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Scots National Pairty

Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
(Reguidit frae Scots Naitional Pairty)
Scots National Pairty
  • Scottish National Party
  • Pàrtaidh Nàiseanta na h-Alba
LeaderJohn Swinney
Depute leaderKeith Brown
Wastminster Group LeaderNA
Foondit1934 (1934)
Merger o
HeidquartersGordon Lamb House
3 Jackson's Entry
Student weengFederation o Student Naitionalists
Youth weengYoung Scots for Unthirldom
Membership  (2016)Increase 116,000
Poleetical poseetionCentre-left[7][8][9][10]
European affiliationEuropean Free Alliance
European Pairlament groupGreens/EFA
Colours     Yellow
Hoose o Commons
0 / 59
Scots Pairlament[12]
63 / 129
Local govrenment in Scotland[13]
453 / 1,227
Politics o Scotland
Political parties

The Scots National Pairty[14] (SNP) is a poleetical pairty in Scotland, campainin fur Scots unthirldom. It is a social-democratic pairty. Syne the Scots elections in 2007 the pairty wis in minority government in the Scots Pairlament; in 2011, the SNP wun a majority o the seats of this Pairliment. It is the biggest single pairty or bodie in Scotland campainin.

Thay'v 63 seats in the Scots Pairlament an 453 local councillors. The pairty wis wiped oot in the Hoose o Commons in 2024.

The pairty's convener is John Swinney. He is the current First Meenister o Scotland. He succeeded Humza Yousaf, that wis heidyin o the Pairty, an Member o Scots Parliament fur the constituency o Glesga Soothside.


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The pairty wis staiblisht in 1934 frae a comin-thegither o the Naitional Pairty o Scotland an the Scots Pairty. The SNP originally campaignt fur hame rule an a Scots Pairlament[15]. John MacCormick, the then leader, left in 1942 fur tae form the pressure group the Scottish Covenant Association.[15]

It won its first pairlamentary seat in a 1945 by-election (tae the Wastmeinster pairlament).

Thair support reakit a first heich pynt in the Februar 1974 Westminster election, wi 21.9% o the Scots vote.[15]


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The SNP is a centre-left nationalist pairty.[16] Its nationalism is speceefically civic nationalism, i.e. hingin in wi civic institutions an territoritiality.[15] It is parteicular in that cultural or ethnic heritage is rarely mentioned in SNP campagin ads.[15]


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  1. Hassan, Gerry (2009), The Modern SNP: From Protest to Power, Edinburgh University Press, pp. 5, 9
  2. Christopher Harvie (2004). Scotland and Nationalism: Scottish Society and Politics, 1707 to the Present. Psychology Press. ISBN 978-0-415-32724-4.
  3. Mitchell, James; Bennie, Lynn; Johns, Rob (2012), The Scottish National Party: Transition to Power, Oxford University Press, pp. 107–116
  4. Keating, Michael (2009), "Nationalist Movements in Comparative Perspective", The Modern SNP: From Protest to Power, Edinburgh University Press, pp. 214–217
  5. Wolfram Nordsieck. "Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck".
  6. Hassan, Gerry (2009), The Modern SNP: From Protest to Power, Edinburgh University Press, pp. 4–5
  7. Robert Garner; Richard Kelly (15 Juin 1998). British Political Parties Today. Manchester University Press. p. 187. ISBN 978-0-7190-5105-0.
  8. Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko; Matti Mälkiä (2007). Encyclopedia of Digital Government. Idea Group Inc (IGI). p. 398. ISBN 978-1-59140-790-4. Retrieved 18 Julie 2013.
  9. Josep M. Colomer (25 Julie 2008). Political Institutions in Europe. Routledge. p. 26. ISBN 978-1-134-07354-2.
  10. Ibpus.com; International Business Publications, USA (1 Januar 2012). Scotland Business Law Handbook: Strategic Information and Laws. Int'l Business Publications. p. 29. ISBN 978-1-4387-7095-6.[deid airtin]
  11. "UK > Parliament MPs and Lords > State of the parties". members.parliament.uk (in Inglis). Pairlament o the Unitit Kinrick. Retrieved 31 August 2020.
  12. BBC (2016). "Scotland Parliament election 2016". BBC News. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  13. "Local Council Political Compositions". Open Council Date UK. 24 October 2019. Retrieved 24 October 2019.
  14. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived frae the original (PDF) on 12 November 2020. Retrieved 31 August 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. a b c d e Michael O'Neill, "Challenging the centre: home rule movements" In Michael O'Neill (ed.), Devolution and British Politics, p. 32-66
  16. "The SNP, Centre-Left Politics and the State of Social Democracy". Gerry Hassan - writing, research, policy and ideas (in Inglis). 9 Juin 2016. Retrieved 31 Januar 2021.