Greeks

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This airticle is aboot the Greek fowk. For the finance term, see Greeks (finance).
Greeks
Ἕλληνες
Elines
Greeks25-3.svg
1st row: Homer • King Leonidas • Pericles • Herodotus • Hippocrates
2nd row: Socrates • Plato • Aristotle • Alexander the Great  • Archimedes
3rd row: Hypatia • Basil II • Alexios Komnenos • Gemistos Plethon • El Greco
4th row: Rigas Feraios • Theodoros Kolokotronis • Laskarina Bouboulina • Georgios Karaiskakis • Ioannis Kapodistrias •
5th row: Eleftherios Venizelos • Constantine Cavafy • Georgios Papanikolaou • Archbishop Makarios • Pyrros Dimas
Total population
14–17 million [1][2]
Regions wi signeeficant populations
Banner o Greece Greece 10,219,255a (2001 census) [3][4]
Banner o Unitit States Unitit States 1,390,439[5]-3,000,000b (2009 est.) [6]
Banner o Cyprus Cyprus 690,394a (2011 census) [7]
Banner o Unitit Kinrick Unitit Kinrick 400,000 (estimate) [8]
Banner o Australie Australie 365,120[9] (2006 census)-700,000b [10]
Banner o Germany Germany 294,891 (2007 est.) [11]
Banner o Canadae Canadae 242,685c (2006 census) [12]
Banner o Albanie Albanie approx. 200,000 [13]
Banner o Roushie Roushie 97,827 (2002 census) [14][15]
Banner o Ukraine Ukraine 91,548 (2001 census) [16]
Banner o Chile Chile 90,000-120,000 [17]
Banner o Italy Italy 90,000d (estimate) [18][19][20]
Banner o Sooth Africae Sooth Africae 55,000 (2008 estimate) [21]
Banner o Brazil Brazil 50,000e [22]
Banner o Fraunce Fraunce 35,000(2009 est.) [23]
Banner o Argentinae Argentinae 30,000 (2008 estimate) [24]
Banner o Belgium Belgium 15,742 (2007) [25]
Banner o Georgie (kintra) Georgie 15,166 [26]
Banner o Serbie Serbie 725 (2011) [27]
Banner o Swaden Swaden 12,000–15,000 [28]
 Kazakhstan 13,000 (est) [29]
Banner o Swisserland Swisserland 11,000 estimated [30]
Banner o Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 9,500 estimate [31]
Banner o Romanie Romanie 6,500 2002 census [32]
Banner o Austrick Austrick 4,000 [33]
Banner o Turkey Turkey 4,000 [34]
Banner o Bulgarie Bulgarie 3,408 [35]
Banner o Sirie Sirie 1,500 [36]
Banner o Armenie Armenie 1,176 (2002 census) [37]
Banner o Mexico Mexico 5,000-20,000
Banner o New Zealand New Zealand 35,000
Leids

Greek, ithers (mainly those o Greek strynd who are assimilatit)

Releegion

Eastren Orthodox Christianity
(Greek Orthodox Kirk)

Footnotes
a Citizens of Greece and the Republic of Cyprus. The Greek and Cypriot governments do not collect information about ethnic self-determination at the national censuses.
b Higher figure includes those of ancestral descent.
c Those whose stated ethnic origins included "Greek" among others. The number of those whose stated ethnic origin is solely "Greek" is 145,250. An additional 3,395 Cypriots of undeclared ethnicity live in Canada.
dApprox. 60,000 Griko people and 30,000 post WW2 migrants.
e "Including descendants".

The Greeks, kent as the Hellenes an aw (Greek: Ἕλληνες, [ˈelines]), are an ethnic group native tae Greece, Cyprus an ither regions. They form a significant diaspora, wi Greek commonties establisht aroond the warld.[38]

Greek colonies an commonties hae been historically establisht in maist corners o the Mediterranean, but Greeks hae ayes been centered aroond the Aegean Sea, whaur the Greek leid haes been spoken syne antiquity.[39] Till the early 20t century, Greeks wur uniformly distributit atween the Greek peninsula, the wastren coast o Asie Minor, Pontus, Egyp, Cyprus an Constantinople; mony o these regions coincidit tae a lairge extent wi the borders o the Byzantine Empire o the late 11t century an the Eastren Mediterranean auries o the auncient Greek colonization.[40]

In the eftermath o the Greco-Turkish War (1919–1922), a lairge-scale population exchynge atween Greece an Turkey transferred an confined Christians frae Turkey, except Constantinople (effectively ethnic Greeks) intae the borders o the modren Greek state an Cyprus. Ither ethnic Greek populations can be foond frae soothrern Italy tae the Caucasus an in diaspora commonties in a nummer o ither kintras. Today, maist Greeks are offeecially registered as members o the Greek Orthodox Kirk.[41]

Citations[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Immigration and asylum: from 1900 to the present, Volume 1.
  2. http://www.kythera-family.net/download/WorldpopoGrks.pdf
  3. www.eurfedling.org The main ethnic groups were Greeks 93.76%, Albanians 4.32%, Bulgarians 0.39%, Romanians 0.23%, Ukrainians 0.18%, Pakistani 0.14%, Russians 0.12%, Georgians 0.12%, Indians 0.09% and others 0.65%.
  4. [1] information from the 2001 Census: The Census recorded 762.191 persons normally resident in Greece and without Greek citizenship, constituting around 7% of total population. Of these, 48.560 are EU or EFTA nationals; there are also 17.426 Cypriots with privileged status.
  5. Toal ancestry reported United States Census Bureau 2009.
  6. "Greece (08/09)". United States Department of State. August 2009. Retrieved 1 November 2009. 
  7. "Cyprus population census 2011".  Out of population of 838,897 people, 659,350 were citizens of Cyprus itself and 179,547 of foreign countries, of which 31,044 were citizens of Greece(690,394 overall citizens of Greece and Cyprus).
  8. Duff, Oliver (3 April 2008). "It's All Greek to Boris". The Independent (London). Retrieved 1 October 2009. 
  9. "2006 Census Table: Australia". www.censusdata.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 24 December 2008. 
  10. "General Diaspora Information". Hellenic Ministry of Foreign Affairs, General Secretary for Greeks Abroad. Archived from the original on 12 October 2004. Retrieved 2004. 
  11. "Foreign Population". Federal Statistical Office of Germany. Retrieved 18 January 2009. [deid airtin]
  12. "Ethnic origins, 2006 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 13 April 2008. 
  13. Jeffries, Ian (25 June 1993). ''Eastern Europe at the end of the 20th century'', Ian Jeffries, p. 69. ISBN 978-0-415-23671-3. Retrieved 27 August 2010. 
  14. Ethnic groups in Russia, 2002 census, Demoscope Weekly. Retrieved 5 February 2009
  15. Russia population census 2002, Vol. 4, Table 1. Retrieved 5 February 2009
  16. "2001 census". State Statistics Committee of Ukraine. Retrieved 13 April 2008. 
  17. (Spainyie) Embajada Griega en Chile.
  18. "Grecia Salentina official site (in Italian).". www.greciasalentina.org.org. Retrieved 2011-February. "La popolazione complessiva dell’Unione è di 54278 residenti così distribuiti (Dati Istat al 31° dicembre 2005. Comune Popolazione Calimera 7351 Carpignano Salentino 3868 Castrignano dei Greci 4164 Corigliano d'Otranto 5762 Cutrofiano 9250 Martano 9588 Martignano 1784 Melpignano 2234 Soleto 5551 Sternatia 2583 Zollino 2143 Totale 54278" 
  19. Bellinello, Pier Francesco (1998). Minoranze etniche e linguistiche. Bios. p. 53. ISBN 9788877401212. "Le attuali colonie Greche calabresi; La Grecìa calabrese si inscrive nel massiccio aspromontano e si concentra nell'ampia e frastagliata valle dell'Amendolea e nelle balze più a oriente, dove sorgono le fiumare dette di S. Pasquale, di Palizzi e Sidèroni e che costituiscono la Bovesia vera e propria. Compresa nei territori di cinque comuni (Bova Superiore, Bova Marina, Roccaforte del Greco, Roghudi, Condofuri), la Grecia si estende per circa 233 kmq. La popolazione anagrafica complessiva è di circa 14.000 unità." 
  20. "Hellenic Republic Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Italy, The Greek Community". "Greek community. The Greek diaspora consists of some 30,000 people, most of whom are to be found in Central Italy. There has also been an age-old presence of Italian nationals of Greek descent, who speak the Greco dialect peculiar to the Magna Graecia region. This dialect can be traced historically back to the era of Byzantine rule, but even as far back as classical antiquity." 
  21. "Hellenic Republic Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Greece and sub-Saharan African Countries Bilateral Relations". 
  22. "The Greek Community". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. 
  23. http://www.mfa.gr/www.mfa.gr/el-GR/Policy/Geographic+Regions/Europe/Relationships+with+EU+Member+States/France/
  24. "Hellenic Republic Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Argentina, The Greek Community". 
  25. "Ecodata, Belgian Statistics". 
  26. Eurominority: Greeks in Georgia
  27. Glas Javnosti: Nama su samo Srbi braća
  28. "Greek community of Sweden". Hellenic Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 
  29. "Ethnodemographic situation in Kazakhstan" (PDF). Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. 
  30. "Switzerland". www.mfa.gr. Retrieved 24 December 2008. [deid airtin]
  31. "GREEKS IN UZBEKISTAN - Central Asia-Caucasus Institute Analyst". www.cacianalyst.org. Retrieved 24 December 2008. 
  32. "Recensamant Romania 2002 < Articole InfoAfaceri < ClubAfaceri.ro". www.clubafaceri.ro. Retrieved 24 December 2008. 
  33. Hellenic Republic: Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Austria: The Greek Community
  34. minorityrights.org
  35. Bulgarian Census statistics.
  36. Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  37. National Statistical Service of the Republic of Armenia: 2002 census
  38. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Roberts1
  39. "The Greeks". Encyclopædia Britannica. US: Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. 2008. Online Edition. 
  40. Beaton, R. (1996). The Medieval Greek Romance. Routledge. pp. 1–25. ISBN 0-415-12032-2. 
  41. CIA World Factbook on Greece: Greek Orthodox 98%, Greek Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%.