Sevan, Armenie

Frae Wikipedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Sevan
Սեվան
Sevan Սեվան is locatit in Armenie
Sevan Սեվան
Sevan
Սեվան
Coordinates: 40°33′18″N 44°57′13″E / 40.55500°N 44.95361°E / 40.55500; 44.95361
Kintra Armenie
Marz (Province) Gegharkunik
Foondit 1842
Govrenment
 • Mayor Gevorg Malkhasyan
Aurie
 • Total 16 km2 (6 sq mi)
Elevation 1,905 m (6,250 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Tot 23,361
 • Density 1,450/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
Time zone   (UTC+4)
 • Simmer (DST)   (UTC+5)
Aurie code(s) +374(261)
Sources: Population [1]

Sevan (Armenie: Սեվան; till 1935, Elenovka or Yelenovka Roushie: Еленовка) is a ceety an a popular resort in Armenie, in the Gegharkunik Province, lees on the northren shores o Lake Sevan. The toun is foondit on a hicht o ower 1900 metres abuin sea level, 66 kilometres north-east o the caipital Yerevan, an 40 kilometres north o Gavar, the admeenistrative centre o Gegharkunik region. It wis foondit in 1842 as the Roushie veelage Yelenovka an wis kent unner this name till 1935. Sevan is surroondit bi the Sevan Naitional Pairk which is extendit frae the north-eastren side o the ceety tae the sooth-wast, while the Lake Sevan forms the naitural borders o the toun frae the east.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The toun wis foondit as Yelenovka in 1842 bi exiled Roushie schismatics. Syne its foondation till 1935, the toun o Sevan wis kent as Yelenovka, namit efter the wife o Tsar Nicholas I. The toun remained aw Roushie till the end o the 19t century. Anerlie 1 kilometre north o the toun, the cyclopean fortress o "Metsep" staunds. On a hill juist sooth o the veelage o Tsamakaberd, tae the east o Sevan's centre, a cyclopean fortress is foond.

The Sevan peninsulae, which is locatit 3 km east o the toun is hame tae ane o the maist notable samples o medieval Armenie airchitectur, the Sevanavank Monastery o the 9t century. The monastery wis mainly intendit for those monks frae Echmiadzin who haed sinned. The day, the monastery consists o twa kirks: Surb Arakelots (Holy Apostles) an Surb Astvatsatsin (Holy Mither o God) wi mony teeps o khackars (cross-stones). Initially the monastery wis biggit at the soothren shore o a sma island. Efter airtificial drainin o Lake Sevan, which stairtit in the Joseph Stalin era, the watter level fell aboot 20 metres, an the island wis transformit intae a peninsulae.

Anither important releegious structur in the peninsulae is the Vaskenian Theological Academy o Sevan which wis opened in 2004.

Sevan Naitional Pairk[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sevan Naitional Pairk wis established in 1978 tae pertect Lake Sevan an the surroondin regions. It occupees the territories o the Lake Sevan comprisin the bed o intermontane concavity o Sevan an those freed frae its bed. The aurie comprises 1501 square kilometres, o which 24.9 thoosan hectares are lakeside laund. It is surroondit wi the slopes o muntain chains o Areguni, Geghama, Vardenis, Pambak an Sevan. Some 1600 plant an 330 ainimal species are foond here. The pairk is dividit intae 3 zones: a reserve, a recreation zone, an a zone for economic uise.

Population an cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tourism in Sevan

The offeecial census o 2001 showed a decline in the population o Sevan, which went doun frae 27,000 as wis reportit in the 1989 census tae 21,422. Nouadays the population is aroond 22,000, maist o which are involvit in agricultural activities, fish-huntin an some tourism services, especially durin the simmer saison.

The veelage o Gagarin wi its 1,200 dwallers, is considered pairt o the Sevan commonty an aw, awtho bein formit as a separate veelage, sicweys makkin the entire population o the commonty aroond 23,200.

The commonty o Sevan haes 8 public eddication schuils wi ane o them operatin in the veelage o Gagarin. As o 2008, thare wur 4 nursery schuils in Sevan an 1 in Gagarin.

The toun o Sevan is hame tae the Akhtamar Sevan fitbaa club.

Durin the brief simmer o the region, the toun o Sevan turns intae a popular beach resort. Mony profeesionals an amateurs veesit the ceety tae practice thair favourite types o sports on the shores includin beach soccer, beach volleybaw, wind-surfin an ither types o watter sports throu numerous soummin beaches an facilities alang the entire Sevan shore, sic as the aqua-pairk, the horse club, the tennis courts, the mini fitbaa an basketbaa fields.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Climate data for Sevan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) −2.8
(27)
−2.1
(28.2)
1.4
(34.5)
7.1
(44.8)
12.4
(54.3)
16.2
(61.2)
18.9
(66)
19.5
(67.1)
16.9
(62.4)
12.4
(54.3)
5.5
(41.9)
−0.1
(31.8)
8.78
(47.79)
Daily mean °C (°F) −8.0
(17.6)
−7.5
(18.5)
−6.0
(21.2)
0.5
(32.9)
7.0
(44.6)
10.5
(50.9)
14.0
(57.2)
15.0
(59)
11.0
(51.8)
6.0
(42.8)
−1.0
(30.2)
−5.5
(22.1)
3
(37.4)
Average law °C (°F) −13.0
(8.6)
−13.0
(8.6)
−12.0
(10.4)
−6.0
(21.2)
1.0
(33.8)
5.0
(41)
9.0
(48.2)
10.0
(50)
5.0
(41)
0.0
(32)
−7.0
(19.4)
−11.0
(12.2)
−2.7
(27.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 16
(0.63)
23
(0.91)
33
(1.3)
60
(2.36)
87
(3.43)
78
(3.07)
44
(1.73)
33
(1.3)
25
(0.98)
49
(1.93)
31
(1.22)
18
(0.71)
497
(19.57)
Average precipitation days 8 9 12 14 19 15 10 8 8 9 8 8 128
Soorce: World Meteorological Organisation (UN) [2]

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]