Medellín

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Medellín
Ceety
Municipio de Medellín

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Location o the ceety (in daurk gray) an municipality (reid) o Medellín in Antioquia Depairtment.
Medellín is located in Colombia
Medellín
Medellín
Location in Colombie
Coordinates: 6°14′9.33″N 75°34′30.49″W / 6.2359250°N 75.5751361°W / 6.2359250; -75.5751361
Kintra Colombie Colombie
Depairtment Antioquia
Foondit 1616
Government
 • Mayor Aníbal Gaviria, 2012−2015
Area
 • Ceety 380 km2 (150 sq mi)
 • Metro 1,152 km2 (445 sq mi)
Elevation 1,495 m (4,905 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Ceety 2 743 049 hab (rankit 2nt)
 • Density 6.925/km2 (17.94/sq mi)
 • Metro 3 592 100 hab
HDI (2010) 0.886 - Very High.[1]
Website Govrenment o Medellín offeecial wabsteid

Medellín (Spainyie pronunciation: [meðeˈʎin]), offeecially the Municipio de Medellín (Spainyie) or Municipality o Medellín, is the seicont lairgest ceety in Colombie. It is in the Aburrá Valley, ane o the mair northerly o the Andes in Sooth Americae. It haes a population o 2.4 million.[2][3] Wi its surroondin aurie, the metropolitan aurie o Medellín (Aurie Metropolitana de Medellín), it is the seicont lairgest ceety in Colombie in terms o population an economy, wi mair than 3.5 million fowk, an ranks in population as the 91st o the warld's lairgest urban agglomerations.

Medellín wis foondit in 1616 bi the Spaniard Francisco Herrera y Campuzano as Poblado de San Lorenzo (Saunt Lawrence Toun) in praisent-day El Poblado. In 1675 the queen consort Mariana o Austrick creatit the Villa de Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria (Toun o Oor Lady at Candelarie).

In 1826 the ceety wis named the caipital o the Depairtment o Antioquia bi the Naitional Congress o the young Republic o Greater Colombie, comprised bi praisent day Colombie, Venezuela, Ecuador an Panama. In 1803 the University o Antioquia, ane o the maist prestigious in Colombie, wis foondit. Efter Colombie wan its unthirldom frae Spain, Medellín becam the caipital o the Federal State o Antioquie till 1888, wi the proclamation o the Colombie Constitution o 1886. Durin the 19t century, Medellín wis a dynamic commercial centre, first exportin gowd, than producin an exportin coffee. Efter the Thoosan Days War (1899 — 1902), Medellín wis the first Colombie ceety tae tak pairt in the Industrial Revolution wi the openin o textile companies, an transport projects sic as railweys that alloued its export business tae develop. Forby, its fowk foondit several varsities an vocational trainin institutions.

At the stairt o the 21st century, the ceety haes regained industrial dynamism, wi the construction o the Metro de Medellín railwey, an leeberalized development policies, improved security, an improved education. The ceety is promotit internaitionally as a tourist destination.

The Medellín Metropolitan Aurie produces 67% o the Depairtment o Antioquie's GDP an 11% o the economy o Colombie.[4] Medellín is important tae the region for its varsities, academies, commerce, industry, science, heal services, flouer-growin, festivals an nichtlife.

Etymology o the name Medellín[eedit | eedit soorce]

The oreeginal Spanish settlement haed five names afore the current ane: Aburrá de los Yamesíes, San Lorenzo de Aburrá, San Lorenzo de Aná, Valle de San Bartolomé, an Villa de la Candelaria de Medellín.

The ceety is named efter Medellín, Spain, whilk is naur Badajoz in Extremadura. The Spainyie Medellín wis foondit as Metellinum in 75 BC bi Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius.[5] Some o the Conquistadors, sic as Gaspar de Rodas, the first govrenor o Antioquia, cam frae the region o Badajoz.

Coont Pedro Portocarrero y Luna, Preses o the Cooncil for the Wast Indies (Consejo de Indias), asked the Spainyie monarchy tae gie the name o his toun, Medellín in Extremadura, tae the new settlement in Americae. His request wis acceptit on 22 November 1674, whan the Regent Mariana o Austrick proclaimed the ceety's name tae be Villa de Nuestra Señora de Medellín. Miguel Aguinaga y Mendiogoitia, Govrenor, makkit the name offeecial on 2 November 1675. The Crown grantit a coat o airms tae the ceety on 24 Juin 1676.[5]

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Medellín is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Veeduria de Medellín. "Veeduría Ciudadana al Plan de Desarrollo de Medellín IDH 2004-2007" (in spanish). 
  2. Helders, Stefan. "World Gazetteer: Colombia: largest cities: calc 2006". Archived from the original on 2007-10-01. Retrieved 2006-06-15. 
  3. Butler, Rhett (2003). "Largest cities in Colombia (2002)". Retrieved 2006-06-15. 
  4. "Report on Medellín's Economy by 2005". Proexport Colombia. Retrieved May 8, 2008. "participation of the cities GDP by countries provided by the International Cooperation Agency of Medellín" 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Ayuntamiento de Medellín (España). Toponímicos de Medellín" (in Spanish). 
  6. "Acuerdos de colaboración según la web del Ayuntamiento de Barcelona". Retrieved April 21, 2008. 
  7. "Sister cities". Online directory: the Americas (the member directory for sister cities in the Americas. Retrieved April 2, 2008. 
  8. "Hermandad entre ciudades". La Nación,. March 14, 2004. 
  9. Gardel en Tacuarembó, Radio Gardel

Freemit airtin[eedit | eedit soorce]