Frae Wikipedia
Lowp tae: navigation, rake
Playa BDN.jpg
Banner o Badalona
Coat o airms o Badalona
Coat o airms
Kintra Spain
Autonomous commonty Catalonie
Province Barcelona
Comarca Barcelonès
 • Mayor Xavier García Albiol (PP)
 • Total 22.17 km2 (8.56 sq mi)
Elevation 12 m (39 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Tot 220,977
 • Density 10,000/km2 (26,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Badaloní (ca)
Badalonés; Badalonesa (es)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 08910-08918
Aurie code(s) (+34) 934
Website Offeecial wabsteid

Badalona (Catalan pronunciation: [bəðəˈɫonə]) is a ceety in eastern Catalonie, Spain. It is locatit in the comarca o the Barcelonès, near the ceety o Barcelona an pairt o its metropolitan aurie. It is situated on the left bank o the sma Besòs River an on the Mediterranean Sea, backed bi the Serra de la Marina muntain range. Badalona is the third maist-populatit municipality in Catalonie efter Barcelona an L'Hospitalet de Llobregat.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Badalona wis foondit bi the Romans in the 3rd century BC, wi the name o Baetulo, although human settlements in the aurie existit frae 3500-2500 BC. The Iberians haed fortifeed veelages on the Melasas an Boscà hills syne the 7t century BC. The Roman toun's plan wis based on their common scheme o the cardo an decumanus, occupyin some 11 ha, wi a line o waws measurin 413x261 m an haein lairge defensive touers. In the 1st century BC it haed some 15,000 inhabitants.

The current Badalona wis formed in the 10t century, as a new urban nucleus built ower an aroond the auld Roman ceety. It comprised a group o hooses built aroond the square an the kirk. At the same time, a rural nucleus grew up ootside the toun waws. This rural an urban dichotomy wad remain till the mid-18t century.

Sant Jeroni de la Murtra Monastery, built in the 14t century, hoosed the Catholic Monarchs o Spain wad spend their simmers. This is an aa whaur they received Christopher Columbus efter his first voyage tae the Americas.

Badalona wis ane o the maist important touns durin the Spainyie industrialization process, frae the 19t century onwards.

Main sichts[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Monastery o Sant Jeroni de la Murtra (13t century)
  • Roman Ceety
  • Roman Baths
  • The Venus o Badalona is a sma Roman sculptur in white marble that seembolized the walth o the ceety in Roman times.
  • La Rambla
  • Carrer del Mar
  • Pont del Petroli
  • Giants Anastasi i Maria.
  • Pavillard house, built bi Joan Amigó i Barriga in 1906, considered the best modrenist wirk in the ceety.
  • Zorrilla Theatre (19t century), reopened in 1999
  • Anís del Mono, a distillery in Modrenist style
  • Casa de la Vila (Townhall)
  • Santa Maria's Church, in Neoclassicist style
  • Can Canyadó farmhouse (15t century)
  • Godmar Castle (11t century)
  • Maignon Mercat
  • Torner Mercat
  • Palau Municipal d'Esports de Badalona (Olympic Pavilion)
  • Màgic Badalona
  • Beaches
  • Simmer nichtlife

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main article: Transport in Badalona

Badalona haes a RENFE (train) station R1 frae Barcelona tae Mataró - Blanes, as well as a sma harbour. It links tae Barcelona via the Barcelona Metropolitan Transport (TMB) metro (underground) an bus seestem.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

The harbor is chiefly important for its fishin an boat-biggin trades, while in toun there are gas, chemical an mineral-ile wirks, as well as the manufactur o woolen an cotton guids, glass, biscuits, sugar an brandy. The surroondin fertile plains produce an abundance o grain, wine an fruit.

The ceety is hame tae the historic distillery which produces Anís del Mono, a spirit made o herbs an anise, the maist famous anisette in Spain.

Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

In Mey, in occasion o the celebration o Saunt Anastasi, the patron saunt o Badalona, activities an festivals are organized aw aroond the ceety. The maist important celebration takes place the day afore Saunt Anastasi Day when, at nicht, fowk gather at the maritime promenade tae pairticipate in the popular Cremada del Dimoni (Devil-Burning)--similar tae the famous Valencie Falles.

Sport[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety's maist important sport complex is the Palau Municipal d'Esports de Badalona (Municipal Sports Palace), which wan the Mies Van der Rohe award in 1992. The Palace wis the settin for basketbaw competition durin the Olympic Gemmes in 1992. Nouadays, it is hame o the basketbaw team frae Badalona, Joventut de Badalona, an aa kent as la Penya. This place will an aa be the center o the Badalona Capital Europea del Bàsquet, which is intendit tae be a theme pairk celebratin basketbaa - wi a basketbaa museum, shoppin center, cinemas, basketbaa courts, a harbour, indoor kartin an mair activities.

Twin touns[eedit | eedit soorce]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Panareda Clopés, Josep Maria; Rios Calvet, Jaume; Rabella Vives, Josep Maria (1989). Guia de Catalunya, Barcelona:Caixa de Catalunya. ISBN 84-87135-01-3 (Spanish). ISBN 84-87135-02-1 (Catalan).

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Autoritat del Transport Metropolità
RENFE suburban services for Barcelona
Line R1
de Llobregat
Badalona Maçanet-Massanes