Yevpatoria or Eupatoria (Ukrainian: Євпаторія, Roushie: Евпатория, Crimean Tatar: Kezlev, Greek: Ευπατορία, Κερκινίτις - Eupatoria, Kerkinitis, Turkis: Gözleve, Armenie: Եվպատորիա - Yevpatoria) is a ceety in Crimea, Ukraine.
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The first recordit settlement in the aurie, cried Kerkinitis (Κερκινίτης), wis built bi Greek colonists aroond 500 BC. Alang wi the rest o Crimea, Kerkinitis wis pairt o the dominions o Mithridates VI, Keeng o Pontus, frae whose cognomen, Eupator, the ceety's modren name derives.
Frae roughly the 7t through the 10t centuries AD Yevpatoriya wis a Khazar settlement; its name in Khazar leid wis probably Güzliev (literally "bonnie hoose"). It wis later subject tae the Cumans (Kipchaks), the Mongols an the Crimean Khanate. Durin this period the ceety wis cried Kezlev by Crimean Tatars an Gözleve bi Ottomans. The Roushie medieval name Kozlov is a Roushification o the Crimean Tatar name.
For a short period atween 1478 an 1485, the ceety wis admeenistrated bi the Ottoman Empire. Efterwards it became an important urban center o the Crimean Khanate. In 1783, wi the whole Crimea, Kezlev wis captured bi the Roushie Empire. Its name wis offeecially chyngit tae Yevpatoriya in 1784. The ceety wis briefly occupeed in 1854 bi Breetish, French an Turkis troops durin the Crimean War, when it wis the steid o the Battle o Eupatoria. Adam Mickiewicz visitit the toun in 1825 an wrote ane o his Crimean Sonnets here; it wis later translatit intae Roushie bi Mikhail Lermontov.
- Main airticle: Juma-Jami Mosque, Yevpatoria
The 400 year auld Juma Jami mosque is ane o the mony designed or built bi the Ottoman airchitect Mimar Sinan. 35-metre minarets rose on the flanks o the biggin. The mosque wis o great state significance. It wis here that a ceremony o the declaration o richts o the Crimean Khans wis held at their enthronement. Anerlie efter that they went tae their caipital, the ceety o Bakhchisarai.
Efter the annexation o the Crimea bi Roushie Yevpatoriya became a residence o the spiritual ruler o the Karaites, the Gakham. In this connection here a complex o twa prayin hooses wis built unner the superveesion o the Rabovich brithers, in which forms o the Renaissance an Moslem airchitectur entwined in a maist unusual manner. The ensemble organically incorporates three courtyards. The entrance tae it is marked bi the gates, built in 1900, which leuk like a refeened triumphal airch.
The day Yevpatoriya is a major Ukrainian Black Sea port, a rail hub, an resort toun. The main industries include fishin, fuid processin, wine makin, limestane quarryin, weavin, an the manufactur o biggin materials, machinery, furnitur manufacturin an tourism. The Naitional Space Agency o Ukraine haes grund control an trackin facilities here.
Yevpatoriya haes spas o mineral water, salt an mud lakes. These resorts belang tae a vast aurie wi curative facilities whaur the main health-impruivin factors are the sunshine an sea, air an sand, brine an mud o the salt lakes, as well as the mineral water o the hot springs. The population o the toun is sur tae hae kent aboot the curative qualities o the local mud that can be foond here frae time immemorial, which is witnessed bi the manuscripts o Pliny the Elder, a Roman scholar (ca 80 BC).
Famous attractions athin or near Yevpatoria are:
Names o asteroid number 6489 an number 24648
Asteroid number 6489 haes a name GOLEVKA, which haes a complicatit oreegin. In 1995, Golevka wis studied simultaneously bi three radar observatories athort the warld: Goldstone in Californie, Yevpatoria RT-70 radio telescope in Ukraine (Yevpatoriya is sometimes romanized as Evpatoria) an Kashima in Japan. 'Gol-Ev-Ka' comes frae the first few letters o each observatory's name; it wis proposed bi the discoverer follaein a suggestion bi Alexander Leonidovich Zaitsev.
Asteroid 24648 Evpatoria wis discovered 1985 Sept. 19 bi Nikolai Chernykh an Lyudmila Chernykh at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory, an named in honor o Evpatoria (thus Yevpatoriya). The minor planet marked the occasion o the 2500t anniversary o the toun in 2003.
|Figueira da Foz||Portugal||1989|
- Brutzkus, Julius (1944). "The Khazar Origin of Ancient Kiev", Slavonic and East European Review, p. 118
- Russian spacecraft for Fobos-Grunt program to be controlled from Yevpatoria, Kyiv Post (June 25, 2010)
- UPDATE: 26 Killed, 5 Hospitalized After Crimea House Blast, Ukrainian News Agency (December 26, 2008)
- Death toll of Crimean blast reaches 27, says Emergencies Ministry, Interfax-Ukraine (December 26, 2008)
- Friday Declared Mourning Day In Ukraine For Victims Of Yevpatoriya Gas Explosion, Ukrainian News Agency (December 26, 2008)
- Ukraine mourns Crimea blast dead, BBC News (December 26, 2008)
- 27 dead after Ukrainian apartment blast, CNN (December 26, 2008)
- Four beaches in Crimea receive international certificates o cleanliness, Kyiv Post (May 12, 2010)
- JPL Small-Body Database, NASA
- Yevpatoriya Photo gallery - (Roushie)
- MA in Black Sea Cultural Studies. International Hellenic University-School o Humanities.