Mytishchi

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For ither places, see Mytishchi (inhabitit locality).
Mytishchi (Scots)
Мытищи (Roushie)
-  City  -
Mytischi railway station.jpg
Mytishchi railway station
Missing map.svg
Coat of Arms of Mytishchinsky rayon (Moscow oblast).png
Flag of Mytishchi (Moscow oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
City Day Ane o the Sundays in September[citation needit]
Admeenistrative status
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Moscow Oblast
Admeenistrative destrict Mytishchinsky Destrict[citation needit]
Admeenistrative centre o Mytishchinsky Destrict[citation needit]
Municipal status
Municipal destrict Mytishchinsky Municipal Destrict[citation needit]
Urban settlement Mytishchi Urban Settlement[citation needit]
Head[citation needit] Alexander Kazakov[citation needit]
Representative bouk Cooncil o Deputies[citation needit]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 173,160 inhabitants[1]
Rank in 2010 105t
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[2]
Founded 1460[citation needit]
Dialin code(s) +7 495[citation needit]
Offeecial wabsteid
Mytishchi on Wikimedia Commons

Mytishchi (Roushie: Мытищи) is a ceety an the admeenistrative center o Mytishchinsky Destrict o Moscow Oblast, Roushie, that lees tae the northeast o Roushie's caipital Moscow, on the Yauza River an the Moscow–Yaroslavl railwey. Population: 173,160 (2010 Census);[1] 159,900 (2002 Census);[3] 154,068 (1989 Census);[4] 125,000 (1973); 60,000 (1939).

Mytishchi is famous for its aqueduct, biggit in the 18t century bi order o Catherine the Great. It wis the first watter supply constructit in Roushie tae provide the Kremlin wi pure watter.

The ceety is the oblast's lairgest center for industry (machine biggin, airms industry in pairticular) an eddication.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The first dounset o auncient fowk (hunters an fishermen) is datit tae the 6t–8t millennia BCE, i.e. in the late Stone Age. In the 8t–9t centuries, first Slavic tribes (Vyatichs an Krivichs) began settlin here. In an aroon the Mytishchi destrict aboot a dozen o siclike settlements (11t–13t centuries) are kent.

The dounset o Mytishchi haes been kent syne 1460, syne the 19t century as Bolshiye Mytishchi (Большие Мытищи). The history o the veelage is close linkit tae the Yauzsky port. Mytishchi wis an important place on the trade ship route. Throuch this site commercial ships haed been hauled athort on wheels, rollers, or skids frae the Yauza River tae the Klyazma River. Merchants haed tae pay a duty for this. The dounset got its name thanks tae the duty, that haed been kent as myt (мыт).

In the middle o the 19t century, the population o the veelage wis 389. Toun status wis grantit in 1925.

Twin ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census) (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved Juin 29, 2012. 
  2. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 05 апреля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of April 05, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (Mey 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Roushie). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  4. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Roushie). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]