Donetsk Oblast

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Donetsk Oblast
Донецька область
Donets’ka oblast’
Oblast
Banner o Donetsk Oblast
Flag
Coat o airms o Donetsk Oblast
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Донеччина (Donechchyna)
Location o Donetsk Oblast (red) athin Ukraine (blue)
Coordinates: 48°08′N 37°44′E / 48.14°N 37.74°E / 48.14; 37.74
Kintra Banner o Ukraine Ukraine
Established 3 Juin 1938
Admin. centre Donetsk
Government
 • Governor Andriy Schyschatskyi[1] (PR[3])
 • Oblast cooncil 150 seats
 • Chairperson Andriy Fedoruk[2] (PR[2])
Area
 • Total 26,517 km2 (10,238 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 11t
Population (2006)
 • Total 4,622,900
 • Rank Ranked 1st
 • Density 170/km2 (450/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Official language(s) Ukrainian, Russian (regional)[4]
 • Average salary UAH 1161 (2006)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 83000-87999
Aurie code +380-62
ISO 3166 code UA-14
Raions 18
Ceeties o oblast subordinance 28
Ceeties (total) 52
Touns 131
Villages 1124
FIPS 10-4 UP05
Website www.donoda.gov.ua
www.rada.gov.ua

Donetsk Oblast (Ukrainian: Донецька область, Donets’ka oblast’; an aa referred tae as DonechchynaUkrainian: Донеччина Donechchyna; Roushie: Донецкая область‎, Donetskaya oblast) is an oblast (province) o eastren Ukraine. Its admeenistrative center is Donetsk. Historically, the province is an important pairt o the Donbas region. Till November, 1961, it bore the name Stalino Oblast in honour o Joseph Stalin.

Important ceeties athin the oblast include: Sloviansk, Horlivka, Kramatorsk, Makiivka, Mariupol, Yenakiieve.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Donetsk Oblast is locatit in sootheastren Ukraine. The aurie o the oblast (26,900 km²), comprises aboot 4.4% o the total aurie o the kintra. The oblast borders the Dnipropetrovsk an Zaporizhia Oblasts on the soothwast, the Luhansk Oblast on the northeast, the Rostov Oblast in Roushie on the east, an wi the Sea o Azov on the sooth.

Its langitude frae north tae sooth is 270 km, fromae east tae wast – 190 km. The extreme points o the oblast's borders are: Bilosarayska Kosa (spit) on the sooth, Shevchenko o Velykonovosilkivskyi Raion on the wast, Verkhnyi Kut o Shakhtarskyi Raion on the east, an Lozove o Krasnolymanskyi Raion on the north.

The state historic-airchitectural preserve near the ceety o Sviatohirsk wi the Sviatohirsk Lavra wis nominatit for the Sieven Wonders o Ukraine.

Detailed map o Donetsk Oblast

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

The oblast is subdividit intae 18 raions (admeenistrative destricts). It consists o 28 municipalities, 52 cities, 131 touns, an mair than 1,124 veelages.

The follaein data incorporates the number o each type o admeenistrative diveesions o Donetsk Oblast:

  • Admeenistrative Center – 1 (Donetsk)
  • Raions — 18;
  • Ceety raions — 28;
  • Settlements — 1,283, includin:
    • Veelages — 1,124;
    • Ceeties/Touns — 159, includin:
      • Urban-type settlement — 131;
      • Ceeties — 52, includin:
        • Ceeties o oblast' subordinance — 28;
        • Ceeties o raion subordinance — 24;
  • SelsovetsN/A.

The local admeenistration o the oblast' is controlled bi the Donetsk Oblast Rada. The govrenor o the oblast' is the Heid o Donetsk Oblast admeenistration, appointit bi the Preses o Ukraine.

Raions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

The population o Donetsk Oblast is 4.7 million (2004), which constitutes 10% o the owerall Ukrainian population, makin it the maist populous an maist densely populatit region in the kintra. Its lairge population is due tae the presence o several big industrial ceeties an numerous veelages agglomeratit aroond them (see urbanization).

Durin the 2004 presidential election, poleetical supporters o Viktor Yanukovych threatened tae demand autonomy for Donetsk an neighbourin oblasts if the election o their candidate wis no recognised. Housomeivver, nae offeecial muives wur iver made.

As o the Ukrainian Naitional Census, 2001, the ethnic groups athin the Donetsk Oblast are: Ukrainians — 2,744,100 (56.9%), Roushies — 1,844,400 (38.2%), Greeks – 77,500 (1.61%), Belaroushies — 44,500 (0.92%), Crimean Tatars — 19,200 (0.4%), Armenians — 15,700 (0.33%), an Jews – 8,800 (0.18%).[5]

The leids spoken athin the oblast' are: Roushie — 74.9%, Ukrainian — 24.1%, an Armenie — 0.13%.[5]

Map o the economic activity in the Donbass, includin the Donetsk Oblast.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Industry[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Donetsk Oblast covers mair than ane haluf coal, fieenished steel, coke, cast iron an steel production in Ukraine. Ferrous metallurgy, fuel industry an pouer industry are in demand in the structur o industry production. There are aboot 882 industry enterprises that are on independent balance, an 2,095 sma industry enterprises in the oblast.[6]

The oblast' haes a developed transport infrastructur which includes the Donetsk railway (covers 40% o naitional transportation), the Mariupol Port, the Donetsk Internaitional Airport, passenger airports in Mariupol an Kramatorsk, an dense road seestems. In the Donetsk Oblast twa special economic zones hae been creatit, Donetsk an Azov, which hae a privileged tax regime.[6]

Agricultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 1999, the gross grain yield in the oblast wis aboot 999.1 thoosan tons, sugar beets – 27.1 thoosan tons, sunflouer seeds – 309.4 thoosan tons, an potatoes – 380.2 thoosan tons.[6] An aa, 134.2 thoosan tons o meat, 494.3 thoosan tons o milk an 646.4 million eggs hae been produced. At the beginnin o 1999 there hae been 2108 ferms athin the oblast.[6]

Ecologie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Donetsk Oblast's climate is maistly continental, which is characterised bi hot simmers an relatively cauld winters wi chyngeable snaw surfaces. East an sootheast strang winds, heich temperaturs an hivy rain shouers are typical in the simmer. The average annual rainfallw is 524 mm.

A wooden brig leads tae the entrance tae the Khomutovska Steppe natur preserve in Donetsk Oblast.

The basic minerals foond here are: coal (reserves – 25 billion tons), rock salt, lime carbonate, potassium, mercury, asbestos, an graphite. The area is an aa rich in fertile black earth.

Important resources for recreation athin the aurie are: the mild climate, the Sea o Azov coast, curative mud, sources o minerals, an radon an table water. Due tae these numerous recreation resources, mony resort hotels an camps are locatit here. There are aboot 26 health centres an pensions, 52 rest hames an boardin hooses, an rest camps for childer in the oblast.[6]

The curative auries in the oblast include the Slovyansk salt lakes an mineral water sources. The oblast an aa contains mony pairk zones, some o which are o great naitional value. They include the Khomutivsky steppe an the Azov sea coast. Oweraw, the Donetsk Oblast contains abouot 70 objects o natur an pairk fund includin branches o the Ukrainian steppe pairk, 6 state reserves, 10 memorials o natur, landscapes, an 6 pairk tracts.[6]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]