Luhansk Oblast

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Luhansk Oblast
Луганська область
Luhans’ka oblast’
Oblast
Banner o Luhansk Oblast
Flag
Coat o airms o Luhansk Oblast
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Eastren gate o Ukraine,[1][2] dawn of Ukraine,[3][4][5] Luhanshchyna, Luhan'
Location o Luhansk Oblast (red) athin Ukraine (blue)
Coordinates: 48°55′N 39°01′E / 48.92°N 39.02°E / 48.92; 39.02
Kintra  Ukraine
Established 3 Juin 1938
Admin. centre Luhansk
Government
 • Governor Valeriy Holenko[6] (Pairty o Regions[6])
 • Oblast cooncil ? seats
 • Chairperson Vladimir Prystyuk[7] (Pairty o Regions[7])
Area
 • Total 26,684 km2 (10,303 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 2,409,000
 • Rank Ranked 7t
 • Density 90/km2 (230/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Official language(s) Ukrainian, Roushie
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code ?
Aurie code +380-64
ISO 3166 code UA-09
Vehicle registration BB
Raions 18
Ceeties o oblast subordinance 4
Ceeties (total) 37
Touns 109
Villages 792
FIPS 10-4 UP14
Website loga.gov.ua
oblrada.lg.ua

Luhansk Oblast (Ukrainian: Луганська область, translit. Luhans’ka oblast’, Roushie: Луганская область‎, translit. Luganskaya oblast; also referred to as LuhanshchynaUkrainian: Луганщина or locally as Luhan' (Лугань)) is the eastmaist oblast (province) o Ukraine. Its admeenistrative center is Luhansk. The oblast wis established on 3 Juin 1938 an bore the name Voroshilovgrad Oblast (till 1958 an again frae 1970 tae 1990) in honor o Kliment Voroshilov.

Important ceeties athin the oblast include: Alchevsk, Antratsyt, Bryanka, Kirovsk, Krasnyi Luch, Krasnodon, Lysychansk, Luhansk, Pervomaisk, Rovenky, Rubizhne, Sverdlovsk, Syeverodonetsk, Stakhanov.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Luhansk Oblast is locatit in eastren Ukraine. The aurie o the oblast' (26,700 km²), comprises aboot 4.42% o the total aurie o the kintra.

Its langitude frae north tae sooth is 250 km, frae east tae wast – 190 km. The oblast' borders the Belgorod an Voronezh Oblast's o Roushie on the north, the Rostov Oblast o Roushie on the east, the Rostov Oblast on the sooth, an the Kharkiv an Donetsk Oblast's on the wast.

Admeenistrative subdiveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

The follaein data incorporates the number o each type o admeenistrative diveesions o the Luhansk Oblast:

  • Admeenistrative Center – 1 (Luhansk)
  • Raions — 18;
  • Ceety raions — 4;
  • Settlements — 975, includin:
    • Veelages — 787;
    • Ceeties/Touns — 146, includin:
      • Urban-type settlement — 109;
      • Ceeties — 37, including:
        • Ceeties o oblast' subordinance — 14;
        • Ceeties o raion subordinance — 23;
  • Selsovets — 206.

The local admeenistration o the oblast' is controlled bi the Luhansk Oblast Rada. The govrenor o the oblast' is the Luhansk Oblast Rada speaker, appointit bi the Preses o Ukraine.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

The population is lairgely Roushie-speakin although ethnic Ukrainians constitute a majority. Mair than 69% o the population consider thairsels native Roushie speakers.

Its population (as o 2004) o 2,461,506 million constitutes 5.13% o the oweraw Ukrainian population. The Luhansk Oblast rates fift in Ukraine bi the number o its inhabitants, haein an average population density o 90.28 /km². Aboot 87% o the population lives in urban auries, an the rest – 13%, reside in agricultural auries. Accordin tae the naitional census, 54.0% o the population are Ukrainians an 42% are Roushies.

Map o Luhansk Oblast an umwhile Slavo-Serbie (1753–1764).

Politics[eedit | eedit soorce]

On 25 Aprile 2006, the Oblast's cooncil votit tae recognize Roushie as a co-offeecial leid in the territory o Luhansk Oblast. Housomeivver, such a decision mey hae nae legal effect accordin tae Ukraine's legislation.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The oblast belongs to the historical region of Donbas as well as to Sloboda Ukraine (Slobozhanshchina). Between 1753 and 1764, a territory of Imperial Russia named Slavo-Serbia existed in this area with administrative seat in Slovianoserbsk.

Points o interest[eedit | eedit soorce]

The follaein historic-cultural steids wur nominatit for the Seiven Wonders o Ukraine.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]