L'Hospitalet de Llobregat

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For ither uises, see L'Hospitalet.
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat
Barcelona 2010 August 005 Hotel.JPG
Banner o L'Hospitalet de Llobregat
Coat o airms o L'Hospitalet de Llobregat
Coat o airms
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat is locatit in Spain
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat
L'Hospitalet de Llobregat
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 41°21′32″N 2°5′57.9″E / 41.35889°N 2.099417°E / 41.35889; 2.099417Coordinates: 41°21′32″N 2°5′57.9″E / 41.35889°N 2.099417°E / 41.35889; 2.099417
Kintra Spain
Autonomous commonty Catalonie
ProvinceProvince o Barcelona
Judicial destrictHospitalet de Llobregat
Foondit12t hunderyear
 • AlcaldeNúria Marín (2008) (PSC)
 • Total12.50 km2 (4.83 sq mi)
8 m (26 ft)
 • Tot258,642
 • Density21,000/km2 (54,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Hospitalenc, hospitalenca (ca)
Hospitalense (es)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
WabsteidOffeecial wabsteid

L'Hospitalet de Llobregat (Catalan pronunciation: [ɫuspitəˈɫɛd də ʎuβɾəˈɣat]), aften shortened tae L'Hospitalet (pronounced: [ɫuspitəˈɫɛt]), is a municipality tae the immediate soothwast o Barcelona in Catalonie, Spain.

Bi population, it is the seicont lairgest in Catalonie an the 16t in Spain. Bi population density, is notable for bein ane o the maist densely populatit ceeties in Europe.

History an toponymy[eedit | eedit soorce]

The first records o the dounset date tae the Neolithic era wi artefacts showin human habitation in the Llobregat river aurie. Roman artefacts hae been foond datin tae the 2nt century BC such as a funeral decoration representin the heid o Medusa nou in the airchaeological museum o Barcelona. Housomeivver it is no till the 10t hunderyear that written references tae Provençana (the ceety's oreeginal name) appear. The current name oreeginates frae the Catalan leid an derives frae a hostel next tae the Kirk 'Santa Eulàlia de Provençana' uised bi pilgrims in the Middle Ages. The ceety retained the character o a veelage till the 19t hunderyear when the first textile factories wur built causin a population boom. The 1960s an 1970s saw a seicont population boom, caused bi immigration frae poorer regions o Spain: housomeivver this wis not matched bi construction o the necessar amenities an it wis anerly in the 1990s that public investment resultit in addeetional schuils, leisur facilities an hoosin.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

1900 1930 1950 1970 1986 2006
4948 37,650 71,580 241,978 279,779 261,310

Ower 22% o the ceety's residential population wis born ootside o Spain, (mainly in Ecuador, the Dominican Republic an Morocco). Housomeivver the ceety haes a lairge nummer o permanent or nan-permanent residents frae ither kintras o the European Union. Its population in the 2006 census consistit o 78% born in Spain (52% in Catalonie) an breuk doun as follaes:

  • Spain 207,930
  • The Americas 35,628
  • Africae 7,935
  • Asia 5,375
  • Europe (nan-EU) 2,428
  • European Union 2,004
  • Oceanie 10

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

L'Hospitalet's surface is o aurie: 12.49 km². The aurie on which the ceety is constructed may be dividit in twa different geological auries. Ane o thaim follaes the coast teepology an is cried La Marina, similarly tae twa coast auries o neebourin Barcelona's Zona Franca: La Marina del Prat Vermell an La Marina de Port. The latter hauf o L'Hospitalet is cried El Samontà, which consists o hills an a mair elevatit aurie.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Spanair heid office in l'Hospitalet de Llobregat

The ceety's reputation is lairgely still that o a depressed suburb,[1] drawin on its proletarian oreegins an its reliance on Barcelona. Housomeivver, its economy haes impruivit recently, as can be seen frae the ceety's new skyline an relocation o companies tae the ceety's new financial centre. Urban regeneration an construction hae taken place durin the 2000s, as well as ongoin wirk on impruivin public transportation in the seicont municipality o the Barcelona metropolitan aurie. The former airline Spanair's heidquairters wur locatit in L'Hospitalet.[2][3] Umwhile major Celestino Corbacho haes campaigned tae impruive the ceety's infrastructurs frae his poseetion in the Meenistry o Wirk.

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Public transport in L'Hospitalet de Llobregat is operatit bi several companies, maist o which are pairt o the Autoritat del Transport Metropolità

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns an sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

L'Hospitalet is twinned wi the follaein ceeties:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Lonely Planet Barcelona, p8, Damien Simonis
  2. http://www.urbanity.es/foro/viajes-ciudades-y-naturaleza-cat/7240-lhospitalet-de-llobregat-bcn.html
  3. "Contacts." Spanair. Retrieved on 29 December 2009.
  4. "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Retrieved 2013-12-26.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]