Kherson

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Kherson
Херсон

Flag

Coat of arms
Kherson is located in Ukraine
Kherson
Kherson
Location of Kherson
Coordinates: 46°38′0″N 32°35′0″E / 46.63333°N 32.58333°E / 46.63333; 32.58333
Kintra
Oblast
Municipality
Ceety Rayons
Ukraine
Kherson Oblast
Kherson Ceety
Dneprovski rayon
Suvorovski rayon
Komsomolski rayon
Foondit 18 Juin 1778
Government
 • Mayor Zoya Berezhna (actin)
Area
 • Total 135.7 km2 (52.4 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Total 358,000
 • Density 2,600/km2 (6,800/sq mi)
Postal code 73000
Area code(s) +380 552
Sister cities Rzeszów
Website www.city.kherson.ua

Kherson (Ukrainian: Херсо́н; Roushie: Херсо́н‎) is a ceety in soothren Ukraine. It is the admeenistrative centre of the Kherson Oblast (province), an is designatit as its awn separate raion (district) athin the oblast. Kherson is an important port on the Black Sea an Dnieper River, an the hame o a major shipbiggin industry. Estimatit population as o 2007 wis 329,000.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Till 1774, the region belangit tae the Crimean Khanate. Kherson wis foondit in 1778 bi Grigori Potemkin, on the orders o Catherine the Great. The ceety wis built unner the superveesion o General Ivan Gannibal on the steid o a smaw fortress cried Aleksanderschanz. The name Kherson is a contraction o Chersonesos, an auncient Greek colony foondit approximately 2500 years ago in the soothwastren pairt o Crimea. Ane o the first biggins in the Kherson Fort wis the Kirk o St. Catherine whaur Potemkin wis eventually buriet. The last tarpan wis caucht near Kherson in 1866.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

As o Ukrainian Naitional Census (2001), the ethnic groups livin athin Kherson are:

The ethnic groups livin athin Kherson as o the 1926 Census:

Population[eedit | eedit soorce]

Year Population
1790 24,000
1926 58,000
1939 97,000
1959 158,000
1981 361,000
2004 354,000
2007 329,000

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

There are three city raions. Two of them still carry mark of a colonial ceety o Roushie.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Climate data for Kherson
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record heich °C (°F) 15.0
(59.0)
18.6
(65.5)
22.1
(71.8)
28.0
(82.4)
37.7
(99.9)
39.5
(103.1)
40.5
(104.9)
40.7
(105.3)
33.3
(91.9)
32.0
(89.6)
21.8
(71.2)
16.5
(61.7)
40.7
(105.3)
Average heich °C (°F) 1.4
(34.5)
2.2
(36.0)
7.7
(45.9)
15.7
(60.3)
22.3
(72.1)
26.4
(79.5)
29.3
(84.7)
28.9
(84.0)
22.8
(73.0)
15.6
(60.1)
7.8
(46.0)
2.8
(37.0)
15.3
(59.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.7
(28.9)
−1.3
(29.7)
3.2
(37.8)
10.1
(50.2)
16.1
(61.0)
20.4
(68.7)
22.9
(73.2)
22.3
(72.1)
16.7
(62.1)
10.4
(50.7)
4.1
(39.4)
−0.2
(31.6)
10.3
(50.5)
Average laich °C (°F) −4.5
(23.9)
−4.5
(23.9)
−0.5
(31.1)
5.0
(41.0)
10.1
(50.2)
14.6
(58.3)
16.8
(62.2)
16.0
(60.8)
11.3
(52.3)
5.9
(42.6)
1.0
(33.8)
−2.8
(27.0)
5.7
(42.3)
Record laich °C (°F) −26.3
(−15.3)
−24.4
(−11.9)
−20.2
(−4.4)
−7.9
(17.8)
−1.5
(29.3)
5.8
(42.4)
9.2
(48.6)
6.6
(43.9)
−5
(23.0)
−7.6
(18.3)
−16.2
(2.8)
−22.2
(−8.0)
−26.3
(−15.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 29
(1.14)
30
(1.18)
29
(1.14)
32
(1.26)
39
(1.54)
52
(2.05)
44
(1.73)
35
(1.38)
42
(1.65)
32
(1.26)
38
(1.5)
33
(1.3)
435
(17.13)
Avg. precipitation days 8 7 9 12 11 11 9 6 9 9 11 10 112
Source: Pogoda.ru.net[1]

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Air[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kherson is servit bi Kherson Internaitional Airport providin baith passport an customs control. It operates a 2,500 x 42 meter concrete runwey, accommodatin Boeing 737, Airbus 319/320 aircraft, an helicopters o aw series.

The offeecial airport wabsteid is http://www.airport.kherson.ua an addeetional info can be foond at http://www.aisukraine.net. The tel no is +380 552 33-71-87.

Rail[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kherson haes railroad connections tae Kiev an Lviv.

Eddication[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Kherson State Agrarian Varsity
  • Kherson State Varsity
  • Kherson Naitional Technical Varsity
  • International Varsity o Business an Law

Main sichts[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kherson synagogue
  • The Kirk o St. Catherine wis built in the 1780s, supposedly tae Ivan Starov's designs, an conteens the tomb o Prince Potemkin.
  • Jewish cemetery - Kershon haes a lairge Jewish commonty which wis established in the mid 19t century.[2] Frae 1959 till 1990 thare wis nae synagogue in Kherson. Syne then, baith Jewish life an Kherson hae really grown an developed in an atmosphere o peace.[3] Nivertheless, the Jewish cemetery haes regularly suffered frae acts o vandalism. The graves hae been repeatitly covered wi trash an the tombstones destroyed an desecratit. On 6 Apryle 2012, a act o vandalism, at the Jewish cemetery, occurred on the maist important festival in the Jewish calendar, the festival o Passover. The fire, which wis set, immediately spread ower a aurie o aboot 700 square meters an caused severe damage tae the graves an tombstanes.[4]
  • Kherson TV Touer — is a famous construction locatit in the ceety.
  • Adziogol Lichthoose, hyperboloid structur designed bi V.G.Shukhov, 1911

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Pogoda.ru.net" (in Russian). May 2011. Retrieved 24 April 2012. 
  2. "KHERSON". JewishEncyclopedia.com. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  3. Zalman, Nelson. "Anti-Semitic Incitement, Poor Economy Have Kherson's Jews Worried". Merkos L’Inyonei Chinuch. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  4. "Вандалы подпортили светлый еврейский праздник Песах". Bagnet.org. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

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