Sumy Oblast

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Sumy Oblast
Сумська область
Sums’ka oblast’
Oblast
Banner o Sumy Oblast
Flag
Coat o airms o Sumy Oblast
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Сумщина (Sumshchyna)
Location o Sumy Oblast (red) athin Ukraine (blue)
Kintra Banner o Ukraine Ukraine
Admin. centre Sumy
Government
 • Governor Yuriy Chmyr[1] (Pairty o Regions[1])
 • Oblast cooncil ? seats
 • Chairperson Vyacheslav Shaposhnik[2] (Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc[2])
Area
 • Total 23,834 km2 (9,202 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 16t
Population (2006)
 • Total 1,221,368
 • Rank Ranked 19t
 • Density 51/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 40000-41999
Aurie code +380-54
ISO 3166 code UA-59
Raions 18
Ceeties o oblast subordinance 7
Ceeties (total) 15
Touns 20
Villages 1492
FIPS 10-4 UP21
Website www.state-gov.sumy.ua

Sumy Oblast (Ukrainian: Сумська область, translit. Sums’ka oblast’; an aw referred tae as SumshchynaUkrainian: Сумщина) is an oblast (province) in the northeastren pairt o Ukraine. The admeenistrative center o the oblast is the ceety o Sumy.

Ither important ceeties athin the oblast include Konotop, Okhtyrka, Romny, an Shostka.

As o 1 Mey 2004, the population is 1,255,866, which includes 886,100 ceety/toun-dwellers, an 483,700 veelagers.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Sumy Oblast is situatit in the northeastren pairt o Ukraine. The aurie o the oblast' (23,800 km²), comprises aboot 3,95% o the total aurie o the kintra.

The obalst' borders the Bryansk Oblast (Roushie) on the northeast, the Kursk Oblast (Roushie) on the east, the Poltava on the soothwast, the Kharkiv Oblasts on the sooth, an the Chernihiv Oblast on the wast.

Points o interest[eedit | eedit soorce]

The follaein historic-cultural steidit wur nominatit for the Seiven Wonders o Ukraine.

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Sumy Oblast wis established on 10 December 1939. The day it comprises 18 raions (destricts), 15 ceeties, 7 ceety municipalities, 20 Urban-type settlements, 384 veelage cooncils, an 1500 veelages.

The follaein data incorporates the number o each type o admeenistrative diveesions o the Sumy Oblast:

  • Admeenistrative Center – 1 (Sumy)
  • Raions – 18;
  • Ceety raions – 2;
  • Settlements – 1526, includin:
    • Veelages – 1491;
    • Ceeties/Touns – 35, includin:
      • Urban-type settlement – 20;
      • Ceeties – 15, includin:
        • Ceeties o oblast' subordinance – 7;
        • Ceeties o raion subordinance – 8;
  • Selsovets – 384.

The local admeenistration o the oblast' is controlled bi the Sumy Oblast Rada. The govrenor o the oblast' is the Sumy Oblast Rada speaker, appointit bi the Preses o Ukraine.

Environment[eedit | eedit soorce]

Detailed map o Sumy Oblast.

The Sumy Oblast contains 168 objects an territories o natural reserve. The oblast' is rich in picturesque banks o numerous rivers, an sources o mineral watters. Major environmental problems are: soil erosion, pesticide pollution, air an watter pollution. Ceety heas a problem o garbage utilization. The anerlie place for pesticide utilization in Ukraine is Shostka, Sumy region.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Industry[eedit | eedit soorce]

The main industrial activities o the oblast' are: chemical mechanical ingineerin, pumpin an energy mechanical ingineerin, agricultural machine-construction, instrument-makkin industry an radio electronics, technical equipment production for processin fields o agro-industrial complexes, minin an iron ore production industry, polygraph industry an medicine production, ile an gas processin, chemical production, film an photo material production (See: Svema), an chemical fertilizer production. In general, there are 273 lairge industry enterprises an 327 sma industry enterprises.

Agricultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 1999, the gross grain yield wis aboot 446,000 tons, sugar beets – 664,000 tons, sunflouer seeds – 27,700 tons, potatoes – 343,600 tons. The region an aw produced 108,700 tons o meat, 517,800 tons o milk an 295,300,000 eggs. At the beginnin o 1999, there wur 781 registered ferms in the oblast'.

Nomenclatur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Maist o Ukraine's oblasts are namit efter their caipital ceeties, offeecially referred tae as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name o each oblast is a relative adjective, formit bi addin a feminine suffix tae the name o respective center ceety: Sumy is the center o the Sums’ka oblast’ (Sumy Oblast). Maist oblasts are an aw sometimes referred tae in a feminine noun form, follaein the convention o traditional regional place names, endin wi the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case wi the Sumy Oblast, Sumshchyna.

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Sumy Oblast

Coordinates: 51°00′N 34°00′E / 51.000°N 34.000°E / 51.000; 34.000