Yevpatoria

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Yevpatoria
Євпаторія
Евпатория
Kezlev
Yevpatoria panorama

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Coat of arms
Yevpatoria is located in Crimea
Yevpatoria
Yevpatoria
Location o Yevpatoriya athin Crimea, Ukraine
Coordinates: 45°11′38″N 33°22′5″E / 45.19389°N 33.36806°E / 45.19389; 33.36806Coordinates: 45°11′38″N 33°22′5″E / 45.19389°N 33.36806°E / 45.19389; 33.36806
Kintra disputit
 Roushie  Ukraine
Republic  Crimea
Region Yevpatoria municipality
Area
 • Total 120 km2 (50 sq mi)
Elevation 10 m (30 ft)
Population
 • Total 123,456
 • Density 1,618.37/km2 (4,191.6/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 97400 — 97490
Area code(s) +380-6569
Former name Kezlev (Gezlev) (till 1784)
Website http://www.kalamit.info/

Yevpatoria or Eupatoria (Ukrainian: Євпаторія, Roushie: Евпатория‎, Crimean Tatar: Kezlev‎, Greek: Ευπατορία, Κερκινίτις - Eupatoria, Kerkinitis, Turkis: Gözleve‎, Armenie: Եվպատորիա‎ - Yevpatoria) is a ceety in Crimea, Ukraine.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The first recordit settlement in the aurie, cried Kerkinitis (Κερκινίτης), wis built bi Greek colonists aroond 500 BC. Alang wi the rest o Crimea, Kerkinitis wis pairt o the dominions o Mithridates VI, Keeng o Pontus, frae whose cognomen, Eupator, the ceety's modren name derives.

Frae roughly the 7t through the 10t centuries AD Yevpatoriya wis a Khazar settlement; its name in Khazar leid wis probably Güzliev (literally "bonnie hoose").[1] It wis later subject tae the Cumans (Kipchaks), the Mongols an the Crimean Khanate. Durin this period the ceety wis cried Kezlev by Crimean Tatars an Gözleve bi Ottomans. The Roushie medieval name Kozlov is a Roushification o the Crimean Tatar name.

For a short period atween 1478 an 1485, the ceety wis admeenistrated bi the Ottoman Empire. Efterwards it became an important urban center o the Crimean Khanate. In 1783, wi the whole Crimea, Kezlev wis captured bi the Roushie Empire. Its name wis offeecially chyngit tae Yevpatoriya in 1784. The ceety wis briefly occupeed in 1854 bi Breetish, French an Turkis troops durin the Crimean War, when it wis the steid o the Battle o Eupatoria. Adam Mickiewicz visitit the toun in 1825 an wrote ane o his Crimean Sonnets here; it wis later translatit intae Roushie bi Mikhail Lermontov.

The 400 year auld Juma Jami mosque is ane o the mony designed or built bi the Ottoman airchitect Mimar Sinan. 35-metre minarets rose on the flanks o the biggin. The mosque wis o great state significance. It wis here that a ceremony o the declaration o richts o the Crimean Khans wis held at their enthronement. Anerlie efter that they went tae their caipital, the ceety o Bakhchisarai.

Entrance tae the Karaite Kenassa in Yevpatoria

Efter the annexation o the Crimea bi Roushie Yevpatoriya became a residence o the spiritual ruler o the Karaites, the Gakham. In this connection here a complex o twa prayin hooses wis built unner the superveesion o the Rabovich brithers, in which forms o the Renaissance an Moslem airchitectur entwined in a maist unusual manner. The ensemble organically incorporates three courtyards. The entrance tae it is marked bi the gates, built in 1900, which leuk like a refeened triumphal airch.

Modren Yevpatoria[eedit | eedit soorce]

The day Yevpatoriya is a major Ukrainian Black Sea port, a rail hub, an resort toun. The main industries include fishin, fuid processin, wine makin, limestane quarryin, weavin, an the manufactur o biggin materials, machinery, furnitur manufacturin an tourism. The Naitional Space Agency o Ukraine haes grund control an trackin facilities here.[2]

Yevpatoriya haes spas o mineral water, salt an mud lakes. These resorts belang tae a vast aurie wi curative facilities whaur the main health-impruivin factors are the sunshine an sea, air an sand, brine an mud o the salt lakes, as well as the mineral water o the hot springs. The population o the toun is sur tae hae kent aboot the curative qualities o the local mud that can be foond here frae time immemorial, which is witnessed bi the manuscripts o Pliny the Elder, a Roman scholar (ca 80 BC).

On December 24, 2008 a blast destroyed a five story biggin in the toun. 27 fowk wur killed. President Viktor Yushchenko declared December 26 tae be a day o naitional mournin.[3][4][5][6][7]

Twa beaches in Yevpatoria are Blue Flag beaches syne Mey 2010, these whaur the first beaches (wi twa beaches in Yalta) tae be awardit a Blue Flag in a CIS memberstate.[8]

Aurie Attractions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Famous attractions athin or near Yevpatoria are:

The garden at the Karaite Kenasa in Yevpatoria

Names o asteroid number 6489 an number 24648[eedit | eedit soorce]

Asteroid number 6489 haes a name GOLEVKA, which haes a complicatit oreegin. In 1995, Golevka wis studied simultaneously bi three radar observatories athort the warld: Goldstone in Californie, Yevpatoria RT-70 radio telescope in Ukraine (Yevpatoriya is sometimes romanized as Evpatoria) an Kashima in Japan. 'Gol-Ev-Ka' comes frae the first few letters o each observatory's name; it wis proposed bi the discoverer follaein a suggestion bi Alexander Leonidovich Zaitsev.

Asteroid 24648 Evpatoria wis discovered 1985 Sept. 19 bi Nikolai Chernykh an Lyudmila Chernykh at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory, an named in honor o Evpatoria (thus Yevpatoriya). The minor planet marked the occasion o the 2500t anniversary o the toun in 2003.[9]

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ioannina — sister ceety o Yevpatoria
Airms Ceety Naition Syne
Ioannina  Greece 1989
FIG.png Figueira da Foz  Portugal 1989
Ludwigsburg Wappen.png Ludwigsburg  Germany 1992
Zakynthos  Greece 2002
POL Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski COA.svg Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski  Poland 2004
Coat of arms of Krasnogorsky rayon (Moscow oblast).png Krasnogorsky Destrict  Roushie 2006
Lambie  Greece 2009
Coat of Arms of Belgorod.png Belgorod  Roushie 2010

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Settlements o Crimea Template:Pontic colonies