Sant Adrià de Besòs

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Sant Adrià de Besòs
Plaça de la Vila dominatit bi the ceety haw
Plaça de la Vila dominatit bi the ceety haw
Banner o Sant Adrià de Besòs
Banner
Coat o airms o Sant Adrià de Besòs
Coat o airms
Sant Adrià de Besòs is locatit in Spain
Sant Adrià de Besòs
Sant Adrià de Besòs
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 41°25′N 2°13′E / 41.417°N 2.217°E / 41.417; 2.217
Kintra Spain
Commonty Catalonie
ProvinceBarcelona
ComarcaBarcelonès
Legal destrictBadalona
Boroughs
Govrenment
 • TeepMayor-cooncil
 • BodiAjuntament de Sant Adrià de Besòs
 • MayorJoan Callau (PSC)
Area
 • Total3.78 km2 (1.46 sq mi)
Highest elevation
14 m (46 ft)
Lawest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2012)[2]
 • Tot35,151
 • Density9,255.24/km2 (23,971.0/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Adrianenc, adrianenca (ca)
Adrianense (es)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
08930
Aurie code(s)(+34) 93 381
Statistical code081944
Wabsteidwww.sant-adria.net

Sant Adrià de Besòs (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈsant əðɾiˈa ðə βəˈzɔs]) is a ceety an a municipality athin the comarca o Barcelonès in Catalonie, north-eastren Spain. It is situatit on the Mediterranean coast, at the mooth o river Besòs, extendin tae baith sides o the estuar awtho the oreeginal dounset wi the pairish kirk lees on the left bank o the river, in the northren pairt o toun.[3] Sant Adrià is the smawest municipality o Barcelonès an haes close tees wi the neebouring ceeties o Barcelona, Badalona an Santa Coloma de Gramenet, shapin a uniform urban area athin Barcelona metropolitan aurie.[4]

The municipality straddles major transportation netwirks an is servit bi several modes o public transport. Sant Adrià is currently a toun dominatit bi the service sector, but wi a diverse manufacturin sector (especially in the auries o metal-wirk, chemistry, an construction) consistin maistly o middlin-sizit companies.[5] Historically, it haes experiencit several massive migration flows attractit bi the important industrialisation o the aurie during the last hunderyear an haes been subject o various major urban redevelopments. In 2004, Sant Adrià de Besòs wis pairt o the Universal Forum of Cultures.[6]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The oreegins o the toun are linkit tae the pairish kirk o Sant Adrià de Besòs, which wis referred tae in 1012, whaur in aboot 1092 a priory o Augustinian monks, dependants o Sant Ruf d'Avinyo, wis foondit. Saunt Olegarius (San José María de Porcioles) came tae this priory frae 1095 tae 1108 afore becomin the bishop o Barcelona an, later, the airchbishop o Tarragona. In 1127 the priory wis muivit tae Santa Maria de Terrassa. Surroondin this kirk, upon a smaw hill fowerteen metres heich, tae the wast o the River Besòs, is the nucleus o the oreeginal veelage.

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Gien its proximity tae the ceety o Barcelona, Sant Adrià de Besòs is well servit bi road, rail an mony ither shapes o public transport, becomin a important pairt o the transportation netwirk in Barcelona metropolitan aurie. The ceety haes aye been an economically unprivilegit toun an a really dense aurie, an it remained indifferent tae the establishment an the impruivement o public transport aroond Barcelona for mony years, but the recent development in public infrastructurs an urban renewals haes brocht substantial transport impruivement, especially in the shape o tram services.

C-31 heich-gate comes directly frae Plaça de les Glòries Catalanes in Barcelona tae Mataró an intersects perpendicularly wi Ronda del Litoral (B-10 motorwey) in the middle o toun, shapin a major heich-gate interchynge,[7] an allouin B-10 tae be linkit wi Ronda de Dalt (B-20 motorwey) at Nus de la Trinitat, anither major heich-gate interchynge in northern Barcelona. Ither main roads servin Sant Adrià include the naitional route N-II parallel tae Maresme's coastline an the local road BV-5001 towards Montornès del Vallès an La Roca del Vallès, crossin the northren pairt o the municipality.[8]

Public transportation netwirk is mainly componit o several urban an interurban bus routes that provide a guid internal connection athin the municipality as well as the connection o the ceety tae ither nearbi ceeties athin the comarca. Currently, 16 bus routes run throu the municipality, 5 o thaim are local bus routes operatit bi Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB) tae an frae Barcelona, 8 are interurban routes athin Barcelonès, an 3 are nicht routes. Wi regard tae rail transport modes, Trambesòs is the maist prominent transport seestem in Sant Adrià which comprises 7 stops athin the municipality servit bi aw its routes, linkin the ceety tae the destrict o Sant Martí up tae Parc de la Ciutadella in Barcelona. Maresme Line runs throu the ceety an aw wi Sant Adrià de Besòs railwey station as the anerly stop o the line in toun which lees in the eastren pairt o Sant Adrià an is servit bi Rodalies de Catalunya commuter rail line R1. Verneda is the anly Barcelona Metro station offeecially locatit in the municipality, but Artigues – Sant Adrià station is as its name says meant tae serve Sant Adrià de Besòs an aw acause awtho bein locatit in Badalona, it is juist a few meters frae the ceety limits.

Places o interest[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • History o Immigration in Catalonie Museum (MhiC): This museum aims tae analyse the history o the migratory processes relatit tae Catalonie, mainly frae the Iberian Peninsula. It comprises a haw for temporar exhibitions as well as a documentation centre, a virtual museum an El Sevillano, a restorit passenger railcaur uised durin the 1950s an 1960s bi mony immigrants tae get tae Barcelona frae soothren Spain.
  • Pairish Kirk o Sant Adrià de Besòs: Built during the 1940s, this church consists of a biggin wi a brick veneer façade, an a lairge nave which haes chapels on each side, a semicircular apse an a dome. The façade is flankit bi twa touers, o which the heichest ane is the bell touer.[9]
  • Air-raid shelter: The air-raid shelter o Francesc Macià Square (RapM) is ane o the fower public air-raid shelters built durin the Spainyie Ceevil War in the ceety. It is situatit unner Francesc Macià Square an vera close tae the umwhile textile factory Industrial Baurier syne factories wur militar targets. This air-raid shelter haed capacity for 80 or 100 fowk an it wis feenished biggin in August 1938 but wis no closed bi the Franco regime till Mairch 1939. It wis reopened on 11 September 2006 efter rehabilitation an it wis no turned intae a museum till 27 Januar 2008. Currently, the RapM is dividit intae five exhibition spaces wi a entrance haw, an is designed as a teachin tuil tae think ower the Ceevil War an the post-war in Sant Adrià.[10]

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Climate data for Sant Adrià de Besòs (data from 1932-1970)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) 13.5
(56.3)
14.4
(57.9)
16.7
(62.1)
19.4
(66.9)
22.2
(72.0)
25.2
(77.4)
29.0
(84.2)
28.9
(84.0)
26.9
(80.4)
23.0
(73.4)
17.0
(62.6)
13.8
(56.8)
20.8
(69.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 8.6
(47.5)
9.2
(48.6)
11.6
(52.9)
14.2
(57.6)
17.1
(62.8)
20.4
(68.7)
23.9
(75.0)
23.9
(75.0)
21.9
(71.4)
17.8
(64.0)
12.3
(54.1)
9.4
(48.9)
15.9
(60.6)
Average law °C (°F) 3.7
(38.7)
4.0
(39.2)
6.6
(43.9)
8.9
(48.0)
12.0
(53.6)
15.6
(60.1)
18.8
(65.8)
18.9
(66.0)
16.9
(62.4)
12.5
(54.5)
7.6
(45.7)
5.0
(41.0)
10.9
(51.6)
Source: Sistema de Clasificación Bioclimática Mundial[11]

Demografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Historical population o Sant Adrià de Besòs
(Soorce: Municat. Generalitat de Catalunya.[12])
Year1990200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011
Population34,72932,45232,43932,64132,84532,92132,94032,58532,73433,22333,76134,10434,157

Photo gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Sant Adrià de Besòs. Situació geogràfica". Municat (in Catalan). Generalitat de Catalunya. Retrieved 11 July 2012. 
  2. "Anuari de Població 2012" (in Catalan). Ajuntament de Sant Adrià de Besòs. 2012. Retrieved 11 July 2012. 
  3. "Els barris de Sant Adrià" (in Catalan). Xarxa Telemàtica de Catalunya (XTEC). Retrieved 17 July 2012. 
  4. "Quadern de la Mobilitat de Sant Adrià de Besòs" (PDF) (in Catalan). Àrea Metropolitana de Barcelona. 2006: 6. Retrieved 13 July 2012. 
  5. "Estudi socioeconòmic del Barcelonès Nord 2008" (PDF) (in Catalan). Cambra de Comerç de Barcelona. January 2009: 29. ISBN 84-95829-52-5. Retrieved August 19, 2012. 
  6. Josep Báguena (December 31, 2003). "Transformació urbana, Fòrum 2004" (in Catalan). Societat Catalana d'Ordenació del Territori. Retrieved 16 July 2012. 
  7. "Reunió de l'STAC amb Trànsit" (in Catalan). Sindicat del Taxi de Catalunya (STAC). Retrieved 13 July 2012. 
  8. "BV-5001 Montcada Eix del Besòs" (PDF). Fitxes Infraestructures (in Catalan). Cambra de Comerç de Sabadell. Retrieved 13 July 2012. 
  9. "Església Parroquial de Sant Adrià (Sant Adrià de Besòs – Barcelonès)" (in Catalan). Pobles de Catalunya. Retrieved August 21, 2012. 
  10. http://www.barcelonabombardejada.cat/?q=ca/placeta
  11. "ESP BARCELONA - SAN ADRIAN DEL BESOS". 
  12. "Dades de població 1990-2011" (XLS). Municat (in Catalan). Generalitat de Catalunya. Retrieved 11 July 2012. 
  13. "Art gòtic (Sant Adrià de Besòs – Barcelonès)" (in Catalan). Pobles de Catalunya. Retrieved August 19, 2012. 
  14. Alcover, Jordi (14 May 2008). "Sant Adrià votarà en referèndum el futur de la tèrmica a l'octubre". AVUI. Retrieved August 19, 2012. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]