James I o Scotland

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James I
King James I of Scotland.jpg
16th century portrait o James.
Keeng o Scots
Reign 4 Aprile 1406 – 21 Februar 1437
Coronation 21 Mey 1424
Predecessor Robert III
Successor James II
Born 25 Julie 1394(1394-07-25) ?[1][2]
Dunfaurlin Aibey, Fife
Died 21 Februar 1437(1437-02-21) (aged 42)[3][4]
Blackfriars, Pairth
Burial Pairth Chairterhoose
Spoose Joan Beaufort
Issue Margaret, Dauphine o Fraunce
Isabella, Duchess o Brittany
Eleanor, Airchduchess o Austrick
Mary, Coontess o Buchan
Joan, Coontess o Morton
Alexander, Duke o Rothesay
James II o Scotland
Annabella, Coontess o Huntly
Hoose Stewart
Faither Robert III o Scotland
Mither Annabella Drummond
Releegion Roman Catholic

James I (late Julie 1394 – 21 Februar 1437), Keeng o Scotland frae 1406, wis the son o Keeng Robert III an Annabella Drummond. He wis the last o three sons. Bi the time he wis aicht, baith o his elder brithers war dead—Robert haed died in infancy but David, Duke o Rothesay died suspiciously in Falkland Castle while bein detained bi his uncle, Robert, Duke o Albany. Awtho pairlament exoneratit Albany, fears for James's safety grew during the winter o 1405–1406 an plans war made tae send him tae Fraunce. In Februar 1406, James wis accompanying nobles close tae his faither when thay clashed wi supporters o Archibald, 4t Earl o Douglas, forcin the prince tae tak refuge in the castle o the Bass Rock, a smaw islet in the Firth o Forth. He remained thare till mid-Mairch, when he buirdit a vessel boond for Fraunce, but on 22 Mairch while off the Inglis coast, pirates capturt the ship an delivered James tae Henry IV o Ingland. Twa weeks later, on 4 Aprile the ailin Robert III died, an the 12-year-auld uncrouned Keeng o Scots began his 18-year detention.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Weir, Britain's Royal Families, p. 232
  2. Brown, James I, p. 9
  3. Weir, Britain's Royal Families, p. 235
  4. Brown, James I, pp. 186–7

Soorces

  • Brown, M. H. (2004), James I, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.), Oxford University Press, doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/14587, retrieved 16 Mey 2010 
  • Weir, Alison (2008), Britain's Royal Families, London: Vintage, ISBN 9780099539735