Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge

Kurdish: ھەولێر Arabic: أربيلAramaic: ܐܪܒܝܠ Turkis: Erbil
Arbil is located in Iraq
Erbil in Iraq
Coordinates: 36°11′28″N 44°0′33″E / 36.19111°N 44.00917°E / 36.19111; 44.00917
Kintra Iraq
Autonomous region Kurdistan[1]
Settled9000 BC
 • GovrenorNawzad Hadi
 • Total1,750,000[2]

Erbil (Hewlêr in Roman-alphabet Kurdish) (written Arbil, or Irbil an aw) (Akkadian: Arba-ilu; Arabic: اربيلArbīl; Kurdish: ھەولێر Hewlêr; Sumerian: Urbilum; Syriac-Aramaic: ܐܪܒܝܠ Arbaelo) is, wi a population o approximately 1.3 million (2009), the fowert lairgest ceety in Iraq efter Baghdad, Basra an Mosul.[3] It is locatit 80 kilometres (50 mile) east o Mosul, an is the caipital o Iraqi Kurdistan.

Urban life at Erbil can be datit back tae at least 6000 BC,[4][5] an it is ane o the auldest continuously inhabitit ceeties in the warld.[4][5] At the hert o the ceety is the auncient Citadel o Arbil. The Hurrians wur the first tae establish Urbilum an expand their rule tae the rest o northren Mesopotamie. The ceety haes syne been unner the rule o mony regional pouers, includin the Assiries, the Babylonies, Kurds unner the rules o Persies, the Greeks, the Arabs, an the Seljuk an Ottoman Turks. Erbil's airchaeological museum hooses a lairge collection o pre-Islamic airtifacts, an is a center for airchaeological projects in the aurie.[6]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Kurdistan Regional Government". KRG. Archived frae the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 21 Mey 2012.
  2. "Iraq". CITY POPULATION. Retrieved 20 Juin 2016.
  3. "Largest Cities in Iraq". 1 Januar 2002. Retrieved 26 Januar 2009.
  4. a b "Czech archaeologists uncover Stone Age tools in Erbil, Iraq". Radio Prague. 17 Mairch 2010. Retrieved 12 August 2010.
  5. a b "Erbil Citadel". UNESCO. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  6. 'Directorate Antiquities of Erbil's Guide' Brochure produced by General Directorate of Antiquities, KRG, Ministry of Tourism

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]