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(Reguidit frae Kurdish fowk)
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کورد, Kurd
Roj emblem.svg
Tot population
estimatit 30[1] tae 38 million[2][3]
Regions wi signeeficant populations
   Turkey11–18.6 million
   Iran6.5–7.9 million
   Iraq6.2–6.5 million
   Sirie2.2-3 million
   Georgie20,843[12] Diaspora
   Unitit Kinrick49,921[14][15][16]
   Unitit States15,361[21]
Kurdish an Zazaki–Gorani
In thair different furms: Sorani, Kurmanji, Fayli, Soothren Kurdish, Laki, Zazaki, Bajalani, Gorani
Maistly Islam (predominately Sunni, but an aa Shia an Sufism) wi minorities o Atheism, Agnosticism, Yazdânism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity an Judaism
Relatit ethnic groups
ither Iranian fowks
(Talysh • Gilak • Persians • Balochs)

Aw population nummers are estimates bi 3rd pairties. Turkey, Iran an Sirie dae nae track or provide population statistics.

The Kurdish fowk, or Kurds (Kurdish: کورد, Kurd‎), are an ethnic group in Wastren Asie, maistly inhabitin a region kent as Kurdistan, which includes adjacent pairts o Iran, Iraq, Sirie, an Turkey.

Thay are an Iranian fowk an speak the Kurdish leids, which are members o the Iranian branch o Indo-European leids.[26] The Kurds nummer aboot 30 million, the majority livin in Wast Asie, wi signeeficant Kurdish diaspora communities in the ceeties o wastren Turkey, in Armenie, Georgie, Israel, Azerbaijan, Roushie, Lebanon an, in recent decades, some European kintras an the Unitit States.

The Kurds hae haed pairtial autonomy in Iraqi Kurdistan syne 1991. Naitionalist movements in the ither Kurdish-populatit kintras (Turkey, Sirie, Iran) push for Kurdish regional autonomy or the creation o a sovereign state.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 CIA - The World Factbook: 14 million in Turkey (18%)[1], 4.7–6.2 million in Iraq(15-20%)[2], 7.9 million in Iran(10%)[3] (all for 2012), plus several million in Syria, neighboring countries, and the diaspora
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 The Kurds: culture and language rights (Kerim Yildiz, Georgina Fryer, Kurdish Human Rights Project; 2004): 18% of Turkey, 20% of Iraq, 8% of Iran, 9.6%+ of Syria; plus 1–2 million in neighboring countries and the diaspora
  3. 3.0 3.1 Sandra Mackey , “The reckoning: Iraq and the legacy of Saddam”, W.W. Norton and Company, 2002. Excerpt from pg 350: “As much as 25% of Turkey is Kurdish.”
  4. Kürtlerin nüfusu 11 milyonda İstanbul"da 2 milyon Kürt yaşıyor - Radikal Dizi. Radikal.com.tr. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  5. Studying the Kurds in Syria: Challenges and Opportunities | Lowe | Syrian Studies Association Bulletin. Ojcs.siue.edu. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  6. Henriques, John L. "Syria: issues and historical background". Nova Science Publishers,.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  7. Gul, Zana Khasraw (22 July 2013). "Where are the Syrian Kurds heading amidst the civil war in Syria?". Open Democracy. Retrieved 4 November 2013.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 The cultural situation of the Kurds, A report by Lord Russell-Johnston, Council of Europe, July 2006.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Ismet Chériff Vanly, “The Kurds in the Soviet Union”, in: Philip G. Kreyenbroek & S. Sperl (eds.), The Kurds: A Contemporary Overview (London: Routledge, 1992). pg 164: Table based on 1990 estimates: Azerbaijan (180,000), Armenia (50,000), Georgia (40,000), Kazakhistan (30,000), Kyrghizistan (20,000), Uzbekistan (10,000), Tajikistan (3,000), Turkmenistan (50,000), Siberia (35,000), Krasnodar (20,000), Other (12,000), Total 450,000
  10. "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 г. Национальный состав населения Российской Федерации". Demoscope. Demoscope. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
  11. "Information from the 2011 Armenian National Census" (PDF). Republic of Armenia. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
  12. "The Human Rights situation of the Yezidi minority in the Transcaucasus" (PDF). United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. p. 18.
  13. "Kurdish Jewish Community in Israel". Jcjcr.org. Retrieved 2013-04-11.
  14. "QS211EW - Ethnic group (detailed)". nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
  15. "Ethnic Group - Full Detail_QS201NI". Retrieved 4 September 2013.
  16. "Scotland's Census 2011 - National Records of Scotland, Language used at home other than English (detailed)" (PDF). Scotland Census. Scotland Census. Retrieved 29 September 2013.
  17. "Table 4.1.1 Population by individual ethnic groups" (PDF). Government of Kazakhstan. stat.kz. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
  18. Mahmoud A. Al-Khatib and Mohammed N. Al-Ali. "Language and Cultural Shift Among the Kurds of Jordan" (PDF). p. 12. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  19. "The Kurdish Diaspora". Institut Kurde De Paris. Retrieved 23 October 2011.
  20. Andersen, Ole Stig (11 July 2004). "Kurdisk". olestig.dk. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
  21. "2006-2010 American Community Survey Selected Population Tables". Government of the United States of America. Government of the United States of America. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
  22. "4.1. Number of resident population by selected nationality" (PDF). Government of Kyrgyzstan. United Nations. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
  23. "Население Кыргызстана" (in Russian).CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  24. "2011 National Household Survey: Data tables". Statistics of Canada. Statistics of Canada. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
  25. "Language according to age and sex by region 1990 - 2011". Statistics Finland. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
  26. D.N. Mackenzie, "The Origin of Kurdish", Transactions of Philological Society, 1961, pp 68–86