Odessa Oblast

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Odessa Oblast
Одеська область
Odes’ka oblast’
Oblast
Banner o Odessa Oblast
Flag
Coat o airms o Odessa Oblast
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Одещина (Odeshchyna)
Location o Odessa Oblast (red) athin Ukraine (blue)
Kintra  Ukraine
Admin. centre Odessa
Government
 • Governor Eduard Matviychuk[1] (Pairty o Regions[1])
 • Oblast cooncil 120 seats
 • Chairperson Mykola Leonidovych Skoryk (Pairty o Regions)
Area
 • Total 33,310 km2 (12,860 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 1st
Population (2008)
 • Total 2,687,543
 • Rank Ranked 6
 • Density 81/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 65000-68999
Aurie code +380-48
ISO 3166 code UA-51
Raions 26
Ceeties o oblast subordinance 7
Ceeties (total) 19
Touns 33
Villages 1138
FIPS 10-4 UP17
Website www.odessa.gov.ua

Odessa Oblast, an aa written as Odesa Oblast (Ukrainian: Одеська область, translit. Odes’ka oblast’; an aa referred tae as OdeshchynaUkrainian: Одещина), (Greek: Οδησσός) is the lairgest an soothmaist oblast (province) o sooth-wastren Ukraine. The admeenistrative center o the oblast is the ceety o Odessa.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The evidence o the earliest inhabitants in this aurie comes frae the settlements an burial grunds o the Neolithic Gumelniţa, Cucuteni-Trypillian an Usatovo culturs, as well as tumuli an hoards o the Bronze Age Proto-Indo-Europeans. In the 1st millennium B.C. the Milesian Greeks built colonies alang the North Black Sea Coast, includin the touns o Olbia, Tyras, Niconium, Panticapaeum, an Chersonesus. The Greeks left ahint painted vessels, ceramics, sculpturs, inscriptions, airts an crafts that indicate the prosperity o their auncient ceevilisation.

The cultur o Scythian tribes inhabitin the Black Sea littoral steppes is representit bi fynds frae settlements an burial grunds. There are weapon items, bronze cauldrons, ither utensils, adornments. Bi the beginnin o the 1st millennium A.D. the Sarmatians displaced the Scythians. In the 3rd–4t centuries A.D. the tribal alliance, representit bi the items o Chernyakhov cultur, wis creatit. Syne the middle o the first millennium the formation o Slavic fowk began. In the 9t century they wur unitit intae a state wi Kiev as a centre. The Khazars, Polovtsy, Pechenegs wur the Slavs' neighbours durin the different times. The period o the 9t–14t centuries is reflectit bi the materials frae the settlements an ceeties o Kievan Rus', Belgorod, Caffa-Theodosia, Berezan Island.

Umwhile ruled bi the Ottoman Empire, the territory o the Odessa oblast passed intae Roushie an Soviet haunds in various stages atween the aichteent an 20t centuries. The Roushie Empire's expansion alang the Black Sea coast led tae the creation of the territory o Novorossiya, which wis colonised bi a variety o fowks, o whom the Roushies wur dominant. The Odessa oblast corresponds tae the maist wasterly portion o "New Roushie".

The oblast wis creatit on 27 Februar 1932 as pairt o the Ukrainian SSR. It wis expandit further in 1954 bi absorbin Izmail Oblast (umwhile kent as Budjak region o Bessarabie).

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The oblast occupees an aurie o aroond 33,300 square kilometres (12,850 square miles). It is characterised bi lairgely flat steppes dividit bi the estuary o the Dniester river. Its Black Sea coast comprises numerous sandy beaches, estuaries an lagoons. The region's soils are renouned for their fertility, an intensive agricultur is the mainstay o the local economy. The soothwast possesses mony orchards an vineyards, while arable crops are grown throughoot the region.

Points o interest[eedit | eedit soorce]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Rapeseed Field in Odessa Oblast.

Significant branches o the oblast's economy are:

The region's industrial capability is principally concentratit in an aroond Odessa.

Demografics[eedit | eedit soorce]

The oblast's population (as o 2004) is 2.4 million fowk, nearly 40% o whom live in the ceety o Odessa.

Significant Romanie (6.2%) an Bulgarie (6.1%) minorities reside in the province.[2] There is a sma Greek community in the ceety o Odessa.

Bulgaries an Moldovans / Romanies represent 21% an 13% respectively, o the population in the region o Budjak, athin Odessa oblast.

Subdiveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Detailed map o Odessa Oblast.

The Odessa Oblast is admeenistratively subdividit intae 26 raions (destricts), as well as 7 ceeties (municipalities) which are directly subordinate tae the oblast govrenment: Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi, Illichivsk, Izmail, Kotovsk, Teplodar, Yuzhne, an the admeenistrative center o the oblast, Odessa.

Raions o the Odessa Oblast
In Scots In Ukrainian Admeenistrative Centre
Ananyiv Raion Ананьївський район
Anan'yivs'kyi raion
Ananyiv
(Ceety)
Artsyz Raion Арцизький район
Artsyz'kyi raion
Artsyz
(Ceety)
Balta Raion Балтський район
Balts'kyi raion
Balta
(Ceety)
Berezivka Raion Березівський район
Berezivs'kyi raion
Berezivka
(Ceety)
Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi Raion Білгород-Дністровський район
Bilhorod-Dnistrovs'kyi raion
Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi
(Ceety)
Biliayivka Raion Біляївський район
Biliayivs'kyi raion
Biliayivka
(Ceety)
Bolhrad Raion Болградський район
Bolhrads'kyi raion
Bolhrad
(Ceety)
Frunzivka Raion Фрунзівський район
Frunzivs'kyi raion
Frunzivka
(Urban-type settlement)
Ivanivka Raion Іванівський район
Ivanivs'kyi raion
Ivanivka
(Urban-type settlement)
Izmail Raion Ізмаїльський район
Izmails'kyi raion
Izmail
(Ceety)
Kilia Raion Кілійський район
Kiliys'kyi raion
Kilia
(Ceety)
Kodyma Raion Кодимський район
Kodyms'kyi raion
Kodyma
(Ceety)
Kominternivske Raion Комінтернівський район
Kominternivs'kyi raion
Kominternivske
(Urban-type settlement)
Kotovsk Raion Котовський район
Kotovs'kyi raion
Kotovsk
(Ceety)
Krasni Okny Raion Красноокнянський район
Krasno-oknians'kyi raion
Krasni Okny
(Urban-type settlement)
Liubashivka Raion Любашівський район
Liubashivs'kyi raion
Liubashivka
(Urban-type settlement)
Mykolaiv Raion Миколаївський район
Mykolayivs'kyi raion
Mykolaivka
(Urban-type settlement)
Ovidiopol Raion Овідіопольський район
Ovidiopols'kyi raion
Ovidiopol
(Urban-type settlement)
Reni Raion Ренійський район
Reniys'kyi raion
Reni
(Ceety)
Rozdilna Raion Роздільнянський район
Rozdil'nians'kyi raion
Rozdilna
(Ceety)
Sarata Raion Саратський район
Sarats'kyi raion
Sarata
(Urban-type settlement)
Savran Raion Савранський район
Savrans'kyi raion
Savran
(Urban-type settlement)
Shyriaieve Raion Ширяївський район
Shyriayivs'kyi raion
Shyriaieve
(Urban-type settlement)
Tarutyne Raion Тарутинський район
Tarutyns'kyi raion
Tarutyne
(Urban-type settlement)
Tatarbunary Raion Татарбунарський район
Tatarbunars'kyi raion
Tatarbunary
(Ceety)
Velyka Mykhailivka Raion Великомихайлівський район
Velykomykhailivs'kyi raion
Velyka Mykhailivka
(Urban-type settlement)

Nomenclatur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Maist o Ukraine's oblasts are named efter their caipital ceeties, offeecially referred tae as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name o each oblast is a relative adjective, formed bi addin a feminine suffix tae the name o respective center ceety: Odessa is the center o the Odes’ka oblast’ (Odessa Oblast). Maist oblasts are an aa sometimes referred tae in a feminine noun form, follaein the convention o traditional regional place names, endin wi the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case wi the Odessa Oblast, Odeshchyna.

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 47°00′N 30°00′E / 47.000°N 30.000°E / 47.000; 30.000