Kraków

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Kraków
Cracow
Main Mercat Square, Wawel Castle, Barbican, St. Mary's Basilica, St. Peter an Paul Kirk, Collegium Maius

Flag

Coat of arms
Kraków is located in Poland
Kraków
Kraków
Coordinates: 50°3′41″N 19°56′18″E / 50.06139°N 19.93833°E / 50.06139; 19.93833
Kintra  Poland
Voivodeship Lesser Poland
Coonty Kraków Coonty
Ceety richts 5 Juin 1257
Government
 • Mayor Jacek Majchrowski
 • First Deputy of the Mayor Tadeusz Trzmiel
Area
 • City 327 km2 (126 sq mi)
Elevation 219 m (719 ft)
Population (31 December 2011)
 • City 759,137
 • Density 2,300/km2 (6,000/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,395,893
Demonym Cracovian
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 30-024 to 31–962
Area code(s) +48 12
Website www.krakow.pl

Kraków (Polish pronunciation: [ˈkrakuf] ( listen)) also Cracow, or Krakow (US Inglis /ˈkræk/, British Inglis /ˈkrækɒv/), is the seicond lairgest and ane o the auldest ceeties in Poland. Situatit on the Vistula River (Pols: Wisła) in the Lesser Poland region, the ceety dates back tae the 7t century.[1] Kraków haes traditionally been ane o the leadin centres o Pols academic, cultural an airtistic life an is one o Poland's maist important economic centres. It wis the caipital o Poland frae 1038 tae 1596; the caipital o the Grand Duchy o Kraków frae 1846 tae 1918; an the caipital o Kraków Voivodeship frae the 14t century tae 1999. It is nou the caipital o the Lesser Poland Voivodeship.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kraków is twinned, or maintains close relations, wi mair than 30 ceeties aroond the warld:[2]

Fraunce Bordeaux, Fraunce (syne 1993)[2]
Slovakie Bratislava, Slovakie [2][3]
Hungary Budapest, Hungary (syne 2005)[2]
Unitit States Cambridge, Mass., USA (syne 1989)[4]
Brazil Curitiba, Brazil (syne 1993)[2]
Peru Cusco, Peru [2][5]
Unitit Kinrick Edinburgh, Scotland, UK (syne 1995) [6]
Morocco Fes, Morocco (syne 2004)[2]
Italy Florence, Italy (syne 1992)[2]
Germany Frankfurt, Germany (syne 1991)[2][7]
Swaden Göteborg, Swaden (syne 1990)[2]

Roushie Grozny, Roushie (syne 1997) [8]
Austrick Innsbruck in Austrick (syne 1998)[2]
Ukraine Kiev, Ukraine (syne 1993)[2]
Pakistan Lahore, Pakistan

Chile La Serena, Chile (syne 1995)[2]
Germany Leipzig, Germany (syne 1995)[2][9]
Belgium Leuven, Belgium (syne 1991)[2]
Ukraine Lviv, Ukraine (syne 1995)[2]
Italy Milan, Italy (syne 2003)[2][10]
Germany Nuremberg, Germany (syne 1991)[2]
Fraunce Orléans, Fraunce (syne 1992)[2]

Hungary Pécs, Hungary (syne 1998)[2]
Unitit States Rochester, NY, USA (syne 1973)[2]
Ecuador Quito, Ecuador [2]
Roushie St Petersburg, Roushie (syne 2006)[2]
Unitit States San Francisco, CA, USA (syne 2009)[2]
Spain Seville, Spain (syne 2002)[2]
Swisserland Solothurn, Swisserland (syne 1990)[2]
Georgie (kintra) Tbilisi, Georgie[2]
Bulgarie Veliko Turnovo, Bulgarie (syne 1975)[2]
Lithuanie Vilnius, Lithuanie[2]
Croatie Zagreb, Croatie (syne 1975)[2][11][12]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. The Municipality Of Kraków Press Office, 1996–2007, in participation with ACK Cyfronet of the AGH University of Science and Technology, "Our City. History of Krakow, archaeological findings". Retrieved 2007-09-11. 
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22 2.23 2.24 2.25 2.26 2.27 2.28 2.29 "Kraków otwarty na świat". www.krakow.pl. Retrieved 2009-07-19. 
  3. "Bratislava City - Twin Towns". © 2003-2008 Bratislava-City.sk. Retrieved 2008-10-26. 
  4. "A Message from the Peace Commission: Information on Cambridge's Sister Cities," February 15, 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-12. Also in: Richard Thompson, "Looking to strengthen family ties with 'sister cities'," Boston Globe, October 12, 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-12.
  5. "Ciudades Hermanas (Sister Cities)" (in Spanish). Municipalidad del Cusco. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  6. "Edinburgh - Twin and Partner Cities". © 2008 The City of Edinburgh Council, City Chambers, High Street, Edinburgh, EH1 1YJ Scotland. Archived from the original on March 28, 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-21. 
  7. "Frankfurt -Partner Cities". © 2008 Stadt Frankfurt am Main. Retrieved 2008-12-05. 
  8. "Grozny Official Website". (in Russian) © 2000-2008 сайт Грозный Виртуальный при перепечатке материалов в онлайн проектах. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  9. "Leipzig - International Relations". © 2009 Leipzig City Council, Office for European and International Affairs. Retrieved 2009-07-17. 
  10. "Milano - Città Gemellate". © 2008 Municipality of Milan (Comune di Milano). Retrieved 2008-12-05. 
  11. "Foreign co-operation". Retrieved 2007-11-01.  from the municipality official website
  12. "Intercity and International Cooperation of the City of Zagreb". © 2006-2009 City of Zagreb. Retrieved 2009-06-23.