Ben Lomond

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Ben Lomond
Beinn Laomainn
Loch lomond1.jpg
Ben Lomond leukin north athort Loch
Lomond at the watterline
Heichest pynt
Elevation974 m (3,196 ft) [1]
Prominence820 m (2,690 ft) Rankit 30t in Breetish Isles
Paurent peakBen More
LeetinMunro, Marilyn, Coonty tap (Stirlinshire)
Coordinates56°11′26″N 4°37′59″W / 56.19063°N 4.63317°W / 56.19063; -4.63317Coordinates: 56°11′26″N 4°37′59″W / 56.19063°N 4.63317°W / 56.19063; -4.63317
Namin
TranslationBaikon muntain
PronunciationScots Gaelic: [peɲˈl̪ˠɯːmɪɲ] ( listen)
Geografie
Ben Lomond is locatit in Scotland
Ben Lomond
Ben Lomond
Loch Lomond, Scotland
Parent rangeGrampian Muntains
OS gridNN367029
Topo mapOS Landranger 56 an Explorer 364

Ben Lomond (Scots Gaelic: Beinn Laomainn) is a muntain in the Scots Hielands, at it's summit it haes a heich o 974 metre (3,196 ft) abuin sea level.[1] The muntain is locatit on the east bank o Loch Lomond within the Loch Lomond an The Trossachs Naitional Pairk. It is the soothmaist o the Munros.[2]

Geographie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ben Lomond appears tae hae a conical shape whan luiked at frae the Arrochar Alps nearby but it haes a craggy corrie heich up on it's northren side.[3] The muntain comprises twa parallel sooth-sootheastren ridges: the Sròn Aonaich ridge tae the east and the Ptarmigan ridge tae the wast. At the north o the summit these ridges come thegither an meet at a 456 metre (1,496 ft) col wae Cruin a' Bheinn, a Graham. The summit is gressy and craggy an is merkit bi a triangulation pillar.

Geologie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ben Lomond's geologie is maistly makkit up frae granite, mica schist, diorite, porphyry an quartzite.[4] Ben Lomond ligs on the Scots watershed, the drainage divide that separates the watter systems flowin tae the east frae the anes that flow tae the wast.

Weys o ascent[eedit | eedit soorce]

The maist popular wey up Ben Lomond is kent as the 'tourist peth',[3][5][6] a wide, erodit[3] an weel paddit peth that is rouchly causeyed at steeper pairts.[6] This wey up wis creatit on accoount o The Ben bein ane o the maist faur ben[7][8] muntains in Scotland wae climmers, it gaes up the myld Sròn Aonaich ridge afore gaun abuin tae a steeper section taewart the pynt.

Anither peth follaes the Ptarmigan ridge tae the summit alang a steeper an craggier peth.[5] The Ptarmigan peth is the seicont maist popular wey up, follit bi a third peth that gaes up frae Gleann Dubh.[7]

Awthou the tourist peth is no considert a difficult ane, Ben Lomond can still pruive tae be a challenge tae walkers wioot muckle experience, mair sae in ill wather.[9] The dedicatit Lomond Mountain Rescue Team haes been active syne 1967 assistin walkers an climmers on Ben Lomond as weel as ither nearby pynts.[10]

Fauna[eedit | eedit soorce]

The heich pairts o the muntain haes an alpine tundra ecologie, hame tae species o birds includin peregrine falcons, merlins, rock ptarmigans, red grouse and gowden eagles.[11] A study bi the British Trust for Ornithology fund that Ben Lomond micht hae the maist soothren breedin ptarmigan population in Scotland,[12] follaein the drap in nummers o the populations on Goatfell an the Arran muntains, mibbie as a result o climate chynge.

The muntain area is uised for fermin sheep an aw. The National Trust for Scotland is taskit wae managin the laund, ettlein tae fin a balance atween wildlife conservation an the laund available for fermin.[8]

Memorial Pairk[eedit | eedit soorce]

The area aroon Ben Lomond, includin the muntain summit, haes been designatit as a war memorial cried the Ben Lomond Naitional Memorial Pairk syne 1995.[8] The pairk is dedicatit tae the fawen o the First an Seicont Warld Wars, an wis creatit oot o the former Rowardennan Estate wae the backin o the National Heritage Memorial Fund.[13] The memorial pairk is managed bi the Naitional Trust for Scotland[14]

The memorial pairk wis officially appent on Armistice Day in 1997 bi the Rt Hon Donald Dewar the Secretar o State for Scotland at the time. Dewar later becam the first First Meenister o Scotland. At the appenin ceremony Dewar presentit a granite sculptur bi Doug Cocker, a Scots airtist wha haed won a competition held bi the Scots Sculptur Trust tae design a permanent monument for the pairk.[13]

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

The nem Ben Lomond is widely greed tae mean "baikon muntain" or "baikon hill".[15][16] Lomond is a Brythonic nem an comes frae the element lumon meanin "a baikon" (the relatit Welsh wird llumon is frae the same root).[17][18][19] This element, that is the origin o the Scots wird lum an aw,[17] can be fund in the nems o ither hills an muntains lik the Lomond Hills in Fife an Pumlumon in Wales.[17] As wae thae hills, Ben Lomond is likly tae hae been thoucht o as a central pynt, likly the meetin-pynt o monie territorial boundaries, whaur a baikon may hae aften been lit.[17]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Ben Lomond" (in Inglis). Hill Bagging - the online version of the Database of British and Irish Hills (DoBIH). 2019. Retrieved 19 Juin 2019.
  2. "11 stunning Munros suitable for beginners" (in Inglis).
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Ben Lomond (Munro Magic)" (in Inglis). Retrieved 29 Januar 2010.
  4. Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Ben Lomond" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. Cite has empty unkent parameters: |HIDE_PARAMETER15=, |HIDE_PARAMETER13=, |HIDE_PARAMETER14c=, |HIDE_PARAMETER14=, |HIDE_PARAMETER9=, |HIDE_PARAMETER3=, |HIDE_PARAMETER1=, |HIDE_PARAMETER4=, |HIDE_PARAMETER2=, |HIDE_PARAMETER8=, |HIDE_PARAMETER20=, |HIDE_PARAMETER5=, |HIDE_PARAMETER7=, |HIDE_PARAMETER10=, |separator=, |HIDE_PARAMETER14b=, |HIDE_PARAMETER6=, |HIDE_PARAMETER11=, and |HIDE_PARAMETER12= (help)
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Ben Lomond (Walk Highlands)" (in Inglis). Archived frae the original on 15 December 2009. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Climb Ben Lomond". In Callander. Archived frae the original on 25 Mey 2009. Retrieved 24 Januar 2010.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Robin Howie (27 August 2008). "Walk on the wild side: A climb up the tourist wey of Ben Lomond". Media (in Inglis). The Scotsman. Retrieved 24 Januar 2010.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "Ben Lomond" (in Inglis). National Trust for Scotland. Retrieved 24 Januar 2010.
  9. "Lost walkers spark police anger" (in Inglis). BBC News. 14 December 2008. Retrieved 24 Januar 2010.
  10. "Lomond MRT". Archived frae the original on 21 Mey 2011. Retrieved 24 Januar 2010.
  11. "Loch Lomond and the Trossachs National Park" (in Inglis). Archived frae the original on 7 Juin 2011. Retrieved 24 Januar 2010.
  12. "Southerly ptarmigan decline fears". BBC News. 1 Februar 2009. Retrieved 24 Januar 2010.
  13. 13.0 13.1 "Donald Dewar opens Ben Lomond National Memorial Park" [Donald Dewar appens the Ben Lomond Naitional Memorial Pairk] (in Inglis). The Scottish Government. 11 November 1997. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
  14. "National Trust Scotland — National Memorial Park" (in Inglis). Retrieved 1 October 2020.
  15. "Ben Lomond". Steven Fallon - Mountain Adventures (in Inglis).
  16. Harland, Jack P (12 Juin 2018). Highland Journal: 1. The Making of a Hillwalker, Volume 1 (in Inglis). Troubador Publishing Ltd. p. 47. ISBN 9781789013252.
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 James, Alan. "A Guide to the Place-Name Evidence" (PDF). SPNS - The Brittonic Language in the Old North. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 13 August 2017. Retrieved 25 November 2018.
  18. Townsend, Chris (30 Mairch 2011). Scotland (in Inglis). Cicerone Press Limited. p. 101. ISBN 9781849653534. Retrieved 18 Januar 2019.
  19. Bede, Cuthbert (1863). A Tour in Tartan-land (in Inglis]). Scotland: R. Bentley. p. [https://archive.org/details/atourintartanla00bedegoog/page/n189 170. Retrieved 18 Januar 2019.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)