Volyn Oblast

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Volyn Oblast
Волинська область
Volyns’ka oblast’
Oblast
Banner o Volyn Oblast
Flag
Coat o airms o Volyn Oblast
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Volyn
Location o Volyn Oblast (red) athin Ukraine (blue)
Kintra  Ukraine
Admin. centre Lutsk
Government
 • Governor Borys Klymchuk[1]
 • Oblast cooncil 80 seats
 • Chairperson Volodymyr Voitovich[2] (Fowkpairty[2])
Area
 • Total 20,144 km2 (7,778 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 20t
Population (2006)
 • Total 1,036,891
 • Rank Ranked 24t
 • Density 51/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 43xxx-45xxx
Aurie code +380-33
ISO 3166 code UA-07
Raions 16
Ceeties o oblast subordinance 4
Ceeties (total) 11
Touns 22
Villages 1053
FIPS 10-4 UP24
Website www.voladm.gov.ua

Volyn Oblast (Ukrainian: Волинська область, translit. Volyns’ka oblast’; an aw referred tae as Volyn’) is an oblast (province) in north-wastren Ukraine. Its admeenistrative center is Lutsk. Kovel is the wastmaist toun an the last station in Ukraine o the rail line runnin frae Kiev tae Warsaw.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

See an aw: Volhynie for earlier history

Volyn wis ance pairt o Kievan Rus' afore becomin an independent local principality an an integral part of the Halych-Volynie, ane o Kievan Rus' successor states. In the 15t century, the aurie came unner the control o neighbourin Grand Duchy o Lithuanie, in 1569 passin ower tae Poland an then in 1795, until Warld War I, tae the Roushie Empire where it was a part o the Volynskaya Guberniya. In the interwar period maist o the territory, organizit as Wołyń Voivodeship wis unner Pols control.

In 1939 when follaeing the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact Poland wis invadit an dividit bi Nazi Germany an the Soviet Union, Volyn joined the Soviet Ukraine, an on December 4, 1939 the oblast wis organizit.

Mony Ukrainians rejoicit at the "reunification", but the Pols minority suffered a cruel fate. Thoosans o Poles, especially retired Pols officers an intelligentsia wur deportit tae Siberie an ither auries in the deths o the Soviet Union. A heich proportion o these deportees dee'd in the extreme conditions o Soviet labour camps an maist wur niver able tae return tae Volyn again.

In 1941 Volyn alang wi the Soviet Union wis invadit bi the Nazi Germany's Barbarossa Offensive. Nazis completit their holocaust o the Jews o Volhynie in late 1942.

Pairtisan activity stairtit in Volyn in 1941, suin efter German occupation. Pairtisans wur involvit in the Rail War campaign against German supply lines an wur kent for their efficiency in gatherin intelligence an for sabotage. The region formit the basis o several netwirks an mony members o the local population servit wi the partisans. The Poles in the aurie became pairt o the Pols Hame Airmy, which aften unnerteuk operations wi the pairtisan muivement.

Rivers in the destrict

The Ukrainian Insurgent Airmy (UPA) began operatin in the region in 1942 an then spread to ither regions o Ukraine. UPA units focht the German Airmy, Pols Hame Airmy, then the Soviets for mony years efter Warld War II. Unner the false promise o an independent Ukraine, UPA supportit bi Nazi Germany began tae target ethnic minorities (Poles, Jews, Roushie, amang ithers) for liquidation. Some 30,000 tae 60,000 Poles (Pols sources gave even heicher figurs) an aroond 2,000 or more Ukrainians were killed in retaliation (see Massacres of Poles in Volhynia).

In Januar 1944 the Red Airmy recaptured the territory frae the Nazis.

In the immediate eftermath o Warld War II the Pols-Soviet border wis redrawn based on the Curzon line. Volyn, alang wi the neighbourin provinces became an integral pairt o the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. Maist Poles who remained in the eastren region wur transferred tae the Recovered Territories o wastren Poland (the umwhile eastmaist provinces o Germany) whose German population haed been expelled. Some o the Ukrainians on the wastren side, notably aroond the ceety o Kholm (Chełm in Pols), wur an aw alloued tae muive tae Ukraine.

The aurie unnerwent rapid industrialisation includin the construction o the Lutskiy Avtomobilnyi Zavod. Nivertheless the aurie remains ane o the maist landwart throuoot the umwhile Soviet Union. It currently ranks amangst Ukraine's poorest auries, likely due tae a lack o investment an a declinin infrastructur. Some o its launds are on the edge o the aurie affectit bi the Chernobyl disaster.

Historical Steids[eedit | eedit soorce]

The follaein historical-cultural steids wur nominatit for the Seiven Wonders o Ukraine.

Politics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Umwhile Chairmen o Oblast Cooncil

Subdiveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Volyn Oblast is admeenistratively subdividit intae 16 raions (destricts), as well as 4 ceeties (municipalities) which are directly subordinate to the oblast government: Kovel, Novovolynsk, Volodymyr-Volynskyi, and the administrative center of the oblast, Lutsk.

Raions of the Volyn Oblast
In Scots In Ukrainian Admeenistrative Center
Horokhivskyi Raion Горохівський район
Horokhivs'kyi raion
Horokhiv
(Ceety)
Ivanychivskyi Raion Іваничівський район
Ivanychivs'kyi raion
Ivanychi
(Urban-type settlement)
Kamin-Kashyrskyi Raion Камінь-Каширський район
Kamin'-Kashyrs'kyi raion
Kamin-Kashyrskyi
(Ceety)
Kivertsivskyi Raion Ківерцівський район
Kivertsivs'kyi raion
Kivertsi
(Ceety)
Kovelskyi Raion Ковельський район
Kovels'kyi raion
Kovel
(Ceety)
Lokachynskyi Raion Локачинський район
Lokachyns'kyi raion
Lokachi
(Urban-type settlement)
Lutskyi Raion Луцький район
Luts'kyi raion
Lutsk
(Ceety)
Lyubeshivskyi Raion Любешівський район
Lyubeshivs'kyi raion
Lyubeshiv
(Urban-type settlement)
Lyubomlskyi Raion Любомльський район
Lyubomls'kyi raion
Lyuboml
(Ceety)
Manevytskyi Raion Маневицький район
Manevyts'kyi raion
Manevychi
(Ceety)
Ratnivskyi Raion Ратнівський район
Ratnivs'kyi raion
Ratne
(Urban-type settlement)
Rozhyshchenskyi Raion Рожищенський район
Rozhyshchens'kyi raion
Rozhysche
(Ceety)
Shatskyi Raion Шацький район
Shats'kyi raion
Shatsk
(Ceety)
Starovyzhivskyi Raion Старовижівський район
Starovyzhivs'kyi raion
Stara Vyzhivka
(Urban-type settlement)
Turiyskyi Raion Турійський район
Turiys'kyi raion
Turiysk
(Urban-type settlement)
Volodymyr-Volynskyi Raion Володимир-Волинський район
Volodymyr-Volynskyi raion
Volodymyr-Volynskyi
(Ceety)

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Volyn Oblast