Dawbeattie

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Dalbeattie
Town Hall, Dalbeattie.jpg
Dawbeattie Toun Hoose
Dalbeattie is locatit in Dumfries an Gallowa
Dalbeattie
Dalbeattie
Location within Dumfries an Gallowa
Population4,227 (2011 Census)
OS grid referenceNX832613
Cooncil aurie
Lieutenancy aurie
KintraScotland
Sovereign stateUnitit Kinrick
Post tounDALBEATTIE
Postcode destrictDG5
Diallin code01556
PoliceScots
FireScots
AmbulanceScots
EU PairlamentScotland
UK Pairlament
Scots Pairlament
List of places
UK
Scotland
54°55′55″N 3°49′19″W / 54.932°N 3.822°W / 54.932; -3.822Coordinates: 54°55′55″N 3°49′19″W / 54.932°N 3.822°W / 54.932; -3.822

Dawbeattie (Inglis: Dalbeattie, fae Gaelic Dail Bheithe meanin "valley o birch") is a toun in Dumfries an Gallowa, Scotland. Dalbeattie is in a wuidit dale on the Urr Watter 6 km (4 mi) east o Castle Douglas an 19 km (12 mi) soothwast o Dumfries. The toun is famed for its granite industry an for bein the hame toun o William McMaster Murdoch First Officer o the RMS Titanic.

John Keats, the Inglis makar, an his freend Charles Armitage Brown bade at David Murray's Inn, noo The Maxwell Airms, on thair walkin tour o Scotland in 1818. [1]

The Dawbeattie War Memorial wis designt bi Pilkington Jackson an wis unveilt in 1921.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Dawbeattie, Scotland, ca. 1890 - 1900.

The're hints fae Coort Records that a dounset existit on the site as early as 1658 an it is forder mentiont in 1747. The're evidence an aw fae Presbytery Records that hint the war a dominie in Dawbeattie in 1751.

The richt beginins o Dawbeattie oreeginate in 1781 whan George Maxwell o Munches an Alexander Copeland o Kingsrange (or Collison) decidit tae gie a lift til the development o the toun bi feuin thair property. The Maxwells awnt the laund on the north side o the burn and the Copelands awnt the laund on the sooth side. Ilka feu conseestit o a piece o laund, frontin a street, lairge eneuch tae build a hoose an growe vegetables an tae keep chickens an pigs. Ilk feu hid an aw the richt tae cut turfs fae Aucheninnes Moss. This wis important as fuel wis scrimp in Gallowa, coal wis expensive, and the war no mony trees. The feu duties brang in an income for the lairds an gied security for the tenants.

The buildin o the brig ower the River Urr at Craignair in 1797 an the swith expansion o the granite industry in Dawbeattie attractit mair fowk tae bide in the toun. Bi 1810 wirk in the quarrels wis plentifu, an ower the neist 30 year a hantle o tredsmen flittit tae an estaiblisht businesses in Dawbeattie. Houiver, the wauxt population brang ither problems, heich incidents o seekness, includin cholera an typhoid, an law-an-order issues.

The toun nouadays his a greatly reduce't industry, an maist residenters commute til the nearby toun o Dumfries for employment. The toun is frequent wi veesitors as its poseetion is weel-situatit for aiccess til the Solway coast.

Namely fowk[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Andrew Carruthers (1770-1852) - priest, horticulturist, builder o St Peter's Kirk. On 29 Juin 2014 the kirk celebratit its 200t anniversary.

the First Officer o the RMS Titanic

Airchbishop o St Andrews and Edinburgh in 1878.

  • Andrew Swann (born 1878, dee'd unkent) - perfaisional fitbawer

Governance[eedit | eedit soorce]

The toun is unner the management o Dumfries an Gallowa Cooncil an is locatit in the Abbey waird. The toun is in the Westminster constituency o Dumfries and Galloway is in representit bi Alister Jack. In the Scots Pairlament the toon is within the Galloway and Upper Nithsdale constituency an the Sooth o Scotland region, an wis representit bi Alex Fergusson.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Dawbeattie is situatit in the Urr dale that maist o the east side is kivert bi forest. The River Urr flowes fae the north soothwarts til the Solway Firth an passes bi the wast side o the toun. The toun has an abundance o gray granite.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Granite quarrelin[eedit | eedit soorce]

Umwhile granite quarrelin wis an important pairt o the Dawbeattie economy. The maist kenspeckle o thir is the Craignair quarrel that is clear visible til the wast o the toun. Dalbeatte Granite warks wis estaiblisht in 1820 an wis situatit in Craignair Street, follaein a direct route fae Craignair quarrel. The industry knurlt local aroond 1883 acause o cheaper imports fae Denmark.

Mony o the wirkers lowpit the kintra til ither pairts o the warld sae as tae find wirk, a nummer lowpit the kintra til the Unitit States tae wirk at a sister quarrel in Westerly, Rhode Island. Granite exportit fae Dawbeattie gaed intil the Mersey Docks in Liverpuil, the Thames Embankment in Lunnon, various Breetish lichthooses, even as faur as the lichthoose at the soothren pynt of Ceylon Sri Lanka). Its maist famous uiss wis mebbe the Eddystone Lighthouse in soothren England.

Modren days[eedit | eedit soorce]

The toun his a sawmill, "Howie Forest Products", that employs aroond 120 wirkers, an a souvenir factory.

Maist o the residenters commute tae nearby Dumfries for employment.

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

The toun is aiccessable bi roads fae Dumfries an Castle Douglas, an is on the Solway Coast road. A regular bus service sted in Dumfries traivels throu Dawbeattie an Castle Douglas til the wast o the region an back. The town akts an aw as a minor hub for bus routes endlang the Solway coast. The toun umwile hid aiccess til the rail network; houiver this wis remuived in the 1960s as it wis deemt no profitable.

Museums an Gaileries[eedit | eedit soorce]

Dawbeattie his a museum[6] devotit til the history o the town and the surroondin aurie. The're a wee airts gailerie an aw, the Nail Factory,[7] that hosts temporar exheebeetions, uisually o wirks bi local airtists.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Walker, Carol Kyros (1992). Walking North With Keats. New Haven and London: Yale University. pp. 236–237. ISBN 0 300 04824 6.
  2. Walker, Carol Kyros (1992). Walking North With Keats. New Haven and London: Yale University. pp. 236–237. ISBN 0 300 04824 6.
  3. "Jim Steel full career profile". Qosfc.com. December 19, 2010. Retrieved 2013-09-19.
  4. "Home". David Rae Art. Retrieved 2020-02-02.
  5. "Rae David | New Blood Art". newbloodart.com. Retrieved 2020-02-02.
  6. dalbeattiemuseum.co.uk
  7. nailfactory.org.uk

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]