin as Destrict Admeenistrative Centres]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [Aw-Union Population Census o 1989] (in Roushie). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute o Demografie at the Naitional Resairch Varsity: Heicher Schuil o Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. Е. М. Поспелов. "Географические названия мира". Москва, 1998. Стр. 272
  9. Загнать за Можай (in Russian).

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Historical places o the umwhile Grand Duchy o Moscow