Lviv Oblast

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Map of Ukraine political simple Oblast Lemberg.png

Lviv Oblast (Ukrainian: Львівська область, translit. L’vivs’ka oblast’; an aa referred tae as L’vivshchinaUkrainian: Львівщина) is an oblast (province) in wastren Ukraine. The admeenistrative centre o the oblast is the ceety o Lviv.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The oblast wis creatit as pairt o the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic on December 4, 1939. The territory o the umwhile Drohobych Oblast wis incorporatit intae the Lviv Oblast in 1959.

The oblast's strategic position at the hert o central Europe an as the gateway tae the Carpathians haes caused it tae chynge haunds mony times ower the centuries. It wis ruled variously bi Great Moravie, Kievan Rus', Poland an bi ane o Kievan Rus' successors, the state o Galicia-Volhynie (circa 1200 tae 1340), then bi the Pols-Lithuanie Commonwalth (1340 to 1772), the Austro-Hungarian Empire (1772 tae 1918), an Poland (1918 tae 1939), when it wis pairt o the Lwów Voivodship o the Seicont Republic o Poland. The region's historically dominant Ukrainian population declared the aurie tae be a pairt o an independent Wast Ukrainian Naitional Republic in 1918, but this endured anerlie briefly. Local autonomy wis providit in internaitional treaties but later on those wur no honoured by the Pols govrenment an the aurie experienced hintle ethnic tension atween the Pols an Ukrainian population.

The region an its caipital ceety take their name frae the time o Galicie-Volhynie, when Daniel o Galicie, the Keeng o Rus' foondit Lviv, namin the ceety efter his son, Leo. Durin this time, the general region aroond Lviv wis kent as Red Ruthenie (Cherven' Rus').

The region anerlie became pairt o the Soviet Union unner the terms o the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact in 1939, when it wis annexed tae the Ukrainian SSR. It wis occupeed bi Nazi Germany frae 1941 tae 1944 an remained in Soviet haunds efter Warld War II as wis arranged durin the Teheran an Yalta conferences. Given its historical development, Lviv Oblast is ane o the least Roushifeed an Sovietized pairts o Ukraine, wi hintle o its Habsburg heritage still visible the day.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Grassy flatlands wi rollin hills in Drohobych Raion

The terrain o Lviv Oblast is heichly varied. The soothren pairt is occupeed bi the law Beskyd (ukr: Бескиди) muntain chains runnin parallel tae each ither frae northwast tae sootheast an covered wi seicontary coniferous forests as pairt o the Eastren Carpathians; the heichest point is Pikuy (1408 m). North frae there are the wide upper Dniester river valley an hintle smawer upper San River valley. These rivers hae flat bottoms covered wi alluvial deposits, an are susceptible tae floods. Atween these valleys an Beskyd lees the Precarpathian upland covered wi deciduous forests, wi well-kent mineral spa resorts (see Truskavets, Morshyn). It's an aa the aurie o ane o the earliest industrial petroleum an gas extraction. These deposits are aw but depletit bi nou.

In the central pairt o the region lie Roztocze, Opillia, an pairt o the Podolie uplands. Rich sulphur deposits wur mined here durin the Soviet era. Roztocze is densely forestit, while Opillia an Podolia (being covered wi loess on which fertile soils develop) are densely populatit an maistly covered bi arable land. In the central-north pairt o the region lies the Sma Polesia lawland, geographically isolatit frae the rest o Polesie but wi similar terrain an landscapes (flat plains wi sandy fluvioglacial deposits an pine forests). The far North o the region lies on the Volhynia upland, which is an aa covered wi loess; coal is mined in this aurie.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

The climate o Lviv Oblast is moderately ceul an humid. The average Januar temperaturs range frae −7 °C (19 °F) in the Carpathie Muntains tae −3 °C (27 °F) in the Dniester an San River valleys while in Julie the average temperaturs are frae 14–15 °C (57–59 °F) in the Carpathians tae 16–17 °C (61–63 °F) in Roztocze an 19 °C (66 °F) in the lawer pairt o the Dniester valley.[1] The average annual precipitation is 600–650 mm (23.62–25.59 in) in the lawlands, 650–750 mm (25.59–29.53 in) in the heichlands an up tae 1,000 mm (39.37 in) in the Carpathians, wi the majority o precipitation occurrin in simmer. Prolanged droughts are uncommon, while strang rainfaws can cause floods in river valleys. Severe winds durin storms can an aa cause damage, especially in the heichlands. The climate is favourable for the cultivation o sugar beets, winter wheat, flax, rye, cabbage, apples, an for dairy fermin. It is still too cauld tae successfully cultivate maize, sunflouer, grapes, melon, watermelon or peaches in Lviv Oblast. In the Carpathians conditions are favourable for Alpine skiin 3–4 months a year.

Politics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Govrenors[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Chairmen o the Executive Committee
Term stairt Term end Name Year o birth Year o daith
Mairch 1991 6 Aprile 1992 Vyacheslav Chornovil b. 1937 d. 1999
Juin 1994 Julie 1995 Mykola Horyn b. 1945
  • Representative o the Preses
Term stairt Term end Name Year o birth
20 Mairch 1992 Juin 1994 Stepan Davymuka (s.a.)
  • Heids o the Admeenistration[2]
Term stairt Term end Name Year o birth Year o daith
7 Julie 1995 6 Feb. 1997 Mykola Horyn (s.a.)
6 Feb. 1997 14 Jan. 1999 Mykhailo Hladiy b. 1952
15 Jan. 1999 19 Mairch 2001 Stepan Senchuk b. 1955 d. 2005
26 Mairch 2001 26 Aprile 2002 Mykhailo Hladiy b. 1952
26 Aprile 2002 4 Juin 2003 Myron Yankiv b. 1951
9 Juin 2003 20 Dec. 2004 Oleksandr Sendeha b. 1953
20 Dec. 2004 4 Feb. 2005 Bohdan Matolych (acting) b. 1955
4 Feb. 2005 20 Feb. 2008 Petro Oliynyk b. 1957
20 Feb. 2008 27 Feb. 2008 Valery Pyatak (acting) b. 1959
27 Feb. 2008 20 Aprile 2010 Mykola Kmit
(actin tae 1 Sep 2008)
(s.a.)
20 Aprile 2010 current Vasyl Horbal[3] (s.a.)

Subdiveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Okruhas o Lviv Oblast.

The Lviv Oblast is admeenistratively subdividit intae 20 raions (destricts), as well as 9 ceety (municipalities) which are directly subordinate tae the oblast govrenment: Boryslav, Chervonohrad, Drohobych, Morshyn, Novyi Rozdil, Sambir, Stryi, Truskavets, an the admeenistrative centre o the oblast, Lviv.

Raions o the Lviv Oblast
In Scots In Ukrainian Admeenistrative centre
Brody Raion Бродівський район
Brodivs'kyi raion
Brody
(Ceety)
Busk Raion Буський район
Bus'kyi raion
Busk
(Ceety)
Drohobych Raion Дрогобицький район
Drohobyts'kyi raion
Drohobych
(Ceety)
Horodok Raion Городоцький район
Horodots'kyi raion
Horodok
(Ceety)
Kamianka-Buzka Raion Кам'янка-Бузький район
Kamyanka-Buz'kyi raion
Kamianka-Buzka
(Ceety)
Mostyska Raion Мостиський район
Mostys'kyi raion
Mostyska
(Ceety)
Mykolaiv Raion Миколаївський район
Mykolayivs'kyi raion
Mykolaiv
(Ceety)
Peremyshliany Raion Перемишлянський район
Peremyshlians'kyi raion
Peremyshliany
(Ceety)
Pustomyty Raion Пустомитівський район
Pustomytivs'kyi raion
Pustomyty
(Ceety)
Radekhiv Raion Радехівський район
Radekhivs'kyi raion
Radekhiv
(Ceety)
Sambir Raion Самбірський район
Sambirs'kyi raion
Sambir
(Ceety)
Skole Raion Сколівський район
Skolivs'kyi raion
Skole
(Ceety)
Sokal Raion Сокальський район
Sokal's'kyi raion
Sokal
(Ceety)
Starosambirskyi Raion Старосамбірський район
Starosambirs'kyi raion
Staryi Sambir
(Ceety)
Stryiskyi Raion Стрийський район
Stryis'kyi raion
Stryi
(Ceety)
Turkivskyi Raion Турківський район
Turkivs'kyi raion
Turka
(Ceety)
Yavorivskyi Raion Яворівський район
Yavorivs'kyi raion
Yavoriv
(Ceety)
Zhovkivskyi Raion Жовківський район
Zhovkivs'kyi raion
Zhovkva
(Ceety)
Zhydachivskyi Raion Жидачівський район
Zhydachivs'kyi raion
Zhydachiv
(Ceety)
Zolochivskyi Raion Золочівський район
Zolochivs'kyi raion
Zolochiv
(Ceety)

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Releegion[eedit | eedit soorce]

Fifty-sax percent o the releegious organisations active in the Lviv Oblast adhere tae the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Kirk. The Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Kirk is the seicont lairgest releegious body. The follaers o the Roman Catholic Kirk an the Ukrainian Orthodox Kirk (Moscow Patriairchate) are maistly frae the Pols, an Roushie or non-Galician Ukrainian minorities respectively.

Historical an cultural steids[eedit | eedit soorce]

Detailed map o Lviv Oblast.

The ceety o Lviv contains a well-preserved main square (Rynok) an numerous historical an bonnie kirks. Ither steids o interest are the historic Lychakivskiy Cemetery, the local museum o folklore, an the ruins o the famous Vysokyi Zamok. The name o the castle is tichtly teed wi the name o the ceety. There is an aa a museum o military airtifacts, the "Arsenal".

Well-preserved local wooden kirks, castles, an monasteries can be foond throughoot the Oblast. Ane o them is the Olesko Castle which is first remembered in 1327. Anither castle that wis built at the end o the 15t century is Svirzh Castle in the veelage o Svirzh, Peremeshliany Raion. Ane mair an nae less famous castle is the Pidhirtsi Castle. Its airchitectural complex consists o the three-story palace, Kostel, an sma pairk. In Roztochia is an aa locatit the Krekhivsky monastery in the buch-pine grove at the fuit o the Pobiyna mount. The whole complex consists o the Saunt Nikola Kirk, the bell touer, numerous service structurs, an defensive waws wi touers. Anither steid worth o mentionin is the Tustan ceety-fortress which is built in the rock. The steid wis nominatit as the historical an as the natural wonder o Ukraine. There an aw a natur complex in the valley o the Kamianka river in Skoliv Raion. Anither natural wander o the region is the Kamin-Veleten (Rock-Giant in Inglis) which is locatit near ceety of Pidkamin in Brodivskyi Raion. The name o the local ceety means Under the Rock. A local museum o Ukrainian airt an an institution o heicher learnin (Ivan Franko State University) are an aa present.

Nomenclatur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Maist o Ukraine's oblasts are named efter their caipital ceeties, offeecially referred tae as "oblast centres" (Ukrainian: обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name o each oblast is a relative adjective, formed bi addin a feminine suffix tae the name o respective centre ceety: L'viv is the centre o the L'vivs'ka oblast' (Lviv Oblast). Maist oblasts are an aa sometimes referred tae in a feminine noun form, follaein the convention o traditional regional place names, endin wi the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case wi the Lviv Oblast, Lvivshchyna.

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. WorldClimate.com (Data for L'viv)
  2. Lviv, worldstatesmen.org
  3. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named newgove

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 49°43′03″N 23°57′01″E / 49.71750°N 23.95028°E / 49.71750; 23.95028